Al- Fakhar Hill

Al-Fakhar Hill (Tell al-Fakhar) is located to the north of Golan and to the southern of Banias village, west to Zaura and Ein Feet. The hill reaches 452 meter high overlooks oil lines and Babel towe .

Tell Al- Fakhar is a deserted place, with no sign of life except for wild animals such as snakes, wolves , insects and big rocks.

   It is worthy to mention that al- fakhar hill has a great role to play in the liberation wars that the Syrian army waged against the Israeli army during Tishreen liberation war in 1973 where our heroic army made the Zionist enemy sustain great losses in men and materiel .


Occupation Violations

It is not surprising that the Israeli occupation continues in treating our people in the Occupied Golan Heights with utmost cruelty, brutality and injustice. And the daily violations committed by the Israeli occupier cause a lot of suffering to the Syrians in the Golan Heights regarding their lives and livelihood .

It is clear that the occupation feels an obsession that our people in the Golan Heights will not accept the painful reality and refuse this occupation , therefore they do their best to resist it . They are not alone in their battle against the occupation . On the contrary, they are supported by all Syrians who  believe strongly  in the inevitability of the return of the Golan, to the motherland Syria.

Undoubtedly, all the world is accustomed to hear how the occupation authorities throw people in Golan Heights in prisons . The Israeli occupier unjustly sentenced men for many years. Those honest people may die before they can get their freedom again. But what is the charge against them ? Frankly, it is that they resist the Israeli occupation.

The violations of the occupation have no limits, it prevents the students in the Golan from going to their schools, besides it puts teachers in prisons. The occupier knows very well that the schools in the Golan Heights are castles of nationality and steadfastness where the students in the Golan Heights learn the patriotism and stick to the ground.

Among the crimes that are committed by the Israeli occupier in the Golan Heights is setting a large fire which caused great damages to thousands of acres of the farmlands owned by the Syrians in the Occupied Golan.

No one can deny that the occupier's main purpose by setting these fires is to cause an incorporeal effect on our people in the Golan Heights. The Israeli occupation wants to destroy the vital and environmental diversity in the Golan Heights, as well as it plunders the resources , the water resources ,uprooting fruit trees.

But the Zionist occupation is quite aware that committing violations and fabricating fires will not weaken our people in the Golan Heights. they will resist the occupier, because they are determined to liberate the Golan despite all the plots.


Firas Taleb

E&T: M.Wassouf

Big Foolishness

The Israeli occupation  commits big foolishness  when it tries to hide the real  picture of what is going on in our beloved Golan. No one can deny that Israel used to portray our people in the Occupied Golan Heights as if they lost hope in returning it  to their motherland . The occupation, as usual,  employs  ridiculous means to realize that by  imposing a black out on what is going on in the Golan .

Our people in Golan always  reject  every decision issued by the Israeli Knesset such as  the decision of annexing the Syrian Golan Heights  to Israel. This decision, born dead, is still considered  by the international community as  'null' and 'void'.

On the other hand there is the decision  of imposing the Israeli identity on the Golan people ; this decision sparked a revolution of anger in the hearts of our people in  Golan, who,  men , women and children, have chanted with one voice that there is no substitution to the Syrian Arab Identity .

This shows the depth of the historical roots that bind the people of the Golan Heights to the soil of their homeland Syria. These roots are getting more established and stable whenever the Israeli occupier escalated its  campaigns  of violence and aggression against our people in Golan.

Firas Taleb

Translated & Edited

M. Wassouf


Alqusayba  is  one of the  beautiful villages  in the occupied  Golan Heights , it  is located in a volcanic land  at the south-east of  Witinan  valley and North  of  Ablag valley .The number of residents of Alqusayba village  was about  556 in 1967 ,  and it became  about 4599 people in 2002.

The most famous families that inhabited  in Alqusayba : (Alkapairah, Adakkashrah, Albaraglah, Shihan, Al-Tellaweyah ) and others. Besides, the village had  a mosque , an elementary school and a watermill . Alqusayba also is penetrated by  a  road coming from the town of Alkhashniyah. The  two main springs  for drinking water flow from a hill which is  full of olive trees and these springs  are the  source of drinking water for the residents of the village.

There are also  many seasonal  springs which were  welled  in winter and continued  until spring,  including: (Nes al-Dunia spring, Tbaishe spring  and Qattin spring). The borders of  Alqusayba , to the north: Zabiah, al-Soloqiyya and al- Qasreen,  to the South : al-Ya'arubiah, Elamoudiyah, al- Tayebah and al- Musherfah, and to the  east: al- Beerah and Asbetta,  and to the  west: Asaleya , Majame'e and Tar al- Gazal.

The villagers in Alqusayba are mainly depending on  agriculture. Various kinds of  the fruits and vegetables are grown in Alqusyaba  plains of (northern al- Mouh , southern al-mouh,  Jouret al- Deeb and   the Mouh of Mzaao).Of the most important crops: wheat, rice and various kinds of vegetables.


Alqusayba is the village which symbolizes the strong  cling to the land  and defending it. And this  village forms a  symbol which emphasizes the fact of the inevitable return  of our beloved  Golan to Syria and liberation from the Israeli occupation.


Firas Taleb

Edited & Translated: M. Wassouf

Golan Costumes: Fragrance of the past and charm of the present

Once you see the joyful Frilly colors of Golan clothes, you will immediately visualize those gifted Golan  fingers uniquely turning  every joyful color in nature to a robe fluttering charm and glamor, speaking of  those skillful hands that well know how to turn a raw textile from an inert voiceless tissue to an uttering  fabric of warmth and tenderness, blooming a unique Golan rainbow we can trace back from everything in this virtuous hill .

At summer, Golan sons  raise their heads to contemplate fine azure heavens, though this bluish sky allow clouds to visit them from time to time , reflecting blue clarity in every thread  bending on Golan canvas, which are familiar with the Golan flesh they will wrap, inspiring him to embrace the homeland soil  declaring his eagerness to offer up to the last drop of blood in defense of the dignity and pride this saint soil.

That is the nature of a Golan son virtuous to his family and homeland, opening his eyes on motherland love and unlimited keenness to make every sacrifice for that land.

Golan peerless gifted hands look at winter snow tenderly hugging trees heights, seizing its bright whiteness to make bridal veils. Those blanched brides and mothers to be, will teach their coming children lessons of  unconditional faith in the Golan return to Syria’s bosom.

From field-butterflies flutter those colors frilly tender , spilling on Golan dresses predicting moments of great joy and promising  upcoming deliverance from Israeli occupation.

Hence, on the Golan land whether liberated or occupied, environs played a role in the diversity of folk costume , a diversity you notice in wears diversity depending on surrounds diversity. Therefore, you will find those differences more obvious between mountainous and rustic costumes, or Bedouin and Circassian ones.

Noticeably,  there are some dress customs associated with special traditions, for example taking off the assaulted tribesmen “Egal” (headband), as well as right or revenge seekers. On that basis, Golan sons who are accustomed to wear Egal, abandon that custom if they are seeking revenge. One popular saying  “we forbid ourselves to wear the Egal if we do not take revenge and repay disgrace”. Taking off the Egal without keffiyeh (man headdress) is a symbol indicating  that the doer is looking for his revenge.

To summarize, popular dress and fashion traditions in Golan, are a historical source honestly conveying old agrarian society characteristics. As well as its similarity with current dresses  that developed with migration fashion and the people who inhabited the Golan throughout different historical periods. However, sources talking of fashion in Syria does not exceed 233 BC, towards the end of ancient Egyptian civilization where common tribes were prevailing in southern Syria sustaining a nomadic life. At that period,  were found on Pharaohs graves images a rectangular dress closed from the front having two slots from above with a length of no more than to the knees.  After 500 years, this  dress became similar to a “djellaba” (a long straight dress)  regarding its length in Golan, as well as “al-Hataah” (headdress) or the Egal for some tribes. The continuity of this outfit until now for Golan people with the difference that current dress is not striped  but one color ( black, blue, or gray). As it is the case for Circassians in the Golan, the dress worn by rural women trace its roots back to the second millennium BC.

Golan Fashion is the fragrance of past and genuineness of the present , which will be more cheerful with the restoration of this precious part of  our beloved homeland.


 Firas Taleb

Translated & Edited by: Lama Al-Hassanieh