Occupation forces arrest 4 Palestinians in Hebron

Occupation forces arrest 4 Palestinians in Hebron

Occupied Jerusalem  (ST): The Israeli...

One of the largest Christmas Caves opens in Syria

One of the largest Christmas Caves opens in Syria

Damascus (ST): With the beginning of the...

10 workers martyred and another injured in a terrorist attack

10 workers martyred and another injured in a terrorist attack

Deir Ezzour (ST): Ten workers from the...

Lebanese minister: Our relations with Syria should be good

Lebanese minister: Our relations with Syria should be good

BEIRUT, DEC.2, (ST)-The Lebanese Minister of...

Syria, UNOPS discuss requirements of educational process

Syria, UNOPS discuss requirements of educational process

DAMASCUS, DEC.2 (ST)- The Minister of Education...

Sabbagh highly appreciates India’s support to Syria

Sabbagh highly appreciates India’s support to Syria

DAMASCUS, DEC.2, (ST)- The Speaker of the...

Injuries in Homs countryside

Injuries in Homs countryside

Two young men were injured in a mine explosion...

Terrorist attack on bus in Deir Ezzour countryside

Terrorist attack on bus in Deir Ezzour countryside

SANA reporter: 10 workers from the Al-Kharata...

Turkish Finance Minister Resigns amid Expectations of Further Regime Cracks

Turkish Finance Minister Resigns amid Expectations of Further Regime Cracks

Major cracks and rifts continue in the pillars...

Israeli occupation demolishes 4 Palestinian homes in Hebron

Israeli occupation demolishes 4 Palestinian homes in Hebron

The Israeli occupation forces demolished...

A Palestinian prisoner enters his 20th year in Israeli detention

A Palestinian prisoner enters his 20th year in Israeli detention

On December 2nd, a Palestinian prisoner entered...

  • Occupation forces arrest 4 Palestinians in Hebron

    Occupation forces arrest 4 Palestinians in Hebron

    Friday, 03 December 2021 09:36
  • “ Aamal” Organization  held a festivity   marking the International Day of Persons with Disabilities

    “ Aamal” Organization held a festivity ...

    Friday, 03 December 2021 07:51
  • 17 Syrian teams to the regional final of the university programming competition in the Arab world and Africa

    17 Syrian teams to the regional final of the...

    Friday, 03 December 2021 07:48
  • One of the largest Christmas Caves opens in Syria

    One of the largest Christmas Caves opens in Syria

    Friday, 03 December 2021 07:45
  • 10 workers martyred and another injured in a terrorist attack

    10 workers martyred and another injured in a...

    Friday, 03 December 2021 07:41
  • Lebanese minister: Our relations with Syria should be good

    Lebanese minister: Our relations with Syria...

    Thursday, 02 December 2021 20:04
  • Syrian Olympic Committee supports China’s hosting of the  2022 Winter Olympic

    Syrian Olympic Committee supports China’s...

    Thursday, 02 December 2021 19:44
  • Syria, UNOPS discuss requirements of educational process

    Syria, UNOPS discuss requirements of...

    Thursday, 02 December 2021 18:55
  • Sabbagh highly appreciates India’s support to Syria

    Sabbagh highly appreciates India’s support to...

    Thursday, 02 December 2021 18:28
  • Injuries in Homs countryside

    Injuries in Homs countryside

    Thursday, 02 December 2021 18:07
  • Terrorist attack on bus in Deir Ezzour countryside

    Terrorist attack on bus in Deir Ezzour countryside

    Thursday, 02 December 2021 17:58
  • Turkish Finance Minister Resigns amid Expectations of Further Regime Cracks

    Turkish Finance Minister Resigns amid...

    Thursday, 02 December 2021 12:29
  • Israeli occupation demolishes 4 Palestinian homes in Hebron

    Israeli occupation demolishes 4 Palestinian...

    Thursday, 02 December 2021 12:15
  • Reconstruction of schools damaged by terrorism and building new ones in Quneitra

    Reconstruction of schools damaged by terrorism...

    Thursday, 02 December 2021 12:11
  • For the seventh consecutive day,  Al-Hasakah without water due to encroachments of Turkish occupation mercenaries

    For the seventh consecutive day, Al-Hasakah...

    Thursday, 02 December 2021 12:08
  • A Palestinian prisoner enters his 20th year in Israeli detention

    A Palestinian prisoner enters his 20th year in...

    Thursday, 02 December 2021 12:06
  • An armed man from SDF is killed and two  wounded in an attack by the popular factions in the countryside of Hasakah

    An armed man from SDF is killed and two ...

    Thursday, 02 December 2021 11:27
  • UN General Assembly renews its demand for Israeli occupation to fully withdraw from the occupied Syrian Golan

    UN General Assembly renews its demand for...

    Thursday, 02 December 2021 10:47
  • The United Nations, by majority, adopts two resolutions in favor of Palestine

    The United Nations, by majority, adopts two...

    Thursday, 02 December 2021 10:45
  • Crimes of Israeli occupation and its settlers during the past month

    Crimes of Israeli occupation and its settlers...

    Thursday, 02 December 2021 10:43

Economy & Aftermath

Investigative Reporting

80 productive families participate in “ With Our Hands” Bazaar

80 productive families participate in “ …

With the participation of 80 productive families, the regional office for productive families and the handicraft and traditional industries in Syria held last Thursday a ...

  1. Tourism
  2. Culture
  3. Society
  4. Golan
Syria participates in the 24th session of UNWTO

Syria participates in the 24th session o…

MADRID, Nov 30, (ST)-Syria participates in the  activities of the 24th  session of the General Assembly of the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), which kicked off today in  Madrid.   The UNWTO’s activities include the meetings of the committees of “Tourism and Sustainability”, Tourism and Competition” and “Tourism and Online Education” and they will last until the 3rd of December, according to the Syrian Arab News...

Read more
The 24th Homs Theater Festival kicks off at the Palace of Culture

The 24th Homs Theater Festival kicks off…

Under the patronage of the Minister of Culture, Dr. Loubana Mouchaweh, the Artists Syndicate, Homs Branch, in cooperation with the Directorate of Theatres, Music, and National Theater in Homs holds the 24th Homs Theater Festival on the stage of the Palace of Culture in Homs from 11 November to January 5.

Read more
One of the largest Christmas Caves opens in Syria

One of the largest Christmas Caves opens…

Damascus (ST): With the beginning of the celebrations of the birthday of Jesus Christ, the messenger of love and peace, and amid a popular and religious festive atmosphere, the Greek Orthodox Church of St. Elias Al-Gheyyor in Al-Duwayla opened yesterday, one of the largest Christmas caves in Syria, covering an area of 400 square meters.

Read more
Syrian Citizens of occupied Golan:Our land is Arab

Syrian Citizens of occupied Golan:Our la…

Citizens of the occupied Syrian Golan affirmed that “the Golan was and will remain Arab and Syrian”. The citizens added that "the decisions of the United Nations General Assembly call for a complete withdrawal of the Israeli occupation forces from Golan".   Golan citizens stressed their firm stance in confronting the occupation which is short of legitimacy. The released prisoner, Bishr al-Maqt,stated that the whole...

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Eleven of the fifty theaters discovered in Syria are located in Shahba, Qanawat, Daraa, Sweidaa, Busra and Sahar in South Syria.

When the Romans entered Syria in 64 BC they found civilized and lavish cities. Therefore they treated their inhabitants distinctively. They established an alliance among several cities called the Decapol i.e. the confedconfederation of the ten cities, although each city had its autonomy and freedom of striking money. This status was positively reflected on these cities in that they flourished and competed among themselves because everyone wanted to be the best. Magnificent monuments, successful administrative systems, and a special rule to reconcile harmoniously between old parts and the new ones of each quarter were established.

Roads were constructed to lead to the city center starting from the main army camps ,leading to the temples, municipal council, palaces, baths, the senate, the agoras (the markets) and the arches of triumph built on every cross road, the theaters, and then the horse race course. Busra was a typical city that combined all these elements.

Architecture of theaters

Roman architects were very keen to link the location of the theater with the city center in one hand and with the other cultural buildings in another.

Therefore we notice how the theater of Busra was linked with the race course, the baths, the main street, and with the circular theater which is still unexcavated till these days .Another example is the theater of Pompeii in Italy. In old Dara’a the theater stands in parallel with the main street crossing the city from the east to the west. The northern part of the theater, which is behind the stage, forms a corridor linked directly with the street, as it is the case with the theaters of Palmyra in central Syria and the theater of Ostia in Italy. In Shahba, the theater is located in the city center in the midst of the main buildings of the city and near the residence of emperor Philip the Arab, and the main square which has a high platform with semi circular rows of seats, an indication that people could stand there and see what is going on the stage ,or ,in another meaning, it is a theater without seats where people could gather to see not only the theater but the other activities of the city. In Qanawat the theater is directly linked with the Temple of the God of Irrigation. So we can understand that the theater was an important facility, always linked with the main squares and buildings of the city, especially with those that have similar cultural or entertaining functions.

The common thing among the theaters of South Syria is their direction. Most of them look north - west where the stage is in the northern part, unless the natural location implies another direction as is the case with the theater of Qanawat, where the stage is built in the western part of the theater, in parallel to the valley behind it, while the tiers of seats repose on the eastern slope. In Sahar’s theater the stage is directed to the west as is the case with the altars of temples, while the rows of seats parallel the lobby of the temple.

Size and capacity of the theater

It is clearly evident that theaters built in cities of South Syria were always complying with the population density and the administrative importance of these cities. Therefore theaters have different diameters. Sahar theater diameter is 20 m, Shahba 42 m, Qanawat 46 m, Daraa 62 m and Busra 102 m. All these theaters, excluding that of Busra, are relatively small. The size of the theater of Busra is similar to the Roman and Greek theaters,it can receive 15000 spectators ,while Shahba’s theater can take only 2500 , Daraa 5000 and Qanawat 4000 spectators.

Theaters in South Syria differ also in internal design and the number of the tiers of seats. There are theaters of one tier of seats like those of Sahar and Qanawat, others with two tiers like those of Daraa and Shahba, and theaters with three tiers like that of Busra. External designs also differ. Some theaters were wholly placed on flat plains, following the Roman and the Greek design, as is the case of the theaters of Palmyra, Jableh and Rome. Other theatres have their stages placed on a tilted slope, while the upper tiers are placed on columns as is the case in the theaters of Shahba and Daraa.

There are also theaters where the rows of seats are wholly placed on columns and poles on a natural slope while the stage is built on a flat ground like that of the theater of Qanawat. Because South Syria is a volcanic area rich with basalt, all the theaters were constructed from hard black basalt stones ,a distinctive common mark added to other common features like the thick and huge walls and columns, characteristics which helped these theaters survive the effects of time and natural disasters.

Variety of Shapes

As theaters differ in design, they also differ in shapes. Some theaters have the shape of a half circle with a straight stage, others are oval, semi circular, circular or elliptical, but they were all built for one purpose: theatrical shows.

Later theaters were used for sports, now known as stadiums, or for singing and were built like closed halls with tiers of seats for the audience, such as the theaters of Sahar and Qanawat.

Theaters were always designed with many gates and exits so that people can move easily in the lobbies and corridors and in and out of the gates. In Busra 15000 spectators can get in or leave the theater in less than fifteen minutes.

Race course

The race course was always a synonym of the theater. Usually it is a long rectangle

course, like that of Busra (440X134m) ,which extends from the north to the south. Tiers of seats can accommodate 35 thousand spectators. Another undiscovered course east of Daraa but it is not excavated yet.

 

Haifaa Mafalani

 

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