Children Who Sleep an Hour Less at Higher Risk of Type 2 Diabetes, Says Study

A study has found that children who slept on average one hour less a night had higher risk factors for type 2 diabetes, including higher levels of blood glucose and insulin resistance.

The NHS Choices recommended sleep duration for a 10 year old is 10 hours and so a child getting just one hour less has a higher risk, say researchers, according to Science Daily.

Professor Christopher G Owen, who led the research, said: "These findings suggest increasing sleep duration could offer a simple approach to reducing levels of body fat and type 2 diabetes risks from early life.

'Fat but fit' still risk heart disease

People who are overweight or obese are at increased risk of heart disease even if they appear medically healthy, experts are warning.

The work, in the European Heart Journal, is further evidence against the idea people can be "fat but fit".

The researchers studied health data on more than half a million people in 10 European countries, including the UK, according to BBC.

Normal blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar levels were no assurance of good heart health among obese people.

Walnuts May Promote Health by changing Gut Bacteria

Research led by Lauri Byerley, PhD, RD, has found that walnuts in the diet change the makeup of bacteria in the gut, which suggests a new way walnuts may contribute to better health, according to Science Daily.

"Walnuts have been called a 'superfood' because they are rich in the omega-3 fatty acid, alpha-linoleic acid and fiber, and they contain one of the highest concentrations of antioxidants," notes Dr. Byerley. "Now, an additional superfood benefit of walnuts may be their beneficial changes to the gut microbiota."

Drinking Reduces Diabetes Risk

People who drink three to four times a week are less likely to develop type 2 diabetes than those who never drink, Danish researchers suggest.

Wine appears to be particularly beneficial, probably as it plays a role in helping to manage blood sugar, the study

They surveyed more than 70,000 people on their alcohol intake - how much and how often they drank, according to BBC.

But experts said this wasn't a "green light" to drink more than recommended.

And Public Health England warned that consuming alcohol contributed to a vast number of other serious diseases, including some cancers, heart and liver disease.

New Surgical Strategy Offers Hope for Repairing Spinal Injuries

Scientists previously developed a new surgical technique to reconnect sensory neurons to the spinal cord after traumatic spinal injuries. Now, they have gained new insight into how the technique works at a cellular level by recreating it in rats with implications for designing new therapies for injuries where the spinal cord itself is severed.

The brain and the neurons (nerve cells) in the rest of our body are connected in the spine. Here, motor neurons, which control muscle movement, and sensory neurons, which relay sensory information such as pain, temperature and touch, connect with the spinal cord, according to Science Daily.