Olive Pomace .. Alternative Heating Source

HAMA, (ST) - The need and the lack of heating sources because of the current crisis and the difficulty of transporting forced many residents of Hama to use "olive pomace" as an alternative to face the winter season because the price of the material is cheap and it is easy to obtain.

The quantities of pomace, resulting from pressing olives, in the governorate exceeded 40 thousand tons. It is the suitable alternative for heating purposes in such circumstances instead of diesel as well as there is a possibility to convert it to a source of clean power

Pomace contains organic material and has very light proportions of oil. It is quite suitable for burning and if it is compressed and pressed, it does not produce any carbon emissions or emit toxic pollutants, but it is a rich substance in mineral elements.

 “It has become necessary to find ways to re-use this material because of the cheap price, ease of manufacturing, as well as to be used for heating purposes contributes to the reduction of over-logging operations that forests and forestry exposed to in the governorate,” agronomist, Salem Farah, said.

Director of the Olive Bureau in the Department of Forestry in Hama city agronomist, Mazen Tayfour, said that there are 40 olive oil presses working in Hama and huge quantities of pomace in front of the doors of the oil press nearly one thousand ton in each oil press.

Mr. Tayfour said that this material can be pressed and offered to the consumer in cylindrical- small shaped pieces to be sold for heating, pointing out that some studies and experiments confirmed that the burning of one kilogram of pulp produced by the thermal energy is equivalent to burning 1.4 liter of fuel oil.

Mr. Tayfour said that there is a lack of specialized plants to manufacture small cubes of pomace except one north of the village of Umm al Toyour west of Hama city.

The price per ton of this material is estimated at 2500 Syrian pounds as it can be utilized in agricultural operations, fertilizers and heating. The material is cheap and clean compared with wood and fuel oil anddoes not have any odors when operating.

Agronomist, Ahmed Harba, said that the material can be used in various fields as home heating within residential houses by using specialized stoves or for central heating purposes as well as in cooking, heating greenhouses, farms and in the tobacco furnaces.

“Wood compressed panels ,fodder for livestock can be made of this material due to its  richness in organic and mineral materials, explaining that it is better to add it directly in the autumn,  as an organic fertilizer for fruit trees and field crops,” Mr, Harba stressed.

Sh. Kh.

Mayaleh Denies Rumors on floating Syrian Pound

DAMASCUS,(ST)_The governor of the Central Bank of Syria Dr. Adib Mayaleh  said that allegation by some media on floating the  Syrian pound is categorically  untrue and part of the media war against Syria and its economy.

In a statement on Monday, Mayaleh said that this news which falls within the course of continued lies,  is but a new  pressure on the Syrian pound to raise skepticism in the ability of the   national economy to stand against the fierce war being waged against it.

Mayaleh explained  that the concept of the  alleged flotation contrasts the recent procedures taken by  the Central Bank of Syria in order to defend the exchange rate of the SP, noting that the   Central Bank intervenes on a daily basis through selling  hard currencies  to banks and banking institutions .

He also denied rumors about the central bank quest to keep the foreign exchange assets at the expense of the exchange rate,  indicating that the primary goal  of the Central Bank of Syria is to keep the exchange rate and that the Bank has enough foreign currencies  reserves .

 

T. Fateh

Underway Investment Projects at SP 8 billion

DAMASCUS,(ST)_ Despite pressures and sanctions that targeted the country's  institutions and businessmen, the Syrian Investment Commission SIC  licensed during the first quarter of 2013, eight  projects in the industrial sector , at an estimated cost of $ 7 billion and 964 million Syrian pounds (SP) .

SIC chairperson Hala Ghazal said that  two of these projects  were in Quneitra and one project in each of the provinces of Sweida,  Latakia, Homs, Damascus , Rural Damascus and Tartous.

Ghazal added that cost of machinery, plant ,equipment and transport services of the licensed projects amounted to SP 7 . 240 billion.

As for   industrial and  agricultural projects under implementation, Ghazal said that only one industrial project is  under implementation at a total cost of SP 27 . 500 million .

IN 2012, SIC licensed  45 investment projects at an estimated cost of  SP 37 . 604 . 149, including 26 projects in the industrial sector and nine projects in  Raqqa  , while 10 projects are underway  and other 11 projects  are already executed.

 

T. Fateh

Measures to Protect Syrian Oil from Terrorists – Minister

DAMASCUS,(ST) Minister of Oil and Mineral Resources Suleiman Abbas  stressed that as the only body authorized to invest oil resources  in Syria, the ministry  "will take all measures necessary to maintain this wealth against  hacking and looting attempts by monitoring oil  fields and wells closely  in coordination with ministries concerned  and other stakeholders. "

Statements of the oil minister came during a meeting on Wednesday with directors of oil institutions and companies and heads of the boards of joint-stock companies, working in Syria  where discussions dealt with executive measures be taken to protect oil and mineral wealth from looting, theft and systematic vandalism practiced by the armed terrorist groups  following  the EU decision  to purchase Syrian oil, from what  he called "armed opposition."

He stressed the need  that foreign companies operating in Syria, "to pressure on their governments to prevent the implementation of the  EU illegal decision  which is  inconsistent with the provisions of international law and the UN Charter.

He pointed out that the EU  decision represents a "flagrant violation of all international treaties in honoring  the sovereignty of States ."

The minister explained  that the EU  decision provides for  easing  oil embargo imposed on Syria since  September 2011 to support the armed terrorist groups  when  permitting three types of transactions for the oil sector in Syria  including finance, insurance,  and export of equipment and techniques necessary for extraction operations and the provision of sums  for the Syrian oil industry.

 

T. Fateh

Green Initiative Aims at Transition Towards Green Economy

DAMASCUS, (ST) -The green initiative for development in Syria aims at the transition towards a green economy as a basis for development in all sectors of the national economy according to 13 paths of development. The initiative is based on investing available potentials to achieve the strategic goals of economic, social, energy and food security through investing material and human energy, stopping waste, transforming the society into an energy of workers, qualifying new graduates in addition to ensuring the food basket for a period of 100 years and the shift to an export of energy to the global market. The green Initiative is based on three strategic pillars to reach those goals and that until 2050.

 The first pillar depends on investing renewable available energy sources to lift the burden of energy costs for industry and agriculture and residential energy sector and heading to the green architecture. The second pillar is to invest the surplus of rainfall in the Coastal area and    Al -Ghab Plain, 1450 million cubic meters of the coast and 1000 million cubic meters of Al -Ghab to develop and revitalize this area through launching a project for irrigating the inside and developing the agricultural areas in the governorates of Hama, Homs and Damascus. The third pillar focuses on the investment of human potentials of fresh graduates and young energetic.

The work team of the initiative underlines that Syria is one of the richest ten countries around the world in the diversified sources of renewable energies, including educated human capabilities that will be able to enter the labor market in all sectors in addition to renewable energy sources of wind, solar, bio-energy and water sources. The team considers that large waste in the energy sector and the support submitted to it and the big burdens the government bears make Syria an ideal state for a shift towards a green economy.

For this reason, the work has continued for the past three years in cooperation with the Climate Authority and the Green Finance Agency to crystallize a development project that puts the foundations of a green economy. Three axes have been identified in the green economy notably in the energy sector such as electricity, oil an gas including the launch of renewable energy production projects within an expansion of annual plan that produces 1000 MW and covers the annual increased demand of 400 MW and 600 MW for export.

 The  launch of investment projects in this sector to develop power plants currently existing in order to benefit from the wasted energy in these stations that reach 20 percent of the power rating which achieves an additional production in these stations exceeds 1000 MW and reduces the cost of the current production of the KT in addition to the development of extractive energies in oil fields through the adoption of plasma technology in the depths to achieve an increase in oil production capacity in the Syrian existing fields at a rate of 50 thousand barrels of oil per day.

The launch of investment projects, in the field of gas to be used in the gas cities and transport and these sectors, achieves an economic revenue equivalent to 10 times the current use of gas in power plants and the launch of a national project for the optimal wealth of phosphate instead of exporting this wealth as a raw material to Europe.

 The application of the green economy in the energy sector in Syria ensures more than 300 thousand jobs in less than five years for all disciplines of job seekers. The green team work explains that the green economy in the construction and housing sector adopts the green architecture as an alternative to the traditional architecture to ensure building  one million new houses over 10 years and this achieves setting up urban green complexes in cities and towns and produced their need of energy with a surplus which eases the burden of the household consumption of energy and launch of development projects in the existing cities to green cities, towns and districts with a view to eliminating visual and urban distortion.   The   green economy, in this sector, provides over 500 thousand jobs in all engineering and vocational sectors and regulates the labor market, which is currently run at random in these sectors.

In the sector of solid waste, the adoption of green management converts the household waste to productive sector, manages processes of transportation, deportation and safe disposal of all types of waste from the source to the stations with the participation of families and taking advantage of the components of the waste in the production of electrical energy and recycling to secure more than 100 thousand jobs.

The green economy, in the agricultural sector and livestock production, is carried out through the adoption of renewable energy in agriculture and the work on the food security project including rainwater harvesting in the coast and moving it to the inside to be invested in the desert region, stretching between Homs and Damascus to produce the Syrian food basket. Through the development of the project with the course of the Orontes River including Al –Ghab Plain, the Green Economy will ensure the food basket and agro-processing, especially with the presence of the industrial area in Hesya to be turned into a great agricultural and animal manufacturing zone in addition to the development of livestock in the project area through a national project for Al -Awass sheep and Shami goats and raising all kinds of animal wealth, whereas green economy will provide, in this sector, more than 500 thousand jobs over 10 years.

In the industrial sector, the destination will be towards industrialization based on local primary sources as a part of a plan to manufacture the available raw material in Syria for the production of an added value generated by the manufacturing process to adopt renewable energy sources and green clean technology. The strategic objective is to secure the needs of the market of all industrial materials that make the list of imports to the list zero, then the work to export the locals based on the local materials and the green economy will ensure, in this sector, more than 300 thousand jobs in all industrial disciplines.                                                                              

Sh. Kh.