Treating high blood pressure, cutting down on salt and getting rid of trans fats

Treating high blood pressure and cutting down on salt and trans fats could prevent nearly 100million premature deaths globally, experts have said.

The three interventions could slash the numbers of people losing their lives early to cardiovascular disease (CVD) over the next 20 years, according to Daily Mail.

Salt and trans fats found in processed foods such as cakes both contribute to high blood pressure, a major risk factor for CVD.

Researchers estimated that treating 70 per cent of the population for blood pressure would save 39.4million people.

Even One Extra Walk a Day May Make a Big Difference

How many steps should people take every day for good health?

A new study of activity and mortality in older women finds that the total could be lower than many of us expect and that even small increases in steps can be meaningful. The study also side-eyes the validity, utility and origin of the common 10,000-step-a-day exercise goals built into so many of our phones and activity monitors and suggests, instead, that any moving, whether or not it counts as exercise, may help to extend people’s lives.

'Pumping heart patch' ready for human use

A "pumping" patch containing millions of living, beating stem cells could help repair the damage caused by a heart attack, according to researchers.

Sewn on to the heart, the 3cm (1in) by 2cm patch, grown in a lab from a sample of the patient's own cells, then turns itself into healthy working muscle, according to BBC.

It also releases chemicals that repair and regenerate existing heart cells.

Tests in rabbits show it appears safe, Imperial College London experts told a leading heart conference in Manchester.

GM fungus rapidly kills 99% of malaria mosquitoes

A fungus - genetically enhanced to produce spider toxin - can rapidly kill huge numbers of the mosquitoes that spread malaria, a study suggests.

Trials, which took place in Burkina Faso, showed mosquito populations collapsed by 99% within 45 days, according to BBC.

The researchers say their aim is not to make the insects extinct but to help stop the spread of malaria.

The disease, which is spread when female mosquitoes drink blood, kills more than 400,000 people per year.

Almost one in three men have weak bones and are at risk of osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is typically thought of as a concern for post-menopausal women.

But according to a small new study, a surprisingly high number of young and middle-aged men are at risk of developing the condition, according to Daily Mail.

Scientists say that nearly one in three men between ages 35 and 50 have osteopenia, a condition that causes weak bones and is a precursor to osteoporosis.

The team, from the University of Mississippi, says the findings show that doctors need to be scanning and monitoring adults from a younger age as well as for more education and awareness in children of their risk.

Fractures, particularly of the hip, can have serious consequences. Complications of a hip fracture lead to permanent disability rates of 50 percent.