When Syrian Students Create and Achieve Intellectual Excellence

(ST)-A large number of important creative projects in the field of IT, mechanic, electricity, electronics and communication have been displayed through the 6th Mechanical and Electrical Exhibition (MEE6) which has been recently held at the Central Library of Tishreen University in Lattakia.
Supervised by Professor Carlo Makdisi, Engineers Yazan Akram Fadel and Yousef Mohammed Mohammed have designed and applied a programmable device to aid the disabled people who lost neurological sensation in their lower part.
The Syria Times e-newspaper met members of the creative team and their supervisor, Prof. Makdisi, to know more about the project.
The idea of the project
Eng. Fadel said: " Our invention is an electromechanical (Mechatronics) device, designed for disabled and war wounded, who lost neurological sensation and the ability to move their lower parts. The device simulates the normal human movement, such as walking, standing, and sitting. The future development of the introduced device to simulate other movements such as running, and going up and down the stairs will be achieved if our invention received the required support.
The suggested device is applied directly to any person with the ability to decrease and increase the dimension according to the process of the patient growing up. In addition to the future developments that includes upgrading the device to demonstrating its movements via brain signals.
The device mechanism:
Eng. Fadel clarified: "This device is fixed on the lower part of the human body via belts, from the pelvic down to the tip of the leg.
The device consists of mechanical components, tied by the pelvic and knees. These mechanical components are manufactured of light metals such as Aluminum or Titanium (which are substituted by Carbonated fibers, or Graphene). These metal parts are driven by DC motors, connected to gearboxes with specified transfer ratio.
The electrical part configuration:
"The DC motors are selected with a rotation speed of 4200 R.P.M with driven current 0.08 A and the supply voltage is 24 V, all these selected parameters allow to use neglected resistance cables and small dry batteries, which lasts for many hours before the required recharging".
The electronic configuration:
Talking about the device electronic configuration, Eng. Mohammed explained: "All mentioned DC motors are driven via suitable drive circuits, the device can be controlled by Bluetooth, Wi-Fi and Joystick. And all the components are connected to a programmable microcontroller.
In case that our invention gained the required financial support, this device can be developed to simulate all the human movement by providing it with more accurate motors.
A complete prototype of this device is ready to be applied and fully functional on children in range of 16 up to 25 kg weight."
" We can challenge and do the most complicated if we have the required material and financial support. We are ready to make our inventions scream that we exist, we can keep abreast of the latest global technologies and achieve the complex and most difficult," Eng. Mohammed concluded.
Prof. Makdisi said: "Work in the humanitarian field and the assistance of people with special needs, especially war casualties, is of utmost importance and can be achieved in our country with national expertise and at a very low cost in order to integrate the users of this device with the community again. In fact, the cost of the invention is much lower than its experimental equivalent, which cost up to $ 90.000, while our creative students designed and applied the working prototype at their own expense, without any financial aid, the cost was less than a thousand dollars.
Hence, we must appeal to companies, institutions and ministries to provide the necessary support for such important projects that solve real problems in our country"
" The creative mind of the Syrians will not stop, Yazan Fadel and Yousef Mohammed are clear example of this creativity. Wait for further future projects by Syrian creative students who demonstrate the real potential of the Syrians to contribute to the renaissance of their country.
We only need support from the concerned public or private bodies, so that we can introduce our products to the local market and to the neighboring markets in the next step. We hope that this important project and other projects will receive the necessary attention and funding so that the energies of our youth and students can be transformed into real outputs that support the development and prosperity of Syria," Dr. Makdisi concluded

 Amal Farhat.


Notable Efforts by Education Ministry to Integrate Children with Special Needs into Regular Schools

"We believe that each child has the right to learn and that integrating children with special needs into regular schools is considered as an important step and an urgent need  in order to stimulate those children's mental and physical abilities” Mr. Shawqi Ghanem, coordinator of the process of integrating children with disabilities into schools at the Education Directorate of Lattakia province, said in an interview with the Syriatimes e-newspaper.

He indicated that the issue of integrating children with disabilities into schools is one of the most important and controversial topics in society.

Mr. Shawqi underscored that the process of integrating children with special needs into regular education process aims at confirming the principle of equal opportunities to all in education as well as at empowering those children and help them face their special education needs regardless their disabilities, talents, intelligence or socio-economic level.

"The Ministry of Education has laid the bases for the integration process through establishing the central integration team at the ministry and local integration teams at the education directorates of a number of Syrian provinces” Mr. Shawqi said.

A Forum for the Wounded of the Army from all the provinces in Wadi Al-Nadarah

Homs, (ST) - The team of "Lamat Ezz and Honor", (glory and honor gathering), has recently held a forum for the wounded of the Syrian Arab Army with the participation of more than 40 wounded from various Syrian governorates, including al-Sweida, Lattakia, Tartous, Homs, Damascus, Raqqa, Aleppo and Hama in the tourist resort of Al-Khair in Wadi Al-Nadarah area in the western countryside of Homs.
Lara Issa Al- Abbas, a member of the team and a teacher at Tartous University, said that the forum aims to gather the wounded from various Syrian governorates to communicate with each other and learn from their experiences, as well as, how to practice their lives naturally, especially with the presence of wounded people who have exceeded their wounds and injuries and excel in many areas especially in sports.
For his part, the wounded Hassan Abdan, reviewed the program of the forum and its various tourist, recreational and technical activities, pointing to the role of the Forum in helping the wounded to learn how to familiarize their selves with their wounds and overcome their injury.

For her part, D. Rania Hassan, a doctor at Tartous University and a volunteer in the service of the wounded of Syrian Arab Army since 2011, drew attention to the importance of this forum, which is the first of its kind in Syria, in providing psychological support to the wounded and communicating with each other, stressing the importance of organizing other meetings during the coming period.
The wounded Ebaa Bassel Azzam, from Sweida, stressed the importance of these events to keep the wounded in contact with each other by saying:" Holding such events prove to all that we are able to adapt to our injury and follow our lives naturally."

Amal Farhat


Ministry of Social Affairs Opens Center to Provide Support for Abused Women

Violence against women and girls is an important public issue which constitutes a form of discrimination and a devastating violation of women fundamental freedom and rights.

 With the aim of providing temporary residence center for women, who are subjected to violence, a center for abused women was opened recently in Lattakia province in cooperation between the Ministry of Social Affairs and Labor Ministry, Lattakia province, the United Nations Development Program ( UNDP) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).

Shedding light on the center, the Syriatimes e-newspaper interviewed Mr. Bashar Dandash, Director of Labor and Social Affairs in Lattakia.

"Women around the world are subjected to different forms of violence. Violence against women is a barrier to gender equality as well as women’s and girls’ empowerment and it impedes the achievement of the goals of sustainable development” Mr. Dadash said.

Tishreen Community Center in Aleppo to Offer over 25, 000 Services This Year

(ST) -Tishreen Community Center [Manara], which was established by the end of April 2018 in Aleppo after the center’s staff had worked in the field for more than 4 months to acquaint the needs of the community, plans to offer over 25000 services this year to the areas which are reachable by the center, according to Mr. Jean Mghamez, the Director of Aleppo Governorate’s Operations in Syria “Trust for Development”.

Mr. Mghamez made it clear that the main goal of the center- officially opened on March, 13, 2019-is to partner with people who want to build-up and bring positive change to their communities.

“It targets people of all ages and offers consultations that meet needs of the most needy groups [women and men],” he asserted, indicating that Manarat is community centers where are Syria Trust for Development’s activities intersect for the benefit of the communities it serves.

Walk for Autism in Lattakia Sends Message that More Care Should be Given to Children with Autism

LATTAKIA-The Annual Walk for Autism has been organized by the Autism Society in Lattakia Province in cooperation with the Syrian Trust for Development, Italian organization of human land and the Syrian Commission for Family Affairs, SANA reported.

The walk sought to convey a message that more care and attention should be given to the children with disabilities, particularly those who are suffering from autism disorder.

Autism is a complex neurobehavioral condition that includes impairments in social interaction and developmental language and communication skills combined with rigid, repetitive behaviors.

Because of the range of symptoms, this condition is now called Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). It covers a large spectrum of symptoms, skills, and levels of impairment.

ASD ranges in severity from a handicap that somewhat limits an otherwise normal life to a devastating disability that may require institutional care.

Civil Society Organizations' Relief and Development Work in Eastern Ghouta After Its Liberation from Terrorism

Civil Society Organizations operating in Syria have exerted tireless efforts and worked hard on ground in cooperation with the Syrian government’s establishments to meet citizens’ different needs and raise their awareness about the big challenges and difficulties Syria has been facing over the years of the terrorist war imposed on the country.

These organizations have been active in Syria's Eastern Ghouta since its liberation from terrorism by the Syrian Arab army a year ago to help the local community there restore normal and decent  life. They have been carrying out a number of relief activities and development programs in coordination with the Labor and Social Affairs Directorate of Damascus countryside. Such programs, which targeted different age categories, focused on relief work, support for micro-sized projects, vocational training, social protection and awareness campaigns.

"Various services have been provided by civil society organizations to citizens of Al-Ghouta. Psychological support programs and entertainment activities were carried out to help the children of Ghouta overcome the fear and anxiety they have suffered for years due to the terrorist groups’ crimes which also prevented them from their basic rights to play and learn”, Mrs. Fatima Al-Rasheed , Director of the Labor and Social Affairs Directorate in Damascus countryside told SANA correspondent .