AlSwaidaa ..Geography and Administration

The governorate of alSwaida, known locally as Jabal al Arab was populated since the Stoneand the Bronze Age. Many civilizations flourished on its land leaving eternal monuments and edifices as witnesses on the greatness of these civilizations. AlSwaidaa city is the provincial capital of Jabal al Arab,105km south of Damascus.

In 88BC the Nabateans took it fromthe Greeks and made it one of their main headquarters and a center of worship to God Dozaris, god of wine and vineyards. In the thirdcentury B.C. the Romans made it one of their important cities. The Arab Ghassanids settled in it in the fifth century AD, and the Arab Moslems took in 634 AD. The cityhas many houses, castles, walls,towers, temples and cemeteries.Now alSwaida boasts a modernmuseum inaugurated in 1990,replacing an old one established in1923.

Traditional Handicrafts Mosaics and Aghabani

The inhabitants of Damascus countryside excelled in several professions that were originally devised to satisfy the needs of people and which, later, became a real arts in themselves. The availability of local materials in the governorate helped craftsmen to develop these professions and turn them into artistic crafts inherited by the sons from the fathers and grandfathers.

Wherever you go in Damascus and its countryside you will see different products of these crafts that express the real expertise of their makers who always proved that they are talented and can develop their professions successfully: glassware, wood carving, marble sculptors and Arabic thread, brocade and damask that derived its name from Damascus, swords, kelims and carpets leather wear ....etc. Two of the most important of these crafts are mosaics and aghabani.

Museum, Souks and Khans of Aleppo

At the museum you will witness, starting at the main entrance, a temple gateway and a female sphinx from the Iron Age Neo Hittite settlement in Tell Khallaf.

The first hall exhibits statues and cuneiform slates from Mari in the Bronze Age, including some pieces discovered by Agatha Christie’s husband, Max Mallowan, at the site of Tell Brak (Tell Khouwayra). Further on, you will find a room containing Bronze Age objects from Hama and Ugarit.

Beyond this, you will find a section devoted to Iron Age materials from sites in the Gezira, and Euphrates. Most are Assyrian style statues. The next hall concentrates on objects found in Aleppo, Ain Dara, and Ebla.

Look on Aleppo’s Ruins

Aleppo museum

All historical periods are exhibited in this museum, however the greatest emphasis is put on the Iron Age, while there is quite a big Islamic section. At the museum you will witness, starting at the main entrance, a temple gateway and a female sphinx from the Iron Age Neo Hittite settlement in Tell Khallaf. The first hall exhibits statues and cuneiform slates from Mari in the Bronze Age, including some pieces discovered by Agatha Christie’s husband, Max Mallowan, at the site of Tell Brak (Tell Khouwayra). Further on, you will find a room containing Bronze Age objects from Hama and Ugarit.

Damascene Sword

 

The Damascene sword has more sincere reports than western media. Its essence is hair braids, its handle is the ivory strength, its color is silver purity, its decorations are golden surviving, its inscriptions are from the holy Quran, its makers are Damascene, and its lasting is forever.

“No sword, but Zulfiqar”

Between a handle and a sheath… its blade has glory:

The hilt of the Damascene sword is made either of elephant tusks “ivory”, or of buffalo horns, for the strength of these two objects and their agreement with the structure and shape of the blade. The sheath is made of walnut and beech wood. Precious metals are added to the Damascene sword through a process called “Altakfit” which is inserting strings of gold and silver to the surface of the blade, sheath, and handle, it is also decorated and studded with precious stones.