Solving Darwin's 'abominable mystery': How flowering plants conquered the world

Scientists have found an explanation for how flowering plants became dominant so rapidly in ecosystems across the world -- a problem that Charles Darwin called an 'abominable mystery'. Kevin Simonin and Adam Roddy, found that flowering plants have small cells relative to other major plant groups and that this small cell size is made possible by a greatly reduced genome size, according to Science Daily.

Speedy turkey-sized dinosaur that roamed Earth 113 million years

A turkey-sized dinosaur that once roamed the rift valley 113 million years ago has been discovered according, to Daily Mail`.

It appears the plant-eating dinosaur became trapped in a log jam where it died in pain and became immortalised.

The new find sheds light on the diversity of the small, bipedal herbivorous dinosaurs called ornithopods.

The partial skeleton named Diluvicursor pickeringi or Pickering's Flood-Running dinosaur was found in sea cliffs. 

'Diluvicursor shows for the first time that there were at least two distinct body-types among closely related ornithopods, said lead author Vertebrate Palaeontologist Dr Matt .

Unusual gene evolution in bacteria

Researchers have made another discovery at the cellular level to help understand the basic processes of all life on our planet -- this time within the unusual bacteria that has lived inside cicada insects since dinosaurs roamed Earth, according to Science Daily.

During the past 70 million years, the bacteria underwent extreme adaptations to live within the insects' bodies, losing between an estimated 95 to 97 percent of their genes and resulting in some of the smallest genomes known to any organisms. In the process, they lost the ability to live anywhere outside of cicadas.

The dolphins that sound like a chorus of squeaking mice

Close-up footage reveals the underwater world of timid dolphins and their melodic chants that sound like a chorus of squeaking mice.

The shy striped dolphins produced the weird sound while being observed by a stunned whale-watching tour group according to Daily mail .

Striped dolphins are known for being the most illusive of all dolphin species, who normally keep their distance from humans and boats, making this footage particularly rare.

Origins of photosynthesis in plants dated to 1.25 billion years ago

The world's oldest algae fossils are a billion years old, according to a new analysis by earth scientists. Based on this finding, the researchers also estimate that the basis for photosynthesis in today's plants was set in place 1.25 billion years ago, according to Science Daily.

The study could resolve a long-standing mystery over the age of the fossilized algae, Bangiomorpha pubescens, which were first discovered in rocks in 1990. The microscopic organism is believed to be the oldest known direct ancestor of modern plants and animals, but its age was only poorly dated, with estimates placing it somewhere between 720 million and 1.2 billion years.