Discoveries Of Tall Aswad: Syria Was The Center Of Prehistoric Civilizations

Arab and world news agencies were highly interested in the latest archaeological discoveries lately revealed by the Syrian- French excavation mission, which became the central subject of scientists and archeologists specialized in prehistoric eras, especially that of the Neolithic age which witnessed the period of stability, agriculture and domestication of wild animals. This period was characterized with a lot of devices and changes in many fields that changed the future of humanity and human civilizations. These changes occurred in Syria before any other place in the world in the early ninth millennium BC.

The Silk Road

The Silk Road: A continuous trip on the roads of civilizations

 The story of the silk road is a story of one of the oldest, most famous and most important world trade roads that connected, for long centuries, China with central Asia, Persia, western Asia and Europe. The name, silk road, was given to this road after the most important subject of trading on this road : Chinese silk. Commercial movement started along the silk road in the second century B.C. and continued with some ups and downs until the fifteenth century A.D. New maritime roads were discovered in the renaissance period to take, gradually, the place of most of the over land trader outes.


About seven kilometers north east of al Swaida is the village of Qanawat situated, one of the most important historical places in Jabal al Arab.

In the first century BC, and before the rising of Bosra, Qanawat was the largest city in the region. It flourished because it was not far from one of the largest complexes of Nabatean temples of the city of Sei, just 4km south east.

Qanawat was well known during the Nabatean and, then, the Roman periods under the name of Qanatha and later Qanat.

It was one of the most famous commercial Deca Polises, a complex of several autonomous commercial cities.

At the end of the second century AD, Qanawat turned into an Arab province, and in the fourth and fifth centuries, it became the seat of a rich archbishopric.

The greatness and wealth of this city explain why its beautiful and attractive remains spread on a large area of the mound and on the slopes of the green valley around it.

AlSwaidaa ..Geography and Administration

The governorate of alSwaida, known locally as Jabal al Arab was populated since the Stoneand the Bronze Age. Many civilizations flourished on its land leaving eternal monuments and edifices as witnesses on the greatness of these civilizations. AlSwaidaa city is the provincial capital of Jabal al Arab,105km south of Damascus.

In 88BC the Nabateans took it fromthe Greeks and made it one of their main headquarters and a center of worship to God Dozaris, god of wine and vineyards. In the thirdcentury B.C. the Romans made it one of their important cities. The Arab Ghassanids settled in it in the fifth century AD, and the Arab Moslems took in 634 AD. The cityhas many houses, castles, walls,towers, temples and cemeteries.Now alSwaida boasts a modernmuseum inaugurated in 1990,replacing an old one established in1923.

Traditional Handicrafts Mosaics and Aghabani

The inhabitants of Damascus countryside excelled in several professions that were originally devised to satisfy the needs of people and which, later, became a real arts in themselves. The availability of local materials in the governorate helped craftsmen to develop these professions and turn them into artistic crafts inherited by the sons from the fathers and grandfathers.

Wherever you go in Damascus and its countryside you will see different products of these crafts that express the real expertise of their makers who always proved that they are talented and can develop their professions successfully: glassware, wood carving, marble sculptors and Arabic thread, brocade and damask that derived its name from Damascus, swords, kelims and carpets leather wear ....etc. Two of the most important of these crafts are mosaics and aghabani.