Rattlesnake VENOM could hold the key to fighting antibiotic-resistant superbugs

A compound found in rattlesnake venom has the potential to replace conventional antibiotics, according to a new study.

The research claims that the animals might be the answer to growing concerns about antibiotic resistance and the scarcity of antibiotics in development , according to Daily Mail.

The researchers explained how the venom works without damaging healthy cells.

The enemy within: Gut bacteria drive autoimmune disease

Bacteria found in the small intestines of mice and humans can travel to other organs and trigger an autoimmune response. The researchers also found that the autoimmune reaction can be suppressed with an antibiotic or vaccine designed to target the bacteria, they said, according to Science Daily.

The findings, suggest promising new approaches for treating chronic autoimmune conditions, including systemic lupus and autoimmune liver disease, the researchers said.

Human brain TRIPLED in size

gradually over three million years as we developed culture, language, and the ability to make tools

The evolution of the human brain may have occurred far more gradually than previously believed, according to Daily Mail.

A new study on nearly 100 fossils from several different human species has found that brain size tripled over the course of the last three million years, in a process that was likely slow and consistent, as opposed to a series of 'step-like increases.'

New structure discovered in human sperm tails

A highly effective tail is needed in order for a sperm to be able to swim, and for a baby to be conceived. By using cryo-electron tomography, researchers have identified a completely new nanostructure inside sperm tails, according to Science Daily.

Human sperms are incredibly important for our reproduction. It would therefore be easy to assume that we have detailed knowledge of their appearance. However, an international team of researchers has now identified a completely new nanostructure inside sperm tails, thanks to the use of cryo-electron tomography.

"Since the cells are depicted frozen in ice, without the addition of chemicals which can obscure the smallest cell structures, even individual proteins inside the cell can be observed" explains Johanna Höög.

Water may be widespread on the moon after all

Water on the moon is widespread across its surface and appears to be present at all times of the lunar day, according to a new analysis of two lunar missions.

The new evidence contradicts previous research suggesting water was confined to certain areas and depended on lunar days. “We find that it doesn’t matter what time of day or which latitude we look at, the signal indicating water always seems to be present,” said Joshua Bandfield, a senior research scientist with the Space Science Institute in Boulder, Colorado, according to RT.