State Budget Allocations for 2014 Specified at (SYP) 1390 billion

DAMASCUS- President Bashar al-Assad on Wednesday, issued Law No. 25 for 2013, specifying the general state budget's allocations for the fiscal year of 2014 at a total amount of (SYP) 1390 billion.

According to the law the general budgets of public institutions with economic and construction activities are issued under a decision made by the Finance Minister.

The law includes several items, one of which says that the allocations for the state's contribution to social support are disbursed to the Agricultural Production Support Fund, to the Social Subsidies National Fund, to the General Establishment for Ginning and Marketing Cotton and to food supplies by a decision from the Finance minister and at payment orders issued by concerned ministers.

H. Mustafa

Symposium on Quality, Crisis of Management

DAMASCUS, (ST)- The 17thNational Symposium on Quality organized by the Syrian Scientific Society of Quality in cooperation with the Ministry of Industry and the National Program for Quality was held recently here about the concept of quality and crisis of management.

During the seminar, the Industry Minister, Kamal Eddine Tomah, underlined the importance of commitment of the senior management to quality and human resources management "scientific management with continuous training" and defining the relationship between the responsibilities and powers as well as transparency and integrity in the administrative work and institutional work performance evaluation and decision support systems.

The Minister of Industry clarified the importance of management increases in a country that exposes to economic, political and social challenges, which imposes on departments at all levels to rise to these challenges by developing a policy and mobilizing energies and resources and investing them optimally to achieve the best results through a management that adopts the concept of quality for the preparation of the Syrian economy to the requirements of the transitional phase in the  international,economic relations, characterized by intense competition under the laws of the globalization of trade.

The minister stressed the importance of providing the requirements of achieving quality so as to prepare the Syrian economic sectors for integration into the global economy, pointing to the adoption of the national policy document of quality as an essential step to support the quality system and lay the foundations for the restructuring of the legislative and regulatory governing institutions and activities in this area and so as to create for the provision of infrastructure for quality compatible with international requirements and is able to provide support for the economy to cope with trade openness, which requires a commitment to international standards and to demonstrate this commitment through the accreditation system and other components as well as to provide funding for quality enhancement program.

"Coordination and cooperation, participatory and eliminating of duplication are indicators of the effectiveness of this system and efficiency to build these institutions, along with the quest for the introduction of quality within national priorities and putting practical recommendations and operational steps in accordance a work plan that includes all concerned bodies," the minister added.

He also pointed to the need for the integration of the outputs of the national program for quality with other components of the program of administrative reform and economic transition in Syria to a robust economy takes care of the interests of the home and the citizen.

For his part, Chairman of the Syrian Scientific Society for Quality, Engineer Suleiman Attiya, pointed out that the current situation requires a new strategy to get out of the crisis of management through the stimulation of the Syrian establishments to adopt quality management systems and the exchange of experiences and expertise in the field of management development and building an institutional community able to respond to the crises and provide the necessary proposals to fortify the departments of crises .

"Avoiding a crisis before it happens is a solid foundation where the management system should be based upon, explaining the need to have a preventive system and taking into account all the potential problems and developing solutions and scientific studies to prevent its recurrence,". Eng. Attiya added.

For his part , a researcher in the affairs of quality, Dr. Maen  Al-Hourani, asserted the need of the senior management commitment to quality through the application of ISO 9001 in addition to the issuance of orders or monitor vital activities and commitment to be present daily at work and firmness in achieving the goals and linked closely with process of control and internal audit in addition to providing the necessary resources to the application processes and encouragement for all the work done such as study, planning, implementation.

Dr. Rajwa Jubeili confirmed the importance of institutions to identify and manage the human and physical factors of the work environment to achieve conformity of the product or service and to recognize possible emergencies and assess the risk of products for acts of possible sabotage that requires the development of protective and suitable standards in addition to developing a potential contingency plan and training on a regular basis according to the probability of occurrence and measuring the effectiveness and performance level of responsiveness with it.

Sh. Kh.

Local Administration losses hit S.P. 2795bn in 30 months

DAMASCUS,(ST)_The Local Administration Ministry's losses hit Syrian Pound 2795 billion in the past 30 months, according to the official news agency.

The agency quoted Deputy Prime Minister for Services Affairs, who also occupies the position of Local administration Minister Eng. Omar Ghalawengias saying: " Since the beginning of the crisis in 2011 and until the end of September 2013, the value of direct losses of the ministry and institutions that affiliate to it reached up to S.P. 627 billion while the indirect losses' value estimated S.P. 2168 billion."

Ghalawengi's remark was made today as he was chairing the meeting of Reconstruction Committee which discussed the demands of public institutions for subsidy.

The Committee approved spending S.P. 2.52 billion for rehabilitating part of damages of public companies .

In September 2013, the Tishreen newspaper reported that the amount S.P. 50 billion has been allocated for reconstruction process in 2014.


National Fund for Reconstruction of Industrial Plants

 DAMASCUS,(ST) –The Industrial, Development and Modernization Program in Syria in cooperation with the Ministry of Industry held recently a workshop that discussed a document for the rehabilitation and modernization of the Syrian industry with national expertise for the current phase and after the crisis

The Deputy Minister of Industry, Dr. Jamal Al –Omar, pointed out that the figures provided by the program need close examination, especially that there are unsafe areas are still developing industrial plants which is known for its difficult access.

He emphasized the need for suitable proposals for the post-crisis with the Government's vision for this phase and reconstruction to be able to set priorities that support the overall policy of the state with a focus on the basic industries that contribute to the reconstruction directly in addition to its compatibility with the vision of Syria's future.

For his part, the National Coordinator of the Program of Modernization and Industrial Development, Fouad al -Lahham, reviewed the reality of the Syrian industry and obstacles that hinder development including  poor infrastructure and weak integration within the activities of the sector and other sectors as well as weakness of industrial financing, the high costs,  the difficulty of its conditions and the one-sided party that should ermapping out and implementing policies with a predominance of the management traditional style .

Mr. al –Lahham pointed out to the difficulties and challenges that the Syrian industry  faced during the last decade including liberalization of trade exchange and the opening of the domestic market as well as "the limited results of the implementation of the 10th Five Year Plan of the manufacturing sector" and raise of fuel prices internally and its effect on the prices of goods and services as well as delays in the implementation of a comprehensive program of modernization and industrial development and the creation of supportive institutions.

Experts who prepared the document estimated the damage to the industrial sector that have been counted so far, which included 720 private industrial establishments, about  230 billion Syrian pounds and the public sector 100 billion Syrian pounds, noting that these losses led to the fragmentation of industrial plants and moving abroad and the migration of a large number of industrialists, workers and experts and the work ceased in facilities under construction and investment spending stopped in the public sector companies and industrial sectors.

Participants suggested a series of immediate measures to rehabilitate the industry including the creation of an industrial development council comprising of ministers concerned with the industrial and national fund for the reconstruction and operation of industrial plants, providing short loans to accelerate the rehabilitation of infrastructure and ensuring alternative safe sites for industrial facilities that were destroyed or difficult to access and ensure the rapid transfer of raw materials, fuel and employees.

The document proposed the reconstruction of the Ministry of Industry to be changed to industrial policies ministry with a new development role and facilitating the process of opening credits for production requirements and work on stabilizing the exchange rate for a period of time, and exemption the machinery, equipment and means of transport which were destroyed or lost from fees and taxes imposed on import and acceleration in amending the current investment law.

The document also called to conduct sectorial modern studies and accelerate the creation of institutions supporting the industrial sector and activating the role of business organizations and building national expertise in the field of modernization and industrial development, awareness of industrialists and their organizations of the importance of the presence information and correct and realistic data to ensure the diagnosis and follow-up to the reality of the Syrian industry accurately.

The participants in the workshop referred to the need for a working group of specialized technicians of national to map out a detail program to implement policies and measures proposed after being adopted by the of the bodies concerned.

Sh. Kh.

Discussion on agricultural sector amid crisis held in Damascus

DAMASCUS,(ST)_Prime Minister has affirmed the government's keenness to secure all requirements of food security and agricultural production to carry out strategic agricultural plans.

Dr. Wael al-Halqi said: "The government is seeking to ensure all requirements of agricultural production process and it attaches great importance to localization of agro-industries in all provinces and marketing crops inside the country and abroad in order to improve the peasants' living conditions and to enhance their stability in their lands." 

He praised the Syrian farmers' steadfastness during the current circumstances which the country s going through, noting that the General Union of the farmers played a key role in formulating  the national economic decision and in drawing up plans to upgrade the agricultural sector.

In addition, al-Halqi confirmed that meeting citizens' basic needs is among the government's priorities. "The government continues subsidize the  basic needs and it allocated Syrian pound 50 billion to compensate the citizens affected by the crisis."

The premier's remark was made during the meeting of the General Union of the Farmers held today in Damascus to debate means of removing obstacles that face agricultural sector.

For his part, The Baath Arab Socialist Party's Assistant Regional Secretary Hilal Hilal said that the ongoing war on Syria aims at destroying the national economy which has kept food security and self-efficiency as a guarantee for sovereignty of national decisions.

He explained how the armed terrorist groups are working systematically to notch up this goal.


Agriculture Minister Eng. Ahmad al-Qadri said that there is a plan to develop livestock in provinces, noting that a committee has been formed to amend the law of protecting forest wealth.

He added that the export of sheep is based on recommendations of a committee that defines the surplus of sheep after taking the needs of local market into account. "Some 200.000 sheep were exported last year."

Al-Qadri also cited that that ministry is working to increase the resources of the Fund of mitigating the effects of drought and natural disasters with a view to raise compensation to affected farmers.

Water Resources Minister Eng. Bassam Hanna clarified that 88% of water resources are being used for agricultural purposes while 9% as drinking water and 3% in sectors of industry and tourism.

He talked about the main points in the ministry's strategy.

Economy and Foreign Trade Minister Kheder Orphali stressed that oil derivates are available but the problem is in hauling  them to all provinces especially in the eastern part of the country where the armed terrorist groups attack convoys.   

The meeting discussed in details all problems that face the implementation of the agricultural plans, according to the official news agency.


Basma Qaddour