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IFAD Finances 8 Agricultural Projects

DAMASCUS (ST)- The agricultural development projects carried out by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) in many countries  have become as an example to be followed of successful cooperation and as a factor of stability economically and socially in the rural areas.

 A workshop was opened recently here on the issues of  implementing the projects of IFAD.  Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform, Dr. Nabi Rasheed Mohammed, delivered a speech in the presence of a number of managers at the ministry and representatives of Arab and international organizations.
 The minister stressed the importance of cooperation between Syria and the Fund, which reached high levels through the implementation of several successful projects, particularly the Rural Development Project in the north east, the Rural Development Project in Idleb and Development of  Livestock Project and the Shamiya  Rose which helped turn the land to a productive area  and their population can ensure, to farmers, sources to live a decent life, in addition to the rehabilitation of a significant number of qualified personnel in administrative, financial and technical operations  to reclaim land.

He also praised the role being played by this generous institution to achieve better levels of agricultural and social development and the fight against poverty and hunger suffered by millions of the world's population.
For his part, Representative of the International Fund for Agricultural Development, Nabil Mahayni, talked on innovations that began in IFAD projects with the Agricultural Development Project in the southern region;  stressing that the most  important innovation is that which we expect to enter the Rural Development Project in the north-eastern region and the integrated development of the livestock in dry areas where there are no rivers or swamps.

Director of Planning and International Cooperation, Dr. Haitham al-Ashqar, clarified the importance of this workshop, which discussed the most important issues concerning the implementation of projects financed by the Fund in an attempt to overcome the obstacles and make sure the proper functioning of its implementation.

Through the 25 years of cooperation with the Fund, 8 projects has been funded, most recently its contribution to the financing of Livestock Development Project, and provided more than $ 140 million soft loans contributed to the advancement of the agricultural sector, Dr. al Ashqar pointing out.

The two- day workshop,  discussed the Rural Development Project in Idleb, the Rural Development Project in the north-eastern region,  the integrated development project of livestock ,  the Shamiya Rose and the prospects for development in the projects of IFAD.

SH.KH.

Syrian, Iranian, Iraqi Oil ministers to Meet on Implementing Joint Gas Project

TEHRAN,(ST)_  Iranian Oil Minister Rostom Qasemi disclosed on Wednesday  that a trilateral meeting for oil ministers in Syria, Iran and Iraq will be held in the first half of this month in Baghdad to follow up the implementation of the  gas pipeline project with a total capacity of 80 million cubic meters per day. He explained that the project  will be carried out within Iran to the Iraqi-Syrian border and linked to the  Syrian gas network, adding that national concerned companies in the three countries will carry out the project.
During his meeting with Syria 's ambassador in Tehran, Dr. Adnan Mahmoud, Minister al-Qasimi stressed that  his country will spare no efforts t in supporting Syria and ensuring elements of her steadfastness in the face of war, hatched by the US,  and some western and regional countries to undermine her national stances in supporting resistance .
"We are confident that enemy schemes  in the region and the world behind  supporting terrorism and  fighting the Syrian people to maintain their basic living needs will doom to failure."
For his part, Ambassador Mahmoud pointed to the strategic  importance of completing the Iranian gas transferring project to Iraq and Syria because in the light of current challenges in the region,  and to  meet the needs of the three countries and serve their common economic interests.
Worthy mentioning that the project of transferring Iranian gas to Iraq and Syria will provide Syria with  20 million cubic meters of gas per day.

T. Fateh

PM: Unfair Sanctions Worsened Syrians' Life, Government Keen to Meet Citizens' Needs

DAMASCUS, (ST) - The West unjust economic sanctions on Syria have blocked export-import operations and negatively affected the Syrian people's life, Prime Minister Wael al-Halqi underscored.

Al-Halqi, who was speaking at the 17th ordinary session of the people's Assembly's first Legislative Term, reiterated the government's keen efforts to meet citizens' needs and implement the plans set to alleviate their suffering caused by the siege.

"The Armed terrorist groups' attacks on production and services institutions caused great damage to national economy and to the every day life of the Syrians," the PM said.

He pointed out that, from the very beginning, the Syrian oil sector has been the target of unfair sanctions and terrorist attacks which hindered production and importation and caused a crisis as regards ensuring diesel oil and gas.

"A few days earlier, some national oil supply stations resumed operations. This will meet people's needs for diesel oil to a good extent," the Premier said, pointing out that there will hopefully be sufficient quantities of this material soon.

 

H. Moustafa  

  

SP 120 mln to be remitted to civil societies to aid affected people in Syria

The Syrian government is financially supporting the affected people across Syria and suggests allocating cash money for special cases.

As many as SP 120 million is reported to be given to 140 civil societies as an aid to meet needs of the displaced people temporary living in shelters and elsewhere, Labour and Social Affairs Minister said.

Dr.Jasem Mohammad Zakareya's remark was made in the High Relief Committee's meeting held on Thursday to review last-week achievements as regards humanitarian aid being offered to affected people.

The amount is scheduled to be remitted to the societies before the end of 2012, SANA reported.

Zakareya noted that the civil societies could allocate cash money as a financial aid to families that have special cases under supervision of ministry and sub-committees in all provinces.

In cooperation with Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), the committee is closely watching the displaced families' situation and means of distributing food and health aid among them all over Syria.

The ministry asked all Social Care Houses to receive all urgent humanitarian cases and offer the best services to them.

State Minister for the Syrian Arab Red Crescent said that circles concerned are cooperating to solve transport's problems that hamper reach of aid to the affected areas.

The Relief Committee convenes regular meeting to evaluate carried out steps and present suggestions to ease the affected people's suffering in all sectors.

Basma Qaddour

 

Proposals for the Development of Economic Cooperation with Latin America Rich and Various, Investment Opportunities to Increase Trade Volume

The Ministry of Economy and Foreign Trade has prepared a study on the prospects of cooperation with Latin American countries and how to benefit from the available advantages between the two sides. Out of this idea that economic blocs are one of the tools with a view to coordinate economic policies in its various features and the abolition of customs barriers and non-tariff in order to achieve rapid growth rates in their economies, increase cooperation, face various transformations and developments in the global economy, and to engage in many of the regional economic blocks based on the idea of reaching the goal and, consequently, economic integration.

Special treatment
 The Ministry of Economy, in this study, concluded that the great rapprochement between Syria and a number of Latin American countries in many economic indicators to reach the fruitful cooperation between the two sides should deal with this special treatment for several reasons:
- The important and significant role played by these countries at the global level of all aspects of political, economic, social and in particular countries of Venezuela, Brazil, Argentina and the impact of the economies of these countries at the regional level and in the global economy.

- Common economic interests on which to build a strategy for cooperation based on mutual benefit.
Features

- The absence of a large Arab community in general and Syria in particular in those countries (Countries of Expatriates) and the weakness of joint economic, and social activities that acquaint with Syria’s tourist, and cultural aspects and encouraging investment in Syria, and the absence of media in informing the general public, business and economic events on the economies of these countries in the definition of its effective role on the global economy, and vice versa.

- Depending upon the existing economic relations between Syria and these countries in finding ways for economic cooperation with other countries in the American region (Central and South).
- Support that could be received by Syria through the consolidation of relations with these countries.

Constraints but ..!
The Ministry of Economy showed the presence of basic impediments to the implementation of Syria’s orientation towards the block mentioned above and the work to overcome these obstacles with the agreement of all parties including:
- The remote geographical distance between Syria on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean and Latin American countries bordering on the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
- Constant pressure for governments of Western countries on Latin American governments to seize political and independent economic decision.
- The role of multinational corporations in these countries, which constitutes an economic pressure on their governments, on the one hand, and to meet these states’ declared and undeclared desires in steering the economy in general, foreign direct and indirect investments and monopoly in particular.

- The absence of a legal framework that regulates economic relations both financial, trade and investment relations between Syria and some important countries in the region.

- The scarcity of information, economic and trade statistics and the needs of the markets for goods and services to most of Latin American countries.
- The lack of commercial Missions or commercial representation in Syria for these countries and vice versa.

- Scarcity of mutual investment projects between Syria and these countries at the public and private sectors.

Trade balance is loser

Through a quick look at the attached table on exports and imports for the Syrian Arab Republic with Latin American countries, we notice the weakness in the values and sizes of commodity exchange between Syria and these countries. So the Syrian economy can exploit the great opportunities in this part of the world, for example, Syrian exports to the Latin American countries in 2007 are estimated at $ 11.4 million compared to imports worth about $ 347 million. In 2008, the Syrian exports to these markets increased to $ 34 million and imports increased at a value of $ 548 million.
While exports in the year 2011 reached $ 53 million against imports from the Latin markets valued at $ 369 million..
Thus through the comparison between the figures mentioned and the accompanying table, we find that the trade balance tends toward the countries of Latin America, but what we need in the future is to benefit of the comparative advantages and expand our trade with these countries.

Joint ventures
The Ministry of Economy has set a number of proposals to activate cooperation between the countries of Latin America and make use of the growing economic and political relations, including:

-The need to organize economic cooperation with Latin American countries and the Syrian Arab Republic in all forms of trade and investment and technical cooperation as well as  encouraging reciprocal protection of investments, avoiding double taxation and a cooperation national banks.

- Establishing commercial missions to Syria in some Latin American countries.

-Holding talks with some Latin American countries, joined to the World Trade Organization (WTO), to help Syria to join the WTO through signing Memorandums of Understanding (M o U) in the field of cooperation of the WTO’s affairs that includes offering technical assistance and scientific expertise.

  -The work with some countries in Latin America to prepare a visit to a Syrian economic delegation to these countries to hold meetings at the official level and to be chaired by the Minister of Economy and Foreign Trade and accompanied by a delegation of Syrian businessmen to explore opportunities for a  possible cooperation on the ground.
- The work with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Expatriates  through effective steps, and adopting the necessary measures to motivate the Latin bloc to complete an agreement on establishing a free trade zone with the Syrian Arab Republic.
- Speed up the talks between public institutions and the business sector in Syria with institutions and companies from selected countries in Latin America to conclude equal deals or commodity bargain with Syrian goods that can be circulated in the markets of these countries.
- Start preparing for exhibitions of Syrian products in a number of countries in South America, which would give a clear idea of the various Syrian products.
- giving specialized lectures for Syrian producers and traders who want to enter the markets of Latin America in the field of economic, productivity models  and markets.
- Studying the potential of opening Syrian commercial centers in a number of countries in Latin America.
- Optimization of catalysts provided by these countries for foreign direct and indirect investments by Syrian investors.

- The work with businessmen councils and federations of chambers and business sectors in Syria to put a package of specific Syrian investments and on the basis of quality, not quantity, and that can compete in the markets of these countries.

Activating economic cooperation
From the above it can be said: These proposals in all its forms can be put up for discussion during the meetings that will be held later to reactivate the economic and trade cooperation between Syria and the countries of Latin America, whether with the directorates, institutions and companies affiliated to the ministry or with other concerned bodies after taking the Prime Minister’s approval in this regard from ministries, associations, federations and the business sectors.
Sh/ Kh