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Awamat: Crisp donuts balls

Awamat is a dessert that dates back to the early medieval period and the 13th-century Abbasid Caliphate, where it is mentioned in several of the existent cookery books of that time. It is also mentioned in the One Thousand and One Nights, in the story of The Porter and the Three Ladies of Baghdad.

Awamat is Syrian fried sweet dough that is known as luqma and is pastries made of leavened and fried dough, yeast, soaked in syrup or honey, sometimes coated with cinnamon or other ingredients.

In the Levant, they are called awameh and in Egypt zalabya.

These crisp balls, called awamat, are coated in simple syrup and are the perfect dessert for any occasion such as weddings, business events, house parties, and even funerals.


If you walk into any bakery in Damascus in the morning, you will be enchanted by the smell of "Marouk" _these beautiful date filled bread rings still warm out of the oven. Freshly baked bread alone smells wonderful but it is the added cloud of spices that makes the scent irresistible. This sweet bread is flavored with mahleb, fennel, aniseed, and cumin, topped with sesame seeds and black seeds.

Marouk is quite popular all year long, but it is especially famous during Ramadan.


For the dough

1- 4 and 1/2 cups flour

2- 1/2 teaspoon mahleb

3- 1 tablespoon instant yeast

4- 1/2 cup sugar


kofta is a dish of meatballs or meatloaf  found in the Indian subcontinent, South Caucasian, Middle Eastern, Balkan, and Central Asian cuisines.

In the Indian subcontinent and the Middle East, kofta is usually made from lamb, beef, mutton or chicken, and served cooked in a spicy curry sauce or gravy .It is eaten with boiled rice or a variety of Indian breads. In India also kofta can be vegetarian or non-vegetarian.

 In Greek, Cypriot, and Balkan kofta may be cooked with pork, beef, lamb, or a mixture of the three.

Potato Mufarakeh

Mufarakeh is one of the generic names of various vegetable dishes.  Some dishes are vegetarian like Mufaraket Kusa (courgettes mufarakeh), some use eggs, and some are cooked with ground meat. The only common factor is the simplicity of these dishes. They are usually easy to make, quick, simple.

The word Mufarakeh could be roughly translated to Rubbed or Massaged.

Potato Mufarakeh is a simple dish of potatoes, onions and minced meat. Traditionally the potato is cut into small cubes, fried and cooked with the meat in a pot. The result is a yummy dish but not great looking.


Manakish or mu‘ajjanāt ('pastry') is a popular food in Syria and is almost the equivalent of the Middle Eastern homemade flatbread pizzas.

Manakish is specific to Lebanon.  It was a key component in the Lebanese breakfast during the civil war. 

The word Manakish is rooted in the Arabic verb naqash, which literally means to sculpt, or carve out.

Manakish is made from smaller portions of dough left over from daily baking. Classic Manakish are typically with one of three toppings: minced lamb, cheese, or a mixture of za’atar spice(thyme) and olive oil.