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Economic Use of Resources, Improving Natural Vegetation and Pasture Management

DAMASCUS (ST)- The General Commission for the Management , Development and the Protection of the Badia (desert) works on the implementation of important projects aimed to raise the efficiency of the economic and sustainable use  to the Badia resources and improve the natural vegetation and pasture management through the development of open grasslands and its protection, especially in flood sites and rehabilitation of degraded sites.

Director General of the Commission, eng. Ali Hammoud, confirmed that his authority is working on the resettlement of extinct and endangered species, creating sanctuaries and gene banks, restoring the plant life, developing of the eco-tourism of the Badia and preserving the cultural heritage of the Badia.

“Nine environmental preserves were established of a total area estimated at 136,957 hectares  and 59 protected pastorals were created at a total area estimated at 785,894 hectares to improve vegetation in the Badia in addition to the establishment of 13 pastoral nurseries and 10 centers for multiplication of seeds to be a supporter to the livestock in the Badia in coperation with the Ministry of Agriculture and international organizations,” Hammoud pointed out.

Hammoud clarified that samplings of plant seeds from different locations in the Badia had been completed and has grown in pastoral nurseries for breeding, bringing the number of plant species collected from those sites 70 species,  a manual field also has been prepared which includes 63 species of medicinal plants, and the  branches of the Commission were provided recently with  the seeds of 50 species of different medicinal and aromatic plants to be bred.

It was also agreed with ACSAD  to apply a joint experiment in one of the Badia sites for the rehabilitation of  a deteriorating  pastoral site on this system during this period and planting oases of palm around the wells of the Badia due to importance of this tree and the suitable environment of the Badia and encouraging local people to grow palm trees to give an aesthetic landscape.

The authority is working to make pools and dig holes to store water  in the desert in cooperation with the Remote Sensing Association in order to benefit from the rain and storm water and providefor watering livestock, bringing the number excavations storage 36-hole in addition the drilling, renovating and equipping the wells in the Badia estimated at 324 wells.

Hammoud pointed out that the coordination is underway with the Planning and International Cooperation Association to ensure  the necessary funding for a project to manufacture dairy units in the desert, along with the completion of the studies on camels, oryx, ostriches and preparing a census of livestock ,the establishment of a network of camel  breeders and providing health care for the herds of sheep in cooperation with the ministry.

In the field  of development of infrastructure in the Badia, the General Commission supplied Wadi Al Heil village with  a water which lacks the network of drinking water though it is a center for sheep breeders in the Syrian desert  and 9 stations for water desalination were invested and run, including 3 stations in the  Badia of Al Hasaka, pointing out that all stations are ready to distribute water to the surrounding local communities as the number of households benefiting from each station at least 800 families with and the capacity of each station estimated at 100 cubic meters per day.


The 2013 turnover to hit SP16bn, says foreign trade Est.

Net profits of the General Foreign Trade Establishment are expected to hit SP 2 billion in 2013 through business activities and commissions.

Speaking to the 'Tishreen' newspaper, the establishment's Director General said: "Because of business activities and commission got through ensuring local market's needs as regards items and necessary products the profits reached up to SP2bn."

Mohammad Hammod added the said profits are actual incomes under business standards.

The 2013-plan seeks to have a turnover of SP 16bn, while the value of purchases is to reach SP14.7bn.

Hammod noted that value of the establishment's stock is about SP109m.

However, the Gross National Product (GNP) estimated at SP3.5bn.

Currently, the establishment focuses on providing local market with main items including sugar, rice, and fertilizer.



Abdullah: Mapping out Integrated Plan for Sustainability, Promotion of Agricultural Production

DAMASCUS, (ST)_ Minister of Agriculture, Eng. Sobhi  Al-Abdullah, said that the agricultural sector both plant and animal forms the backbone of the national economy, especially agriculture which is considered the mainstay of many industries as well as it is the main loop and the basic body
in securing food for citizens, which requires everyone in their respective locations follow tireless efforts to protect and develop this sector and to stop anyone who tries to tamper with it and take it out on his essential mission, stressing that Syria is still strong and provide support in economic and social domains.

During a meeting with a number of central directorates held yesterday at the ministry, Al Abdullah stressed  on the need to develop an integrated plan for the future to cope with the ambition and the future of the ministry and work under them in order to achieve sustainability of our products and promote ways of  proper marketing.

"The importance of the olive sector, which we have a large surplus of it and you should take advantage of this surplus in export and open new markets to it, and more importantly, the need to change patterns and the culture of consumption with respect to olive oil among the citizens which vary between producing provinces and eastern provinces so that discharge the surplus internally and it is possible to dispense with vegetable imported oils which cost the state millions of dollars," he pointed out.

The minister clarified the importance of olive oil in terms of food and medical noting that some countries like India want to import even paper olive because of its health benefits and aromatic.

He added that the large losses suffered by the agriculture sector due to terrorist acts and that the ministry will work to avoid them in the future within the available means and will not allow the terrorists break the will of the workers in this sector, especially farmers who are considered the foundation of the agricultural process.

Eng. Al Abdullah stressed the importance of diagnosing problems and determine the right thing for each of the joints of the ministry detailed and not allow to exercise any kind of corruption, especially in light of the crisis faced by Syria, stressing that Syria will return as a safe and  good country and enjoy security and freedom.


Economy Minister: Moving Towards Economy of Knowledge Based on Human Resources

DAMASCUS, (ST)_ Minister of Economy and Foreign Trade, Dr. Mohammed Zafer Mahbaq, said that the economy in the present day had shifted to an economy -based on knowledge and the standards of States' development don’t  based on the huge and diverse economic potential as far they based on human resources primarily.

The Minister pointed out that the organization of work and its mechanisms are a fundamental part in improving productivity and the Syrian economy goes in this direction despite the current circumstances.

Dr. Mahbaq delivered his speech, during an evaluation  session held recently in Damascus, to the performance of the central directorates' work in the ministry during the second half of last year 2012.

"When we prepare a qualified,  capable person and able to innovate and think properly, then we will be to achieve fruitful achievement and therefore the human resources and their  storage of science and knowledge are the most important of all the economic potential," he said.

The Minister stressed the interest to reduce spending and rationalize consumption because this is an important contribution in supporting our economy, especially in the current circumstances, as well as the importance of discipline and commitment, especially in the current.

"The research competencies in the ministry require training to a large degree and asked each of those who make researches to meet with the concerned bodies in the ministries to achieve integrated, accurate and meaningful researches because the purpose of any research is to change reality for the better, and the need to be objective in making the researches reliable to support  the development of our economy for the better," the minister concluded.


Citizens, government cooperate to 'justly' distribute items

DAMASCUS,(ST)_ Deputy Prime Minister for Economic Affairs says popular support is essential to solve the problems of distributing basic needs among citizens.

In a meeting with citizens from "ReknEddin" suburb, Dr.Qadri Jamil said people's cooperation with government could help solve the problem of distributing gas and fuel as laws and legislations are no longer enough to notch up this goal.

He stressed that 70% of the bread matter was solved.

According to SANA, the meeting held on Sunday revolved around measures being adopted to guarantee ensuring the said items to the suburb's citizens at prices identified by the government.

Young men from "RoknEddin" are due to receive specific quantity from the items to be justly distributed among the citizens there. The suburb is divided into three sectors in order to ease the adopted process.

Initially, 100 gas cylinders and 4000 litters of fuel are to be delivered daily to the young men to distribute them among citizens of the suburb. 

Dr. Jamil sees it is necessary to draw up measures that would help combating monopolization and smuggling of basic items.