Virtual reality reduces phantom pain in paraplegics

In breakthrough research led by neuroscientist Olaf Blanke and his team, the scientists show that phantom body pain can be reduced in paraplegics by creating a bodily illusion with the help of virtual reality, according to Science Daily.

"We managed to provoke an illusion: the illusion that the subject's legs were being lightly tapped, when in fact the subject was actually being tapped on the back, above the spinal cord lesion," explains Blanke, lead author of the study. "When we did this, the subjects also reported that their pain had diminished."

Chimpanzees among 33 breeds selected for special protection

A UN-backed wildlife conference held in the Philippines has voted for additional protections for a list of 33 endangered species including chimpanzees, leopards and giraffes.

Whale sharks, the world's largest fish, were also included on the list, according to BBC.

The six-day long Convention of Migratory Species (CMS), demanding better protections for species that cross country borders.

'Ugly' 16ft-long dinosaur is found with terrifying 2.5-inch teeth

An 'ugly' dinosaur with huge scissor-style teeth that roamed 80 million years ago has been discovered by scientists.

The plant eater - which grew to more than 16 feet long - had an unusually short face with powerful jaws that enabled it to snack on tough riverside palm trees, according to Daily Mail.

Its two-and-a-half inch teeth worked 'like a pair of scissors' as it chewed the hard foliage, before swallowing.

Named Matheronodon provincialis, its jaw-bone and seven teeth were unearthed.

It is the latest in a diverse range of dinosaurs to be dug up - along with pterosaurs, prehistoric sharks, crocodiles and turtles.

Martian landscapes formed from sand 'levitating' on a little boiling water

Scientists have discovered a process that could explain the long-debated mystery of how land features on Mars are formed in the absence of significant amounts of water.

Experiments carried out, which is able to simulate the atmospheric conditions on Mars -- reveal that Mars' thin atmosphere (about 7 mbar -- compared to 1,000 mbar on Earth) combined with periods of relatively warm surface temperatures causes water flowing on the surface to violently boil. This process can then move large amounts of sand and other sediment, which effectively 'levitates' on the boiling water, according to Science Daily.

'Bandit-masked' feathered dinosaur hid from predators using multiple types of camouflage

Researchers have revealed how a small feathered dinosaur used its colour patterning, including a bandit mask-like stripe across its eyes, to avoid being detected by its predators and prey.

By reconstructing the likely colour patterning of the Chinese dinosaur Sinosauropteryx, researchers have shown that it had multiple types of camouflage which likely helped it to avoid being eaten in a world full of larger meat-eating dinosaurs, including relatives of the infamous Tyrannosaurus Rex, as well as potentially allowing it to sneak up more easily on its own prey according to Science daily .

Fiann Smithwick led the work. He said: "Far from all being the lumbering prehistoric grey beasts of past children's books, at least some dinosaurs showed sophisticated colour patterns to hide from and confuse predators, just like today's animals.

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