Neanderthal man left ruins dating back 100,000 years in the village of Al-Shir in Lattakia countryside

Damascus, (ST) - The village of Al-Shir is located on the banks of the northern Al-Kabeer River in the countryside of Lattakia, a site that is well known on at the global level, because it found in it stone tools were dating back about a hundred thousand years.

Archaeological researcher Dr. Bassam Jamous said that these tools are made by the Neanderthal man, who came to us from Germany and settled on the banks of the river. Neanderthal manis the second ambassador after the Homoarkus man who is considered an "erect ". Homoarkus man settled on the banks of the river and inhabited the village of Tamarkho a million years ago.

Jamous said that “although the discovery of the effects of Neanderthal man in the al-Sher site is not the first of its kind in Syria, as in the 1990s a Syrian-Japanese mission found the skeletons of three Neanderthal children in a cave in the Wadi Afrin.  He confirms that the strategic geographical location of the Sherr and the climate factor helped civilizational stability from 100,000 years to the present time, the matter which gave it great importance

Imar ... an ancient Syrian kingdom from the third millennium BC

On the right bank of the Euphrates River, about 85 km west of the city of Raqqa, the remains of columns, walls, houses and halls are scattered in the area signaling an ancient civilization that once arose in this place - called the Imar Kingdom.

Before archaeologists discovered this kingdom, they recognized it through the texts of Ebla, Mary and Ugarit. They shed light on the extremely important role played by the kingdom in the political and economic relations between Syria and Mesopotamia and Anatolia, specifying its supposed place in a site now known as Maskana.

The roofed market with its seven doors is witness to the ancient history of Latakia

The stone walls and archaeological arches of the roofed market narrate part of the ancient heritage of the city of Latakia, as the ceilings and domes covering its narrow alleys paved with ancient stones, provide an elegant scene that spices up the fragrance of the past despite the change that has occurred in most of his features.

The old market extends over a wide area about one km from the city center. It intersects its markets and main streets, where it is surrounded by Ugarit Square in the south, Souq Al-Sagha and Al-Annaba Street in the north and Al Quwatli Street in the east and Hanano Street in the west. It is linked with the city through seven gates, while the old municipality building is located in one of its entrances.

Hanna Zureik, 73 years old, who grew up in this historical landmark, says that the market was known as the Bazaar, and it is called the "Golden Hole", as it was a popular destination for the city and the rural residents, noting that the market contained many restaurants, hotels and places for breeding cattle and horses, along with a bus station which was later turned into a municipal square.

He adds that the market includes many residential buildings dating back to more than two hundred years, as these houses are in the middle of a large area surrounded by a number of rooms in addition to a cellar and a well, indicating that some of these houses have turned into commercial shops.

Knitting (such as rugs and wool), soap manufacturing, making and ironing of Tarboosh, were among the most famous industries in the market.

In 2008, a project was launched to restore some of the market’s features, but it stopped at the beginning of the crisis in Syria.

Eng. Suhail Dayoub, who supervises the implementation of the project to rehabilitate and revive the old municipality building and the adjacent square and alleys, shows that the main goal of the project is to preserve the historical reserve and the diverse architectural heritage that characterizes the city, as well as to revive handicrafts and traditional trades and create new investment opportunities in a way that contributes to the revitalization of the tourism movement..

Amal Farhat


Restoration of the Great Umayyad Mosque with local expertise and high accuracy

 Under the supervision of an engineering team of experts, specialists and with great attention to detail, workers were able to hone  the stone in the Great Umayyad Mosque and re-engrave it with the same holy verses and Islamic inscriptions as it was before one thousand and three hundred years in harmony with the creations of wooden decorations on the doors and arches as carpenters ingeniously interlock and inlay small pieces of wood to make unique panels  that tell the story of ancient civilization that  foreign-backed terrorism sought to destroy.

SANA quoted Dr. Saker Olabi, director of the mosque's maintenance and restoration project as saying that restoration work is going on elaborately where the minaret and the facades of the mosque’s courtyards are almost complete and the interior work is also almost finished as walls and pillars have been repaired along with ventilation, electricity, and lighting systems. The restoration and maintenance work has also been completed in the shrine of the Prophet Zakaria, stressing that work has already started in restoring the eastern part of the mosque which is interlinked with the antique souqs.

It is mentioned that the Great Umayyad Mosque in Aleppo, which was built in the 8th century AD, has witnessed previous restoration work that started in 1999 and ended with celebrating Aleppo as the capital of Islamic culture in 2006. Here again, it is being restored today, due to the devastation and destruction caused by the terrorist organizations who blew up its unique minaret, which led to its collapse.

On International Museum Day ... Syrian antiquities continue their virtual activities with the application of quarantine procedures

The celebration of the International Day of Museums began in 1977, with the 18th of May each year being designated as World Day for this occasion. The aim is highlighting the role of these centers in development, education and knowledge.

The World Council of Museums oversees the celebration of this day as an organization of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization "UNESCO" sees on this occasion an opportunity for museum professionals to communicate with the public and alert them to current challenges and strengthen the relationship between the museum and society, given that the museum in the modern era is no longer just a home to preserve historical, heritage and cultural treasures, but it has become a scientific center that contributes to the spread of knowledge, science and the definition of human heritage.

In light of what the world’s countries are witnessing from quarantine and preventive measures against the Corona virus, the initiative of the General Directorate of Antiquities and Museums to launch the Virtual Museum of Syrian Cultural Heritage came in response to the role of knowledge and development museums in society and to achieve the principle of spatial divergence to enhance response procedures.