Tobacco: The original habitat and areas of deployment

Tobacco cultivation is one of the most important pillars in any national economy. Countries cultivate this type of plant because of its great support to their local economy.

Historically speaking, tobacco was used for the first time by Mayas tribesmen who transferred it to northern America Indigenous people, using it in their religious rituals, and named it YETL. in 1492, Christopher Columbus discovered tobacco in America. It was spread in most countries of the world through the Spanish and Portuguese. Tobacco reached China, Japan and West Africa in the second half of the 16th century, whereas It extended to all parts of the world during the 17th  century.

Therapy by Tobacco

Before Europeans arrival to Central and Southern America, genuine inhabitants were healing head and chest pains by tobacco, believing that it could heal from all pains. Moreover, when tobacco  reached  Europe, Asia and Africa; the  belief about its curing effects extended to those countries. Consequently, they also used tobacco  for medical purposes .
In Spain, it was believed that tobacco is a magical plant that cures all diseases. They used tobacco's leaves in medical treatment. 

In Arab world, therapy by  tobacco dates back to the early 10th hijri. Some showing enthusiasm for tobacco’s therapeutic properties, wrote many books about its benefits, claiming that it may cure many diseases and boost defense strength. Whereas facts shows the opposite, tobacco does not cure diseases, more over it is a principle cause in many of them, it even accelerates man’s end.

Tobacco is grown in different environments in 120 countries. The best Tobacco comes from the United States, China and the Mediterranean basin countries. In 1999,  tobacco planted surface reached  4.606 million hectares in the world, 45 thousand hectares of which  are planted in the Arab world, 15 thousand hectares of them are in Syria. The global tobacco production achieved  7.085 million tons during that year; 61 thousand tons of which were in the Arab world and the other 23 thousand tons were achieved in Syria scoring the first place in the Arab world in tobacco cultivation and production.

 

Tobacco Cultivation in Syria

Tobacco cultivation is one of the strategic crops in Syria since it employs a large numbers of peasants and farmers, as well as  providing national factories with the best kinds of tobacco. It also contributes significantly in meeting the local and neighboring countries market needs.  Syrian tobacco enjoys high quality features that ensured a good reputation abroad and snatches the international ISO certification for 2003.

It is known that the Syrian coastal villages are the places for tobacco cultivation.

Over three centuries Lattakia  was known for the cultivating, manufacturing and exporting tobacco to all parts of the world. Currently, it is branded in Europe and America as "Lattakia tobacco".

However, recently lack of tobacco cultivation has been noted, since most villages growing tobacco turned to plant their lands with other crops that  do not need a big effort. 
"Those plants reduce effort and fatigue for farmers yet yielding more;  unlike tobacco cultivation, which demands several stages starting from planting the seedlings then picking and arranging them in a step to be exposed to the sun and eventually placing them in canvas bags. Besides the price of tobacco which is  always disappointing and not equal to the exerted efforts." one of the farmers said.

Amal Farhat

 

A Czech Singer of Syrian Extraction Sings for Syria

Samer Issa,  a Czech singer of Syrian origin released  a new song  entitled "Syria" at a special ceremony In the Czech capital Prague. Samer sang  to express solidarity with his native country Syria which is being exposed to a global war.

Samer Issa, born to a Syrian father and Czech mother, said that he will donate half of his revenue from the song as a contribution for rebuilding schools and other establishments which sustained damage in Syria.

He clarified  in an interview with a Czech e- sight that he likes his country Czech , but he never forgets his roots of his homeland Syria, adding that he feels an excruciating pain when he sees the people in Syria Suffer from war.

It is worth mentioning that shooting the song was conducted  in the Tunisian desert.

N.H.Kider

Ramjit Raghav aged 96 has become a father

An Indian man has become the world’s oldest father for the second time at the age of 96.

Ramjit Raghav was awarded the title two years ago when he had his first born son Karamjit aged 94.

Although he swore one was enough, the pensioner and his wife Shakuntala, 54, welcomed another son Ranjit, last month.

Speaking at his home in the state of Haryana, near Delhi, Mr Raghav said: "What can I do? This is all God's wish. He wanted me to have another son."

Mr Raghav told The Times of India that he had remained a bachelor and practiced celibacy throughout his life until he met Shakuntala about 10 years ago.

"After staying together, we decided to extend our family and aspired for two sons. With God's grace, our wish has been fulfilled."

Source: daily mail

B.N

Boy for Prince William and wife Kate

Prince William's wife Kate gave birth to a boy on Monday, the couple's first child and the third in line to the British throne, heralding celebrations in London and messages of goodwill from across the world.

"We could not be happier," Prince William said in a brief statement, after he witnessed the birth of his son at 4:24 p.m. (11:24 a.m. ET), an event that sparked an international media frenzy and the illumination of London landmarks in blue.

His office said Kate and the baby, weighing 8 lbs 6 oz (3.8 kg) and to be publicly named at a later date, were both doing well and would stay in hospital overnight.

Prince William phoned his grandmother the queen to give her the news, and also contacted his father Prince Charles and brother Prince Harry, all of whom were said to be delighted. The addition to the family is third in line to the throne after Prince Charles and William.

It might take some time for the name to emerge however. The announcement of William's name took more than a week, but bookmakers make George the favorite, followed by James.

As the birth of the queen's third great-grandchild was announced, a loud cheer went up from the well-wishers and media gathered outside St. Mary's Hospital in west London, where William was also born to the late Princess Diana in 1982.

"It is an incredibly special moment for William and Catherine and we are so thrilled for them on the birth of their baby boy," said Prince Charles, the heir to the throne.

Within minutes, messages of congratulations began flooding in, while crowds gathered outside the queen's London residence Buckingham Palace where an official notice was placed on a gold-colored easel at the main gates.

Source: Reuters

B.N

 

Kangaroo care saves baby

They call it the kangaroo hug - cradling a new-born baby close to the body, raising its body temperature faster and better than any incubator, and 90 per cent effective in restoring body temperature to premature babies. But what about the mother whose loving cuddle of her dead baby brought him back to life?

Australia. The name of the mother is Kate Ogg, who had twin babies born prematurely at 27 weeks - first Emily, who survived and then after three hours of labour, Jamie who was still-born and after 20 minutes of struggling to get him to breathe, the doctors pronounced him dead. They then handed Jamie to his mother, wrapped in a blanket, for her to say goodbye.

Kate Ogg took the child from the blanket and held him close to her breast for two hours, cuddling him, speaking to him, touching him..., telling him his name, that he had a baby sister and telling him all the plans they had for him for his life... and then the baby started to move and breathe. The first gasp of breath was brushed off by doctors as a reflex action... then the mother gave him some milk from her breast on her finger. Jamie began breathing normally, opened his eyes and reached out for her finger with his hand.

Today, Jamie is five months old and has recovered totally, living at home with his parents and his twin sister. The mother appeared on Australian TV and wished to highlight what is known as the skin-to-skin method to revive sick babies, even those who appear to have been still-born, cuddling the baby with its head on the mother's arm and breast-feeding.

This traditional method has been shown to have far better recovery rates than whisking newborn babies off to hospital incubators. The statistics win 90 per cent to 60 per cent and the kangaroo care, skin-to-skin method, keeping the baby close to the mother's body like the kangaroo baby in the marsupial pouch, keeps the baby fed, organizes stimuli and aids circulation and regulates the body temperature.

The result, according to researchers, produces a reduced risk of hypothermia, a reduced incidence of infection, a reduced incidence of severe illness and better sleep patterns for newborn babies, and especially for infants born prematurely.

Source: pravda

B.N