Six kilometers North West ofAleppo, over a protruding rockycliff surrounded by valleys in thenorth, south and east, forming naturaldefensive lines, perches St. SimeonCitadel, considered one of the wondersof local architecture. The citadelreflects the influence of Byzantine andclassical arts on Syrian art of building.

This influence is represented by slimcolumns topped with decorated capitalswhich seem as if they are leaning  with the wind, and also by the beautifuloctagon decorated with symmetricalsides and curves based on wonderfulpieces of art. Colors of the stonematch the surrounding colors ofnature. Porticos, gates, and windows seem as if they are open to the wind.


Although more than eighty years have already passed on the start of archaeological excavations in Ras Shamra (Ugarit) on the Syrian Coast,discoveries, studies and translations arestill introducing new, wonderful and unique elements expressing the greatness of this city-kingdom which flourished in ancient Syria from pre- historicalages in the seventh millennium BC to the fourth century BC.

Studies implemented during the recent years and researches published in the most renowned specialized reviews,proved that civilizations started in thiscity since the early days of farming and animal domestication on this rocky pine forest. Earlier discoveries showed several flint workshops where typical tools belonging to the end of the Modern Stone Age, i.e. before pottery was manu factured in the seventh Millennium BC.

Dar Mufidal Amin...An Appointment with History

In the district of Bab Tadmur, one of the old districts of Homs, which could maintain very little of its historical heritage from the invasion of modernity which turned the district into narrow lanes of cement blocks, and just near the Serai of the district, stands Dar MufidalAmin which the endowment documents confirm that it is the second official house built by the government inside the wall of the city during the Mamelouk period after alZahrawi Palace. The house remained an official building until the ottomans entered the city in the year 922 Hijira= 1516 AD.

The handcraft of shells graft… Orient’s heritage guards series

Shells to match Gold

A trip in the fragrance of rainbow shells

Who among us has not engraved their name or their lover’s name on a study bank or on a tree somewhere? The colors of pearl shells and nut wood overlap, to create wooden, oriental, Damascene furniture masterpiece that only its creator knows it for real because it is his own hands production, it is so unique even if similar to another. Each and every masterpiece carries its mark.

Rainbow colors God created shells with colors inside out, and that is what gives it the charm and splendor. From the outside, the shell has multiple colors like the traditional white, bright pink and extraordinary black, while from the inside; it is colored when cut into slices showing all the colors of the rainbow in a breathtaking and charming way. These bright colors are for the Cockle, while river shells are unique for their pearly, milky, turquoise color.

Marriage in Syria

No doubt American and Arab societies vary greatly, but what I am finding is that no matter what the differences, the same elements, such as love, trust, and friendship, remain the same.

I will explain the process of courtship in Syria that may seem a little different than the process of courtship in the United States. I find that in America, people “accidentally” get married- if I ask many of my college friends now, very few have the intention of getting married in the near future. Indeed most of them will, but perhaps sometime down the road. Most are focused on educational advancements and their careers. Marriage is some thing that comes along later, after we’ve “found “ourselves, we seek to find someone else.