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Female smoking death risk 'has soared'

Women smoking nowadays are far more likely to die as a result of their habit than they were in the 1960s, according to a new study.

Changing habits such as starting earlier and smoking more cigarettes have been blamed for the dramatically increased risks of lung cancer.

The trends, reported in the New England Journal of Medicine, show death rates in women have caught up with men.

The study looked at data from more than two million women in the US.

The first generation of women smokers started during the 1950s and 60s. In those early years, women who smoked were nearly three times more likely to die from lung cancer as people who had never smoked,according to BBC.

Looking at medical records from women between 2000-2010 showed they were 25 times more likely to die from lung cancer than their non-smoking friends.

It follows a similar pattern in men, who reached a similar level in the 1980s.

Lead researcher Dr Michael Thun said: "The steep increase in risk among female smokers has continued for decades after the serious health risks from smoking were well established, and despite the fact that women predominantly smoked cigarette brands marketed as lower in 'tar' and nicotine.

"So not only did the use of cigarette brands marketed as 'Light' and 'Mild' fail to prevent a large increase in risk in women, it also may have exacerbated the increase in deaths from chronic obstructive lung disease in male smokers, since the diluted smoke from these cigarettes is inhaled more deeply into the lungs of smokers to maintain the accustomed absorption of nicotine."

Research published last year suggested that lifelong female smokers died a decade earlier than those who never started.

However, those who gave up by the age of 30 almost completely avoided the risks of dying early from tobacco-related diseases with those stopping by 40 died a year younger.

Speaking after that study, Prof Sir Richard Peto, at Oxford University, said "If women smoke like men, they die like men."

R.Sawas

The Effects of Perfume on Men and Women

Body Oils, lotions and perfumes have been used  as far back as Greek and Roman era when well-off citizens could come up with the money for massages and baths in such pleasant odor. Athletes used them to remedy their muscles prior to and subsequent to competing. The same essential oils and lotions are still used to remedy muscle tension and ease the shock that comes with sporting injuries.  Massaging body oils into muscles following exercise can disperse  the buildup  of toxins, and disperse  lactic acid.  Many men and women use them for relaxing massages,according to Homebased business advisor.

Fragrance oils have a sizable effect on our mental state and on our total body. Our sense  of smell is the single sense that  completely wired to the limbic system, our emotion  control centre and has a uninterrupted effect on it. Other senses like touch or sight, conversely, involve a lot of ‘processing’  and decoding all through the brain, before they can be understood  and bring forth a reply. This straight brain bond means fragrances have the capability to tap into our memories and influence our moods, feelings, emotions and even our mental functioning. For example, if brussel sprouts caused an inopportune gastric mishap at the Christmas dinner table when you were five, chances are the mere scent  of the vegetable will cause you to feel uncomfortable as an adult. Both men and women most commonly feel relaxed and enjoy  the presence  of scent oils. The assortment of usage is varied and includes body oils, lotions, perfume oil, shower gels etc.. Have you ever noticed how the slightest sniff of your earliest love’s scent can instantly  evoke crystal-clear memories from your past? With a memory  aptitude of somewhere between 2000 to 5000 aromas in any one individual being, its incredibly simple  to tap into someone’s subconscious  memory  with a simple scent  and bring to existence the total illustration of that innocent  love with the cute teenager when you were thirteen. 

Most commonly  women’s response on aroma oils is emotionally connected  and they are curtain in the same second whether they like the smell or not, where as to men it can have a significant array of effects depending on the personal  characteristics. A number of men like sharp and hard smells where other enjoy  a bit  more lighter smell, some  find it relaxing where others just decide whether it suits their character  or not.

Further more aroma oils are used almost in any part of the cosmetics industry, separated or mixed with other components, they are used in the creation of, Body oil, shower gels, cologne, body sprays etc.

R.S

Why Yoga Exercise is Good For You

Yoga books tell us that Yoga, as we all know, is aimed to unite the mind, the body, and the spirit. Yogis view that the mind and the body are one, and that if it is given the right yoga kit and tools and taken to the right environment, it can find harmony and heal itself. Yoga therefore is considered therapeutic. It helps you become more aware of your body's posture, alignment and patterns of movement.

It makes the body more flexible and helps you relax even in the midst of a stress stricken environment. This is one of the foremost reasons why people want to start Practicing Yoga - to feel fitter, be more energetic, and be happier and peaceful.

Yoga is a science that has been practiced for thousands of years. It is consists of Ancient Theories, observations and principles about the mind and body connection which is now being proven by modern medicine. Substantial research has been conducted to look at the Health Benefits of Yoga - from the Yoga Postures (Asanas), Yoga Breathing (Pranayama), and Meditation. The information on Yoga Poses & Benefits are grouped into three categories-physiological, psychological, biochemical effects. Furthermore, scientists have laid these results against the benefits of regular exercise.

 

Some of Physiological Benefits of Yoga:

■ Stable autonomic nervous system equilibrium

 ■ Pulse rate decreases

■ Respiratory rate decreases

■ Blood Pressure decreases (of special significance for hyporeactors)

■ Galvanic Skin Response (GSR) increases

■ EEG - alpha waves increase (theta, delta, and beta waves also increase during various stages of meditation)

■ Gastrointestinal function normalizes

■ Endocrine function normalizes

■ Breath-holding time increases

■ Eye-hand coordination improves

 ■ Reaction time improves

■ Posture improves

■ Energy level increases

■ Weight normalizes

■ Sleep improves

■ Immunity increases

■ Pain decreases

Psychological Benefits of Yoga:

 ■ Somatic and kinesthetic awareness increase

■ Mood improves and subjective well-being increases

■ Self-acceptance and self-actualization increase

■ Social adjustment increases

■ Anxiety and Depression decrease

■ Hostility decreases

■ Concentration improves

 ■ Memory improves

 ■ Attention improves

 ■ Learning efficiency improves

■ Mood improves

 ■ Social skills increases

■ Self-acceptance increase

■ Memory improves

■ Learning efficiency improves

■ Depth perception improves

Some of Biochemical Benefits of Yoga:

■ Glucose decreases

■ Sodium decreases

■ Total cholesterol decreases

■ Triglycerides decrease

■ HDL cholesterol increases

■ LDL cholesterol decreases

■ VLDL cholesterol decreases

■ Cholinesterase increases

■ Catecholamines decrease

■ Hematocrit increases

■ Hemoglobin increases

■ Total white blood cell count decreases

■ Thyroxin increases

■ Vitamin C increases

Source: www.cyberastro.com

Compiled by: Raghda Sawas

Strawberries, nutritional powerhouse

Everyone knows that strawberries are delicious. However, did you know just what a nutritional powerhouse they are? Here are eight reasons to include strawberries in your diet.

Diet

One cup of strawberries contains over 13% of the RDA of dietary fiber, yet only 43 calories. The dietary fiber in strawberries helps to keep digestion regular, as well as lowers blood pressure and curbs overeating.

Antioxidants

Strawberries contain a chemical compound called phenols. Anthocyanin, a particular phenol abundantly found in strawberries, lends the rich red color to the fruit. Though anthocyanin is known to have antioxidant properties within the fruit, it is debated as to whether the antioxidant agents in anthocyanin-rich foods can be absorbed into the body once digested. Fortunately, however, it is known that when anthocyanin-rich foods are consumed, the body's uric acid levels increase, which serves as an antioxidant agent.

Anti-Inflammatory

The phenols in strawberries also fight against many inflammatory disorders, such as osteoarthritis, asthma and atherosclerosis, by inhibiting the enzyme cyclooxygenase (COX) in the same way that the drugs aspirin and ibuprofen do. Strawberries, however, do not carry unwanted side effects like stomach and intestinal bleeding.

Anti-Cancer

The combination of antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agents found in strawberries is well-known to fight against the onset of many different forms of cancer. Thanks to the vitamin C, folate, and the flavonoids quercetin and kaempferol that they also contain, strawberries are a delicious defense against potentially cancerous cells.

Healthy Eyes

The Archives of Opthalmology recently published a study in which three or more servings of strawberries (and other fruits) per day can decrease the possibility of contracting age-related macular degeneration by over one-third.

The Vigorous Vitamin C

One cup of strawberries contains an incredible 136% of the RDA of vitamin C, an effective antioxidant that can help lower blood pressure, ensure a healthy immune system, and ward off the development of age-related ocular diseases, such as cataracts and macular degeneration.

Magnificent Manganese

One cup of strawberries contains 21% of manganese, an essential nutrient that acts as a powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent. By increasing the levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), the enzyme responsible for protecting mitochonrdria exposed to oxygen, manganese not only helps to fight the battle against free radicals and oxidative stress, but also lessens cellular inflammation -- another cause of numerous cardiovascular diseases.

Bone Health

Manganese is also great for the bones, helping in bone building and maintaining proper bone structure. The potassium, vitamin K, and magnesium in strawberries are also important for bone health.

Source:Healthdiaries

Compiled by: Raghda Sawas

Australian scientists discover mystery of insulin

 

 

 

CANBERRA,  Australian scientists have discovered the exact way the body handles insulin and that could lead to more efficient and much more convenient treatments, said the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute in Melbourne on Thursday.

According to Xinhua News Agency, a research team, led by the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute ( WEHI), worked with international researchers from the United States, the United Kingdom and Prague on the study.

They have discovered how molecules of insulin bind to a protein on the cells of the body, process that scientists have been trying to solve for two decades. The study was published today in the journal Nature.

The scientists said in a statement from WEHI they were excited to reveal for the first time a three-dimensional view of insulin bound to its receptor. About one million Australians have diabetes with around 100,000 new diagnoses each year. This discovery could spell the end of daily injections for hundreds of thousands of Australians.

Associate Professor Mike Lawrence, one of the research team leader, said the research is a key development in piecing together the puzzle of insulin, and will have practical implications in the design of new types of medication.

"Understanding how insulin interacts with the insulin receptor is fundamental to the development of novel insulins for the treatment of diabetes," he said in a statement.

"Until now we have not been able to see how these molecules interact with cells. We can now exploit this knowledge to design new insulin medications with improved properties, which is very exciting."He said.

B.N