Heart disease may begin in the WOMB: The children of pregnant women with pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes or a smoking habit are more at risk of the condition in later life

Heart disease may begin in the womb, research suggests.

A study by Cambridge University found that adults who suffered chronic hypoxia - low oxygen - in the womb are more likely to show red flags for the condition, like high blood pressure or stiff arteries, according to Daily Mail.

Chronic hypoxia is the most common side effect of pregnancy complications, such as pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes or just the expectant mother smoking.

The study was led by Professor Dino Giussani, from the department of physiology, development and neuroscience.

Physically weak and frail older people are at greater risk of getting dementia

Frail older people are at greater risk of getting dementia, even when their brains are relatively healthy.
 
Becoming frail in later life may make people more vulnerable to even the slightest brain changes that cause Alzheimer's disease, according to Daily Mail.

A study of more than 450 older people found the most frail were most in danger of the memory-robbing disease.

Those with low levels of the proteins which build up in the brain and cause dementia are the lucky ones who should be spared from the disease.

How fasting can improve overall health

In a University of California, Irvine-led study, researchers found evidence that fasting affects circadian clocks in the liver and skeletal muscle, causing them to rewire their metabolism, which can ultimately lead to improved health and protection against aging-associated diseases, according to Science Daily.
 
The circadian clock operates within the body and its organs as intrinsic time-keeping machinery to preserve homeostasis in response to the changing environment. And, while food is known to influence clocks in peripheral tissues, it was unclear, until now, how the lack of food influences clock function and ultimately affects the body.

From carrots to avocados: Nutritionist reveals the FIVE best foods to stop you from losing your vision

It's long been said that carrots help people to see in the dark.

But the vegetable - and others - actually can have a positive effect on your overall eye health, according to a nutritionist.

Sophie Bertrand, working alongside laser eye surgery hospital Optegra, has put together a list of the top foods that will help keep your eyes healthy.

In her list, she reveals salmon can stave off a leading cause of blindness, while green tea can protect against UV damage, according to Daily Mail.

Insomnia has many faces

Researchers at the Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience revealed that there are five types of insomnia. A commentary stated that the finding could be a new page in the history of insomnia, promoting discoveries on mechanisms and interventions, according to Science Daily.

Insomnia is a major problem

One out of ten people suffer from chronic insomnia: it's the second-most prevalent and burdensome mental disorder. Findings on underlying brain mechanisms have been inconsistent. Treatment that is effective for some, gives no relief to others. Insomnia has remained an enigma. Thanks to volunteers of the internet-platform slaapregister.nl there is now hope for faster discoveries.