The Arab Encyclopedia Authority publishes the 6thvolume of the Encyclopedia of Antiquities in Syria

The Arab Encyclopedia Authority has published the 6th volume of the Encyclopedia of Antiquities in Syria, which includes 118 titles beginning with the letters Ha and Kha.

The volume includes plans and illustrations on the archaeological and antiquities sites.

The archaeological researcher, Dr. Mahmoud Hammoud said that the encyclopedia is a product of the work and effort of a group of specialized researchers and academics in the field of archeology in Syria.

New archaeological discoveries in the eastern part of the Temple of Zeus in the town of Qanawat in Sweida

The national archaeological mission in the Sweida Antiquities Department has completed its archaeological excavations for the current season in the eastern part of the Temple of Zeus "Majestus" in the town of Qanawat.

In a statement to SANA, the head of the Sweida Antiquities Department, Dr. Nasha'at Kiwan, said that through excavations, architectural vacuums were discovered, which are small rooms where the rubble was removed, and thus architectural items appeared there such as small doors leading to these rooms. Part of the lower temple base and the water channel that used to pass next to these rooms and feed parts of the temple and lead to a water tank located in front of it, also appeared.

“Enzo” Eagle statue … A 4,500-year-old artifact depicting cultural exchange between Mesopotamia and Syria

The statue of the god Enzo, which is found at   the National Museum of  Damascus and dates back to 2500 BC, embodies  the cultural exchange  between Mesopotamia and Syria since ancient times.

The statue, which  was discovered in the foundations of  Mari Palace in 1965 in a pottery jar , was originally sent as a gift from the King of Ur in southern Iraq to the King of Mari.

It represents  one of the masterpieces of art during the early Mesopotamian dynasties period known as the Early Bronze Age.

According to the index prepared by the General Directorate of Antiquities and Museums on the collectibles  of  National  Museum of Damascus , the statue is an eagle with a lion's head made of precious stones such as lapis lazuli ,  gold,  copper and bitumen. Its   height reaches  12.8 cm with a width of 11.8 cm.

Archaeological Imperial Temple in Shahba a Witness to Great Civilization in Syria’s Southern Region

In the city of Shahba  to the north of Sweida ,  the Roman Imperial Temple stands as a model of ancient architecture and its walls tell a history dating back thousands of years.

Archaeologist  Hassan Hatoum told SANA  that the Roman Imperial Temple represents a large and organized architectural collection  around a large and paved square located to the southwest of the main Roman road (Decumanus) which was an East-West oriented road.

He  pointed  out that the French archaeologist  Melchior de Vogue’  named  in 1865  this unique architectural monument and  a series of other religious buildings in the region as  (Kalepe).  This term denotes religious buildings dedicated to the dwelling of the gods or their statues.

Hatoum indicated  that the General Directorate of Antiquities and Museums acquired in 1974 the houses that   covered the large part of this archaeological building, which   contributed to showing the original remains of the building.

The archaeologist   noted  that many archaeological excavations and restoration work took place to highlight this historical building . The façade of the 30-meter-wide building, which overlooks the square from the western side, has been uncovered containing  three rooms. The middle of which is a large ( mehrab)  niche , topped by a dome and preceded on the eastern side by a large platform similar to the stage of the theater and its front façade is decorated with semicircular niches .  This platform overlooks another platform with the same width of the façade and  ends with a staircase that goes down to the large paved patio.

Ornina statue, one of the Mesopotamian artistic masterpieces that was unearthed in Mari

Damascus (ST):  Ornina statue, displayed in the National Museum in Damascus, is considered one of the masterpieces of ancient oriental arts. The 25.4 high and 13.5 cm wide statue dates back to 2600 BC and it was found in 1933 by the inhabitants of Mari archaeological city. 

 The statue is made of the alabaster ivory stone. Archaeologist Muna al-Moa’zen said that it is one of the Mesopotamian artistic works that was unearthed in one of the main temples of Mari. 

She added that the statue depicts the beauty of a singer whose name was inscribed in cuneiform writing, noting that this statue indicates the importance of singing and arts in the Amorite capital Mari.

K.Q.