Eye tests for Drivers should be compulsory

Drivers should have compulsory eye tests every 10 years, the Association of Optometrists has said.

One in three optometrists say they have seen patients in the last month who continue to drive with vision below the legal standard, their association said, according to BBC.

Motorists must read a number plate from 20m (65ft) in the practical driving test, but there is no follow-up check.

Study reveals how a very low calorie diet can reverse type 2 diabetes

In a new study, a research team uncovers how a very low calorie diet can rapidly reverse type 2diabetes in animal models. If confirmed in people, the insight provides potential new drug targets for treating this common chronic disease, said the researchers, according to Science Daily.

One in three people will develop type 2 diabetes by 2050, according to recent projections. Reports indicate that the disease goes into remission in many patients who undergo bariatric weight-loss surgery, which significantly restricts caloric intake prior to clinically significant weight loss. The team's study focused on understanding the mechanisms by which caloric restriction rapidly reverses type 2diabetes.

Old human cells rejuvenated in breakthrough discovery on aging

A team led by Professor Lorna Harries, Professor, has discovered a new way to rejuvenate inactive senescent cells. Within hours of treatment the older cells started to divide, and had longer telomeres -- the 'caps' on the chromosomes which shorten as we age, according to Science Daily.

This discovery, builds on earlier findings from group that showed that a class of genes called splicing factors are progressively switched off as we age. The research team, working with Professor Richard Faragher and Dr Elizabeth Ostler, found that splicing factors can be switched back on with chemicals, making senescent cells not only look physically younger, but start to behave more like young cells and start dividing.

Daytime wounds 'heal more quickly'

Wounds heal more quickly if they occur during the day rather than after dark, a study suggests.

It found burns sustained at night took an average of 28 days to heal, but just 17 for those that happened in daytime, according to BBC.

The team, at the UK's MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, said they were astounded by the difference they saw in 118 burns patients they studied.

Malaria breath test shows promise

People with malaria give off a distinctive "breath-print" that could be used as a test for the disease, according to American scientists.

They had already tried out a crude prototype breathalyser in Africa, a tropical medicine conference heard, according to BBC.

The test was reasonably good at detecting cases in children, but needs developing to become a routine device.