New hope for human patients as scientists reverse type 1 diabetes in mice

A team of scientists from Boston Children's Hospital have reversed type 1 diabetes in mice, leading to hopes that human sufferers of the autoimmune condition may soon be treated using a similar method.

Hospital researchers said that all of the mice trialled were successfully cured of type 1 in the short term, while around one-third were cured for the duration of their lives. Previous studies have tried to cure the condition using immunotherapy, according to Rt.

Patients in those studies were infused with their own blood stem cells, in an attempt to reboot their immune system.

Did you know you should give under-fives vitamin tablets?

Children between the age of six months and five years should take vitamin A, C and D supplements, government advice says - do you find this surprising?

Researchers in Wales found only 30% of parents and carers said they had ever been given advice by a health professional about giving young children vitamin supplements, according to BBC.

And nearly two-thirds (64%) of those asked said they didn't give their children vitamin supplements.

‘Silent killer’: New guidelines show 46% of US adults have high blood pressure

Doctors and experts from the American Heart Association, along with nine other groups, have bad news for 30 million Americans: they now have high blood pressure. This will bring the total number of US adults living with high blood pressure to 103 million.

The updated information indicates that high blood pressure (hypertension) will now affect nearly half of US adults, after the standards to diagnose the condition have been lowered from a threshold reading of 140 over 90 to 130 over 80, according to RT.

New insights into why sleep is good for our memory

Researchers have shed new light on sleep's vital role in helping us make the most of our memory.

Sleep, they show, helps us to use our memory in the most flexible and adaptable manner possible by strengthening new and old versions of the same memory to similar extents, according to Science Daily.

The researchers also demonstrate that when a memory is retrieved -- when we remember something -- it is updated with new information present at the time of remembering. The brain appears not to 'overwrite' the old version of the memory, but instead generates and stores multiple (new and old) versions of the same experience.

Lead researcher Dr Scott Cairney said: "Previous studies have shown sleep's importance for memory. Our research takes this a step further by demonstrating that sleep strengthens both old and new versions of an experience, helping us to use our memories adaptively.

Scientists discover those who eat too quickly are five-and-a-half times more likely than slow eaters to go on to develop a cluster of conditions

Bolting your food increases your risk of obesity, diabetes and heart disease, research suggests.

People who eat very quickly do not give their bodies time to realise it is full – meaning they tend to eat more according to Daily mail.

Eating slowly, savouring every mouthful and taking time over a meal is better for overall health.

A study of more than 1,000 middle-aged people found those who ate quickly were five-and-a-half times more likely than slow eaters to go on to develop metabolic syndrome - a cluster of conditions including obesity and high blood pressure, blood sugar and cholesterol.