In The Loving Memory of Our Heroes

In The Loving Memory of Our Heroes

Majd Al Din Dibo Majd Al Din Dibo was born...

New Israeli plan to build 2600 settlement units in the West Bank

New Israeli plan to build 2600 settlement units in the West Bank

The Israeli occupation authorities on Wednesday...

Trump’s administration has deepened conflicts in the world: Czech writer

Trump’s administration has deepened conflicts in the world: Czech writer

Czech writer Daniel Vesely has stressed that...

Cuban President: Trump's policy on Havana is rude and inhuman

Cuban President: Trump's policy on Havana is rude and inhuman

  Havana, (ST) - Cuban President Miguel...

Israeli occupation forces demolish Al-Araqib village for the 182nd time

Israeli occupation forces demolish Al-Araqib village for the 182nd time

Occupied Al -Quds, (ST) - Israeli occupation...

Occupation forces arrested seven Palestinian in Tol Karm in the West Bank

Occupation forces arrested seven Palestinian in Tol Karm in the West Bank

The Israeli Occupation forces arrested  today...

Landmine blast kills 2 children in Homs countryside

Landmine blast kills 2 children in Homs countryside

At least two children were martyred on Tuesday...

Bodies of 7 people, most of them women, found in Hasaka countryside

Bodies of 7 people, most of them women, found in Hasaka countryside

HASAKA, (ST), The bodies of 7 people, most of...

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    Wednesday, 20 January 2021 18:54
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    Wednesday, 20 January 2021 17:53
  • Turkish regime's mercenaries continue to deprive 1.000.000 residents in Syria's Hasaka from water

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    Wednesday, 20 January 2021 14:20
  • Palestinian Presidency condemns the Israeli occupation authorities’ decision to construct 2,500 new colonial settler units

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    Wednesday, 20 January 2021 13:24
  • American commentator affirms that MSM mislead public opinion on what is happening in Syria

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    Wednesday, 20 January 2021 13:02
  • SDF militia kidnaps 9 civilians in Der Ezzour countryside and takes them to unknown place

    SDF militia kidnaps 9 civilians in Der Ezzour...

    Wednesday, 20 January 2021 12:53
  • In The Loving Memory of Our Heroes

    In The Loving Memory of Our Heroes

    Wednesday, 20 January 2021 12:44
  • Syria demands immediate and unconditional withdrawal of US occupation troops from Syrian territories

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    Wednesday, 20 January 2021 12:03
  • New Israeli plan to build 2600 settlement units in the West Bank

    New Israeli plan to build 2600 settlement units...

    Wednesday, 20 January 2021 11:56
  • Trump’s administration has deepened conflicts in the world: Czech writer

    Trump’s administration has deepened conflicts...

    Wednesday, 20 January 2021 11:53
  • Biden's nominee for US intelligence vows to release report on who killed Khashoggi

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    Wednesday, 20 January 2021 11:51
  • Cuban President: Trump's policy on Havana is rude and inhuman

    Cuban President: Trump's policy on Havana is...

    Wednesday, 20 January 2021 11:30
  • Israeli occupation forces demolish Al-Araqib village for the 182nd time

    Israeli occupation forces demolish Al-Araqib...

    Wednesday, 20 January 2021 10:35
  • WHO: The British version of the modified Covid 19 has spread to 60 countries

    WHO: The British version of the modified Covid...

    Wednesday, 20 January 2021 10:12
  • Occupation forces arrested seven Palestinian in Tol Karm in the West Bank

    Occupation forces arrested seven Palestinian in...

    Wednesday, 20 January 2021 10:05
  • Al-Jaafari before the Group of 77 and China: Syria is counting on the group's valuable support to put an end to the theft of its natural resources and the foreign occupation

    Al-Jaafari before the Group of 77 and China:...

    Wednesday, 20 January 2021 09:20
  • Crocheted  Amigurumi a unique art  project that helps Syrian women improve their living conditions

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    Rouhani: Trump did nothing but create injustice...

    Wednesday, 20 January 2021 08:42
  • Landmine blast kills 2 children in Homs countryside

    Landmine blast kills 2 children in Homs...

    Tuesday, 19 January 2021 18:54
  • Bodies of 7 people, most of them women, found in Hasaka countryside

    Bodies of 7 people, most of them women, found...

    Tuesday, 19 January 2021 18:50

Economy & Aftermath

Investigative Reporting

“Wood and Light Dialogue” a sculpture exhibition in Damascus

“Wood and Light Dialogue” a sculpture ex…

The Arab Cultural center in Abou Rummaneh is currently hosting a sculpture exhibition entitled “Wood and Light Dialogue” for artist Shafiq Al Ghabra . This exhibition sh...

  1. Tourism
  2. Culture
  3. Society
  4. Golan
Bnamra ... a green jewel embraced by the mountains

Bnamra ... a green jewel embraced by the…

Tartous, (ST)-The quiet village of Bnamra is embraced by  mountains of ancient oak trees, in the midst of a charming nature as freshwater springs burst from its tops which makes the village look like an emerald. According to the village mayor, Muhammad Ahmad Shaheen, Bnamra is within the municipality of  Sheikh Badr in Tartous. It spreads over an area of about two thousand dunums. The village was named so due to its...

Read more
Arab Writers Union holds the first international cartoons exhibition

Arab Writers Union holds the first inter…

With the participation of more than 252 cartoonists  from 52 countries  around the world,  the Arab Writers Union held its first international cartoons exhibition in a new way which  dealt with the role  of international figures who influenced the literary and cultural movement.   The visions of the participating cartoonists' paintings differed in  the technique  of drawing, but what they all had in common was that they they revealed the impact ...

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Lattakia Education is preparing for a training course for tutoring courses

Lattakia Education is preparing for a tr…

In implementation of the Ministry of Education's plan to support the quality of the educational process, Lattakia Education Directorate is conducting a training course targeting / 120 / trainees in two phases: the first starts on 16/01/2021 until 21/01/2021, and the second for a period of three weeks, starts from 1/29/2021, with the aim of enabling teachers and teaching assistants to apply effective learning strategies, and to intensify content a...

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Syria renews call for enforcing the implementation of the Resolution No. 497 on occupied Syrian Golan

Syria renews call for enforcing the impl…

Syria has renewed its call on the Security Council to act immediately as to enforce the implementation of the Resolution No. 497 of 1981 and force the Israeli occupation entity to stop its illegal settlement activities and repressive procedures against the people in the occupied Syrian Golan and to withdraw from the entire Golan to the June 4th 1967 line. Resolution 497 (1981) reaffirms that the acquisition of ter...

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New Bird Flu Strain Seen Adapting to Mammals, Humans

A genetic analysis of the avian flu virus responsible for at least nine human deaths in China portrays a virus evolving to adapt to human cells, raising concern about its potential to spark a new global flu pandemic.

The collaborative study, conducted by a group led by Masato Tashiro of the Influenza Virus Research Center, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, and Yoshihiro Kawaoka of the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the University of Tokyo, appears in the current edition (April 11, 2013) of the journal Eurosurveillance. The group examined the genetic sequences of H7N9 isolates from four of the pathogen's human victims as well as samples derived from birds and the environs of a Shanghai market.

"The human isolates, but not the avian and environmental ones, have a protein mutation that allows for efficient growth in human cells and that also allows them to grow at a temperature that corresponds to the upper respiratory tract of humans, which is lower than you find in birds," says Kawaoka, a leading expert on avian influenza.

The findings, drawn from genetic sequences deposited by Chinese researchers into an international database, provide some of the first molecular clues about a worrisome new strain of bird flu, the first human cases of which were reported on March 31 by the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. So far, the new virus has sickened at least 33 people, killing nine. Although it is too early to predict its potential to cause a pandemic, signs that the virus is adapting to mammalian and, in particular, human hosts are unmistakable, says Kawaoka.

Access to the genetic information in the viruses, he adds, is necessary for understanding how the virus is evolving and for developing a candidate vaccine to prevent infection.

Influenza virus depends on its ability to attach to and commandeer the living cells of its host to replicate and spread efficiently. Avian influenza rarely infects humans, but can sometimes adapt to people, posing a significant risk to human health.

"These viruses possess several characteristic features of mammalian influenza viruses, which likely contribute to their ability to infect humans and raise concerns regarding their pandemic potential," Kawaoka and his colleagues conclude in the Eurosurveillance report.

Kawaoka, a faculty member in the UW-Madison School of Veterinary Medicine who also holds a faculty appointment at the University of Tokyo, explains that the majority of the viruses in the study -- from both humans and birds -- display mutations in the surface protein hemagglutinin, which the pathogen uses to bind to host cells. Those mutations, according to Kawaoka, allowed them to easily infect human cells.

In addition, the isolates from patients contained another mutation that allows the virus to efficiently replicate inside human cells. The same mutation, Kawaoka notes, lets the avian virus thrive in the cooler temperatures of the human upper respiratory system. It is in the cells of the nose and throat that flu typically gains a hold in a mammalian or human host.

Kawaoka and his colleagues also assessed the response of the new strain to drugs used to treat influenza, discovering that one class of commonly used antiviral drugs, ion channel inhibitors which effectively bottle up the virus in the cell, would not be effective; the new strain could be treated with another clinically relevant antiviral drug, oseltamivir.

In addition to Kawaoka and Tashiro, co-authors of the Eurosurveillance report include Tsutomu Kageyama, Seiichiro Fujisaki, Emi Takashita, Hong Xu, Shinya Yamada, Yuko Uchida, Gabriele Neumann and Takehiko Saito. The work was supported by Grants-in-Aid for Pandemic Influenza Research and Grant-in-Aid for Specially Promoted Research from the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, Japan; by the NIAID Center for Research on Influenza Pathogenesis (CRIP, HHSN266200700010C); by a Grant-in-Aid for Specially Promoted Research, by the Japan Initiative for Global Research Network on Infectious Diseases from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology, Japan; and by ERATO, Japan.

Source:Science Daily

R.Sawas

 

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