Breaking News

SP 120 mln to be remitted to civil societies to aid affected people in Syria

The Syrian government is financially supporting the affected people across Syria and suggests allocating cash money for special cases.

As many as SP 120 million is reported to be given to 140 civil societies as an aid to meet needs of the displaced people temporary living in shelters and elsewhere, Labour and Social Affairs Minister said.

Dr.Jasem Mohammad Zakareya's remark was made in the High Relief Committee's meeting held on Thursday to review last-week achievements as regards humanitarian aid being offered to affected people.

The amount is scheduled to be remitted to the societies before the end of 2012, SANA reported.

Zakareya noted that the civil societies could allocate cash money as a financial aid to families that have special cases under supervision of ministry and sub-committees in all provinces.

In cooperation with Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), the committee is closely watching the displaced families' situation and means of distributing food and health aid among them all over Syria.

The ministry asked all Social Care Houses to receive all urgent humanitarian cases and offer the best services to them.

State Minister for the Syrian Arab Red Crescent said that circles concerned are cooperating to solve transport's problems that hamper reach of aid to the affected areas.

The Relief Committee convenes regular meeting to evaluate carried out steps and present suggestions to ease the affected people's suffering in all sectors.

Basma Qaddour


Proposals for the Development of Economic Cooperation with Latin America Rich and Various, Investment Opportunities to Increase Trade Volume

The Ministry of Economy and Foreign Trade has prepared a study on the prospects of cooperation with Latin American countries and how to benefit from the available advantages between the two sides. Out of this idea that economic blocs are one of the tools with a view to coordinate economic policies in its various features and the abolition of customs barriers and non-tariff in order to achieve rapid growth rates in their economies, increase cooperation, face various transformations and developments in the global economy, and to engage in many of the regional economic blocks based on the idea of reaching the goal and, consequently, economic integration.

Special treatment
 The Ministry of Economy, in this study, concluded that the great rapprochement between Syria and a number of Latin American countries in many economic indicators to reach the fruitful cooperation between the two sides should deal with this special treatment for several reasons:
- The important and significant role played by these countries at the global level of all aspects of political, economic, social and in particular countries of Venezuela, Brazil, Argentina and the impact of the economies of these countries at the regional level and in the global economy.

- Common economic interests on which to build a strategy for cooperation based on mutual benefit.

- The absence of a large Arab community in general and Syria in particular in those countries (Countries of Expatriates) and the weakness of joint economic, and social activities that acquaint with Syria’s tourist, and cultural aspects and encouraging investment in Syria, and the absence of media in informing the general public, business and economic events on the economies of these countries in the definition of its effective role on the global economy, and vice versa.

- Depending upon the existing economic relations between Syria and these countries in finding ways for economic cooperation with other countries in the American region (Central and South).
- Support that could be received by Syria through the consolidation of relations with these countries.

Constraints but ..!
The Ministry of Economy showed the presence of basic impediments to the implementation of Syria’s orientation towards the block mentioned above and the work to overcome these obstacles with the agreement of all parties including:
- The remote geographical distance between Syria on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean and Latin American countries bordering on the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
- Constant pressure for governments of Western countries on Latin American governments to seize political and independent economic decision.
- The role of multinational corporations in these countries, which constitutes an economic pressure on their governments, on the one hand, and to meet these states’ declared and undeclared desires in steering the economy in general, foreign direct and indirect investments and monopoly in particular.

- The absence of a legal framework that regulates economic relations both financial, trade and investment relations between Syria and some important countries in the region.

- The scarcity of information, economic and trade statistics and the needs of the markets for goods and services to most of Latin American countries.
- The lack of commercial Missions or commercial representation in Syria for these countries and vice versa.

- Scarcity of mutual investment projects between Syria and these countries at the public and private sectors.

Trade balance is loser

Through a quick look at the attached table on exports and imports for the Syrian Arab Republic with Latin American countries, we notice the weakness in the values and sizes of commodity exchange between Syria and these countries. So the Syrian economy can exploit the great opportunities in this part of the world, for example, Syrian exports to the Latin American countries in 2007 are estimated at $ 11.4 million compared to imports worth about $ 347 million. In 2008, the Syrian exports to these markets increased to $ 34 million and imports increased at a value of $ 548 million.
While exports in the year 2011 reached $ 53 million against imports from the Latin markets valued at $ 369 million..
Thus through the comparison between the figures mentioned and the accompanying table, we find that the trade balance tends toward the countries of Latin America, but what we need in the future is to benefit of the comparative advantages and expand our trade with these countries.

Joint ventures
The Ministry of Economy has set a number of proposals to activate cooperation between the countries of Latin America and make use of the growing economic and political relations, including:

-The need to organize economic cooperation with Latin American countries and the Syrian Arab Republic in all forms of trade and investment and technical cooperation as well as  encouraging reciprocal protection of investments, avoiding double taxation and a cooperation national banks.

- Establishing commercial missions to Syria in some Latin American countries.

-Holding talks with some Latin American countries, joined to the World Trade Organization (WTO), to help Syria to join the WTO through signing Memorandums of Understanding (M o U) in the field of cooperation of the WTO’s affairs that includes offering technical assistance and scientific expertise.

  -The work with some countries in Latin America to prepare a visit to a Syrian economic delegation to these countries to hold meetings at the official level and to be chaired by the Minister of Economy and Foreign Trade and accompanied by a delegation of Syrian businessmen to explore opportunities for a  possible cooperation on the ground.
- The work with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Expatriates  through effective steps, and adopting the necessary measures to motivate the Latin bloc to complete an agreement on establishing a free trade zone with the Syrian Arab Republic.
- Speed up the talks between public institutions and the business sector in Syria with institutions and companies from selected countries in Latin America to conclude equal deals or commodity bargain with Syrian goods that can be circulated in the markets of these countries.
- Start preparing for exhibitions of Syrian products in a number of countries in South America, which would give a clear idea of the various Syrian products.
- giving specialized lectures for Syrian producers and traders who want to enter the markets of Latin America in the field of economic, productivity models  and markets.
- Studying the potential of opening Syrian commercial centers in a number of countries in Latin America.
- Optimization of catalysts provided by these countries for foreign direct and indirect investments by Syrian investors.

- The work with businessmen councils and federations of chambers and business sectors in Syria to put a package of specific Syrian investments and on the basis of quality, not quantity, and that can compete in the markets of these countries.

Activating economic cooperation
From the above it can be said: These proposals in all its forms can be put up for discussion during the meetings that will be held later to reactivate the economic and trade cooperation between Syria and the countries of Latin America, whether with the directorates, institutions and companies affiliated to the ministry or with other concerned bodies after taking the Prime Minister’s approval in this regard from ministries, associations, federations and the business sectors.
Sh/ Kh


Government, FAO discuss cooperation

DAMASCUS, (ST) – The Syrian government and the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) discussed ways of enhancing cooperation during a meeting held between Prime Minister Wael al-Halqi and FAO representative in Damascus Abdulla Taher Bin Yehya, marking the end of Ben Yehya's mission in Damascus.

The two sides agreed on exchanging expertise in the areas of scientific and agricultural research, livestock and fish breeding and dray zones development. 

Al-Halqi praised Bin Yehya's keen efforts aiming at consolidating cooperation between the government and the organization, implementing many development projects in the country and providing humanitarian assistance, particularly within the ongoing crisis hitting Syria.

For his part, Bin Yehya commended the government's support for FAO's development activities in Syria, stressing that Syria has got rich natural and agricultural resources that have helped the country achieve self-sufficiency and food security to its people and export the surplus to foreign markets.

The meeting was attended by Minister of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform Subhi al-Abdulla.

H. Moustafa

Governmental delegation to visit Der Ezzour soon, says PM

DAMASCUS, (ST)_ Prime Minister, Dr.Wael al-Halqi, underscored on Thursday the  importance of integration and cooperation in confronting conspiracy and challenges that are facing Syria.

In a meeting with MPs representing Der Ezzour province, the PM said: "Syria is able to achieve victory and restore stability and security thanks to its peoples' steadfastness and sacrifices."

Dr. al-Halqi called upon the MPs to communicate with people and provoke them to return their homes, noting the necessity of cooperation between government and people to protect public establishment to ensure people's basic needs.

SANA reported that the PM briefed the MPs on efforts being exerted by the government to rehabilitate infrastructures and services utilities damaged by armed terrorist groups and ensure people's basic needs as regards bread and oil derivatives.

The MPs presented demands for ensuring flour and agricultural sector's requirement, reconstructing homes and forming a committee to settle social problems.

These demands are being daily followed up by the government, according to the PM.

A governmental delegation is due to visit Der Ezzour province soon to inspect situation there, SANA reported.


Specialized Companies for Marketing Small Enterprises Products

Minister of Economy and Foreign Trade, Dr. Mohammad Zafar Mahbaq said that the government is considering small businesses as a cornerstone in the development of all regions of the Syrian countryside.

Giving that small businesses the more ability to be established in their locations within the regional planning, the more interest gained in maintaining manpower in the rural areas, and the more real development is  achieved at the level of human resources and at the level of the local economy itself, in the framework of the national economy, by providing all elements of the small enterprise that will do in its area without the need to return to the city centers to ensure the requirements of these projects.

In a statement to Al Thawra daily, the Minister said that Small enterprises can be considered as an important part of the rural development process in the framework of the comprehensive development process in Syria. Small enterprises can create a link between the Syrian citizens and their districts in which they live, especially that all services will be provided to him and up to the area where he sets up his small enterprise.

Mahbaq explained that all necessary needs for small enterprises of infrastructure will be located in rural areas including water systems, telephone, sanitation, electricity and access to bank branches to secure the necessary funding in its various stages, in addition to linking these projects with services marketing.

“Most of the owners of these projects do not have the necessary expertise to market their products, and hence the establishing of an industrial incubator will be under the care and supervision of marketing process serving all these products, taking into consideration, in future, the linking between  small and big enterprises,” the minister pointed out.

He noted that initial polls indicated that some companies can run between 20 to 30 workshops, so that a large enterprise could give up some of its own production and gives it to a small enterprise which is previously linked with the large enterprise. By this way the small enterprise will be in the benefit of the large enterprise.

Minister of Economy considered that it is not enough for anyone who has a university degree and competence to raise his small enterprise and ensures its success and achieve the positive desired results to establish a small project.  The small enterprise to achieve certain specifications that enable the enterprise of marketing its production to the local large companies through export routes, and thus the plans will achieve its goal in the success of small and independence enterprises.

In the long term, the Ministry of Economy has ensured that small businesses will turn this way after a certain period of years, and after passing certain stages in their work and expansion to large-scale enterprises, after turning to a big project has come out of the mantle of the large project, giving the field at the same time in front of smaller projects to enter the service to the benefit of the large enterprise.

Small businesses also enter in the service of large projects and by this way a layer local businessmen will be created enjoy science and knowledge and enjoy practical experience through the experience accumulated during their work to install their small projects, within the economic conditions of Syria, and to achieve rural development in actual cross-linking citizens to their land and their region after they have jobs and creative on the ground.