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Agriculture Ministry Supports Syrian Apiarists

DAMASCUS, (ST) - The Syrian bees species are distinguished as the best in the world in producing the royal food and honey. The Syrian bees have the ability to survive in winter with the lowest amount of food. The Syrian bees are superior to all foreign species in resisting the destitution of the pastures.

The Syrian government supports the individual initiatives of the apiarists that led to an increase in the number of bee hives to 601,979 in 2010 compared to 595,394 in 2009.

Head of the Bees Bureau in the Ministry of Agriculture, Qasim al-Boushi, said that raising bees is concentrated in Damascus countryside, Idleb, Lattakia, Hama, Tartous, Aleppo, Homs and Daraa governorates.

He added that Syria's production of honey in 2010 reached 2,957 tons and 120 tons of honey wax compared to 2,771 tons of honey and 117 tons of honey wax in 2009.

Al-Boushi said that Syria imports several amounts of honey from the Arab countries which are members of the Great Arab Free Trade Area "GAFTA" according to medical and health conditions that are in line with the Syrian standards, while Syria exports limited amounts of the Syrian honey to the neighboring countries.

He stressed the importance of the economic feasibility of bees as raising bees contributes to improving the production of the agricultural crops by 25-35 percent through their role in natural pollination.

The number of the apiarists in Syria estimated at 20,000 as about 30,000 families work in this career.

Al-Boushi pointed out to an integrated plan to improve the species of the Syrian bees through a program which aims at improving the characteristics of the Syrian bee, increasing its productivity of honey and reducing its diseases, in addition to the efforts being exerted by the Ministry of Agriculture to increase the bee raising centers.

Sh. Kh.

Olive Pomace .. Alternative Heating Source

HAMA, (ST) - The need and the lack of heating sources because of the current crisis and the difficulty of transporting forced many residents of Hama to use "olive pomace" as an alternative to face the winter season because the price of the material is cheap and it is easy to obtain.

The quantities of pomace, resulting from pressing olives, in the governorate exceeded 40 thousand tons. It is the suitable alternative for heating purposes in such circumstances instead of diesel as well as there is a possibility to convert it to a source of clean power

Pomace contains organic material and has very light proportions of oil. It is quite suitable for burning and if it is compressed and pressed, it does not produce any carbon emissions or emit toxic pollutants, but it is a rich substance in mineral elements.

 “It has become necessary to find ways to re-use this material because of the cheap price, ease of manufacturing, as well as to be used for heating purposes contributes to the reduction of over-logging operations that forests and forestry exposed to in the governorate,” agronomist, Salem Farah, said.

Director of the Olive Bureau in the Department of Forestry in Hama city agronomist, Mazen Tayfour, said that there are 40 olive oil presses working in Hama and huge quantities of pomace in front of the doors of the oil press nearly one thousand ton in each oil press.

Mr. Tayfour said that this material can be pressed and offered to the consumer in cylindrical- small shaped pieces to be sold for heating, pointing out that some studies and experiments confirmed that the burning of one kilogram of pulp produced by the thermal energy is equivalent to burning 1.4 liter of fuel oil.

Mr. Tayfour said that there is a lack of specialized plants to manufacture small cubes of pomace except one north of the village of Umm al Toyour west of Hama city.

The price per ton of this material is estimated at 2500 Syrian pounds as it can be utilized in agricultural operations, fertilizers and heating. The material is cheap and clean compared with wood and fuel oil anddoes not have any odors when operating.

Agronomist, Ahmed Harba, said that the material can be used in various fields as home heating within residential houses by using specialized stoves or for central heating purposes as well as in cooking, heating greenhouses, farms and in the tobacco furnaces.

“Wood compressed panels ,fodder for livestock can be made of this material due to its  richness in organic and mineral materials, explaining that it is better to add it directly in the autumn,  as an organic fertilizer for fruit trees and field crops,” Mr, Harba stressed.

Sh. Kh.

Mayaleh Denies Rumors on floating Syrian Pound

DAMASCUS,(ST)_The governor of the Central Bank of Syria Dr. Adib Mayaleh  said that allegation by some media on floating the  Syrian pound is categorically  untrue and part of the media war against Syria and its economy.

In a statement on Monday, Mayaleh said that this news which falls within the course of continued lies,  is but a new  pressure on the Syrian pound to raise skepticism in the ability of the   national economy to stand against the fierce war being waged against it.

Mayaleh explained  that the concept of the  alleged flotation contrasts the recent procedures taken by  the Central Bank of Syria in order to defend the exchange rate of the SP, noting that the   Central Bank intervenes on a daily basis through selling  hard currencies  to banks and banking institutions .

He also denied rumors about the central bank quest to keep the foreign exchange assets at the expense of the exchange rate,  indicating that the primary goal  of the Central Bank of Syria is to keep the exchange rate and that the Bank has enough foreign currencies  reserves .

 

T. Fateh

Underway Investment Projects at SP 8 billion

DAMASCUS,(ST)_ Despite pressures and sanctions that targeted the country's  institutions and businessmen, the Syrian Investment Commission SIC  licensed during the first quarter of 2013, eight  projects in the industrial sector , at an estimated cost of $ 7 billion and 964 million Syrian pounds (SP) .

SIC chairperson Hala Ghazal said that  two of these projects  were in Quneitra and one project in each of the provinces of Sweida,  Latakia, Homs, Damascus , Rural Damascus and Tartous.

Ghazal added that cost of machinery, plant ,equipment and transport services of the licensed projects amounted to SP 7 . 240 billion.

As for   industrial and  agricultural projects under implementation, Ghazal said that only one industrial project is  under implementation at a total cost of SP 27 . 500 million .

IN 2012, SIC licensed  45 investment projects at an estimated cost of  SP 37 . 604 . 149, including 26 projects in the industrial sector and nine projects in  Raqqa  , while 10 projects are underway  and other 11 projects  are already executed.

 

T. Fateh

Measures to Protect Syrian Oil from Terrorists – Minister

DAMASCUS,(ST) Minister of Oil and Mineral Resources Suleiman Abbas  stressed that as the only body authorized to invest oil resources  in Syria, the ministry  "will take all measures necessary to maintain this wealth against  hacking and looting attempts by monitoring oil  fields and wells closely  in coordination with ministries concerned  and other stakeholders. "

Statements of the oil minister came during a meeting on Wednesday with directors of oil institutions and companies and heads of the boards of joint-stock companies, working in Syria  where discussions dealt with executive measures be taken to protect oil and mineral wealth from looting, theft and systematic vandalism practiced by the armed terrorist groups  following  the EU decision  to purchase Syrian oil, from what  he called "armed opposition."

He stressed the need  that foreign companies operating in Syria, "to pressure on their governments to prevent the implementation of the  EU illegal decision  which is  inconsistent with the provisions of international law and the UN Charter.

He pointed out that the EU  decision represents a "flagrant violation of all international treaties in honoring  the sovereignty of States ."

The minister explained  that the EU  decision provides for  easing  oil embargo imposed on Syria since  September 2011 to support the armed terrorist groups  when  permitting three types of transactions for the oil sector in Syria  including finance, insurance,  and export of equipment and techniques necessary for extraction operations and the provision of sums  for the Syrian oil industry.

 

T. Fateh