Golan In The Heart

History studies indicated that Al-Hareth bin Gablah al-Ghassani and al-Harith bin Abi Shoumar al-Ghassani ruled the Golan Heights.

In May 636 A.D,  Arab forces met on the Golan Heights' land to achieve decisive victory over the Byzantium's armies at al-Yarmouk  Battle.

Golan flourished after the Islamic conquest which freed the  Arab land of Persians and Romans Empires' control.


There fore, Golan has become the center of Damascus, the capital of the Umayyad Arab state. The strategic importance of the Golan increased being  the cross road to Palestine, Egypt, Morocco and all other countries.

Golan's  history in Islam is part of the history of Damascus.

 After the conquest of Arab Muslims, Al-Sham county  was divided into five regions : Jordan,Palestain, Damascus,Homs and Kansaren. As a matter of fact, this division made the Golan's region as one of Damascus' regions.

Golan's  Arabism and the  knowledge of  Arab-Muslim army in the region were the two main reasons  for the Arab forces' empowerment  to free Arab countries and  to eliminate the Byzantium  forces.

 Arab Muslims after achieving victory marched towards Damascus and the rest of Syrian's regions. 

Golan Heights are rich and full of  fresh water ,pastures  and plains. So this land was the center of the armies and their activities in general, while  al-Jabieh  area was the  major  camp for them in particular.

 In 17Higri, Omar Bin al-Khatab al-Khaliefa al-Rashedi visited al-Jabieh area meeting the Muslims' princes  before going to Jerusalem; to put farmlands in the hands of their beneficiaries.

In 18 Higri, the army moved from its position in the south to the Golan  area because  of plague.

 

In Umayyad era  a conference had been held to choose  Marwan Bin al- Hakam as Khaliph.

In another important  village  "Asa'ar," - located on the road between Majdal Shams and Masa'da- most of residents were consulting  Imam Ali Bin Abi Taleb in many religious cases. 

Famous citadels in the Crusades were  al-Housoun  and al-Soubaibieah. The later one is built in 12th century A.D  by Imad al-Deen Zinki, king of Damascus. These two Citadels have important location being uncovering roads  ' from'  and  'to'  Biet al-Makdes in addition to Feek tower and al-A'al citadel.

Golan was  subject to the invasion of the Crusades between 11 and 12th  century A.D.
Crusaders occupied  Golan on 1118 A.D, for the exception of  al-Housoun citadel near Feek area and al-Soubaieba citadel near Banias area;  which are considered as the immune shield in defending al-Sham till the complete expulsion of  Crusaders  .

 Tiberias was considered at that time as Crusaders' headquarter.

In the 15th century, Golan Heights were exposed to Magholi invasion by Taimourlank.

On June.  5, 1967  Israel occupied the Syrian Golan Heights.

H.SH