Fossil sheds light on 'Jurassic Park' dinosaurs

The fossil of a dinosaur that has been languishing in a museum for decades has been re-examined - and it turns out to be that of a new species. According to BBC

Brachiosaurus, depicted in Jurassic Park, now has an early relative, providing clues to the evolution of some of the biggest creatures on Earth.

Scientists say the plant-eating dinosaur was longer than a double-decker bus and weighed 15,000kg.

Its remains were found in the 1930s.

Since then it has been somewhat over-looked, spending most of that time in storage crates.

Lead researcher Dr Philip Mannion said the dinosaur would have eaten all kinds of vegetation, such as ferns and conifers, and lived at a time when Europe was a series of islands.

What's coming next? Scientists identify how the brain predicts speech

An international collaboration of neuroscientists has shed light on how the brain helps us to predict what is coming next in speech. According to Science daily

In the study, scientists, report that they have discovered mechanisms in the brain's auditory cortex involved in processing speech and predicting upcoming words, which is essentially unchanged throughout evolution. Their research reveals how individual neurons coordinate with neural populations to anticipate events, a process that is impaired in many neurological and psychiatric disorders such as dyslexia, schizophrenia and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

Physics of throwing analysed by scientists

Scientists have calculated the optimal strategy for throwing something accurately - whether it's a dart or a crumpled-up piece of paper. According to BBC

Researchers say the slow-is-more-accurate rule generally applies.

In a series of calculations, they looked at the physics behind releasing a projectile with the human arm.

Their equations suggest a slow underarm throw is the best strategy for getting a piece of paper into a nearby bin.

Lead researcher Madhusudhan Venkadesan, assistant professor of mechanical engineering and materials science, said faster throws tend to be less accurate.

Most habitable planets will be dominated by WATER that spans over 90% of their surface

When it comes to exploring exoplanets, astronauts may be wise to make sure their spacesuits are waterproof. According to Daily mail

A new study has predicted that most habitable planets will be dominated by oceans that span over 90 per cent of their surface.

Researchers believe that the findings could provide clues to why we evolved on Earth, and not on one of the billions of other habitable worlds.

Early dinosaur relative walked like a croc

One of the earliest relatives of dinosaurs had some features we associate today with crocodiles and alligators, a study suggests. According to BBC

Many palaeontologists have wondered what the earliest dinosaur relatives looked like, as the fossil record in this time period is sparse.

Some assumed they walked on two legs, looking a bit like miniature dinosaurs.

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