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Ornina statue, one of the Mesopotamian artistic masterpieces that was unearthed in Mari

Damascus (ST):  Ornina statue, displayed in the National Museum in Damascus, is considered one of the masterpieces of ancient oriental arts. The 25.4 high and 13.5 cm wide statue dates back to 2600 BC and it was found in 1933 by the inhabitants of Mari archaeological city. 

 The statue is made of the alabaster ivory stone. Archaeologist Muna al-Moa’zen said that it is one of the Mesopotamian artistic works that was unearthed in one of the main temples of Mari. 

She added that the statue depicts the beauty of a singer whose name was inscribed in cuneiform writing, noting that this statue indicates the importance of singing and arts in the Amorite capital Mari.

K.Q.    

Syrian Russian proposal to the UNESCO to form scientific committee to renovate cultural sites in Palmyra

Moscow (ST): Director General of the Russian Hermitage Museum Mikhail Piotrovsky said that a number archaeologists from Syria and Russia, who are studying closely means of preserving Palmyra's archaeological sites, would send a proposal to the UNESCO to form a scientific committee to renovate important cultural sites in Palmyra.

During an international open debate organized by the national Hermitage Museum in cooperation with the Russian Academy for Sciences in Petersburg, Piotrovsky said : " We would ask UNESCO to form a scientific committee to reconstruct and revive Palmyra."   

Turkish occupation & its mercenary terrorists are partners in plundering,looting and destroying Syrian archaeological sites

Damascus (ST):  From the very  beginning of the terrorist war on Syria, Syrian archaeological sites have been subjected to plunder , theft and devastation in the areas where terrorists are stationed. No archaeological site was spared in those areas and illegal excavation works were conducted.The Turkish occupation soldiers were also involved, along with Da'esh terrorist organization in those ugly crimes which aim to distort Syria's colourful  history and rich civilization.

The Great Mosque of al-Nouri in Homs contains inscriptions dating back to the Roman era

Homs, (ST)-  The inscriptions in the Great Mosque of al-Nouri in Homs have been a great source of  interest to researchers and orientalists from the past and up to the present time. Constantine bin Khoury Daoud was the first to talk about them in his manuscript “The History of the City of Homs Al-Adiyya, Inside and Out” in 1862.

The Roman inscription, which is still in the mosque indicates that the site of the Great Mosque of Homs is the same as the Temple of the Sun.

Researcher Abdul-Hadi Al-Najjar considers that this controversy regarding the identity of this unique Roman inscription extends also to the remaining Islamic inscriptions in the mosque, all of which date back to the Mamluk period if we skip the contemporary writings on the platform and other places of the mosque.

He explained that the loss of the inscriptions that document the period between the Romans and the Mamluk is undoubtedly related to the great destruction that affected the mosque because of wars and earthquakes, especially the earthquake in 1169 AD, which caused extensive devastation which was followed by a comprehensive restoration process during Nour al-Din al-Zenki's rule in 1174.

Al-Najjar refers to the assumption made by the famous archaeologist William Waddington in 1894, that the Great Mosque in Homs was, in part, an ancient Christian church that contained the remains of a pagan temple. It is possible that this place was the site of the great temple of the sun, in which the high priest was the Roman Emperor Eljabalus, at the end of the first decade of the third century AD.

Waddington states his opinion, regarding Roman inscriptions, in his Encyclopedia of Greek and Latin Inscriptions in Syria, published in 1870. Henry Hayman, a professor of ancient Greek, also confirms that this inscription is related to the god of sun in Homs.

These opinions, according to Al-Najjar, include other inscriptions found in the mosque that date back to different historical periods, including a Greek inscription on the base of a column, another Kofi inscription , circular inscription on the mosque's niche, in addition to  multi-date inscriptions.

Amal Farhat

Recovered Syrian archeological treasures decorate Damascus National Museum halls marking Syrian Culture Days

Thousands of recovered Syrian antiquities and artifacts dating back to different historical eras are currently decorating the halls of Damascus National Museum within an exhibition held there marking the Syrian Culture Days Festivity.

The exhibits are part of the artifacts that were recovered by the Directorate of Antiquities and Museums thanks to the Syrian Arab Army after they were looted by terrorist organizations and antiquities thieves.  These pieces now returned to their original place to remind of Syria’s ancient and rich civilization.

The displayed items include antiquities dating back to different ancient Syrian eras in addition to some Palmyra Museum collections, which are under restoration at the Directorate of Antiquities and Museums. The exhibits also include dozens of paintings for prominent Syrian plastic artists obtained from the collections of the Modern Art Department.