Newborn babies have inbuilt ability to pick out words

Newborn babies are born with the innate skills needed to pick out words from language, according to Science Daily.

Before infants can learn words, they must identify those words in continuous speech. Yet, the speech signal lacks obvious boundary markers, which poses a potential problem for language acquisition.

Studies have found that by the middle of the first year, infants seem to have solved this problem, but it is unknown if segmentation abilities are present from birth, or if they only emerge after sufficient language exposure and/or brain maturation.

Children looking at screens in darkness before bedtime are at risk of poor sleep

Pre-teens who use a mobile phone or watch TV in the dark an hour before bed are at risk of not getting enough sleep compared to those who use these devices in a lit room or do not use them at all before bedtime ,according to Science Daily .

The study by researchers from the University of Lincoln, Imperial College London, Birkbeck, University of London and the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute in Basel, Switzerland is the first to analyse the pre-sleep use of media devices with screens alongside the impact of room lighting conditions on sleep in pre-teens.

Fried food linked to heightened risk of early death among older women

Regularly eating fried food is linked with a heightened risk of death from any cause and heart-related death, among postmenopausal women, finds a US study in The BMJ today.

Foods such as fried chicken and fried fish/shellfish were associated with a higher risk of heart-related death, particularly among younger women in the study (aged 50-65 years old).

The researchers suggest that reducing consumption of fried foods, especially fried chicken and fried fish/shellfish, could have a positive public health impact, according to Science Daily.

Heart disease may begin in the WOMB: The children of pregnant women with pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes or a smoking habit are more at risk of the condition in later life

Heart disease may begin in the womb, research suggests.

A study by Cambridge University found that adults who suffered chronic hypoxia - low oxygen - in the womb are more likely to show red flags for the condition, like high blood pressure or stiff arteries, according to Daily Mail.

Chronic hypoxia is the most common side effect of pregnancy complications, such as pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes or just the expectant mother smoking.

The study was led by Professor Dino Giussani, from the department of physiology, development and neuroscience.

Physically weak and frail older people are at greater risk of getting dementia

Frail older people are at greater risk of getting dementia, even when their brains are relatively healthy.
 
Becoming frail in later life may make people more vulnerable to even the slightest brain changes that cause Alzheimer's disease, according to Daily Mail.

A study of more than 450 older people found the most frail were most in danger of the memory-robbing disease.

Those with low levels of the proteins which build up in the brain and cause dementia are the lucky ones who should be spared from the disease.