Syrian Folk Jewellery

 

  The " folk jewllery" usually  means  the traditional  jewllery of the urban, rural and nomadic population  of  Syria, conceived as a cultural region.

Jewellery was the most important possession of all married women. It was given to them as part of their bride-price or in return for their contribution to the family income. Among peasants and nomads this payment in jewellery was made after the end of yearly economic cycle, while for the city-dwellers it depended on the results of the family business. If women themselves were active in business they invested their surpluses in jewellery.

Traditionally the most important material for jewellery was silver, but for poorer  people copper and bronze were also used. Silver gilt and gold were less common and used only in exceptional cases. Precious stones played no part in folk jewellery, but semi-precious stones occur occasionally. There are very few silversmiths still working in Syria, in Damascus and Deir ezzor. The silversmiths of Deir ezzor can only produce a very limited amount of work because the lack of their raw material, silver. The silversmiths still working today therefore basically restrict themselves to repair work. Syrian jewellery shows influences of Egyptian, Palestinian and Yemenite jewellery, as well as of jewellery from present-day Turkey, the Caucasus, Iran and Central Asia.

The folk jewellery of the region thus reflects Syria's extensive trading contacts and the very heterogeneous composition of the Syrian population. The armlets and anklets especially show types similar to those found all over the Arabian Peninsula and beyond as far as the Arab-influenced East African coast- but there is no connection with the lewellery of Arab North Africa.                                                

 

Maysa  Wassouf

 

A Tale of a Brave Man Defending Homeland

 

 

 

Distance doesn't permit the action to be seen, rather, words convey feelings when distance hinders. No matter the distance that separates us now, I can assure you that this gap will be bridged, as we really get to meet again sooner. As the saying goes: "True Love  knows no boundaries and no distance; miles and obstacles mean absolutely nothing in the face of love" Though miles may lie between us right now, we'll never be apart forever, for your love doesn't count the miles, it's measured by the heart.

I want to take your breath away every time I say, "I love you" because you know it's coming from the heart. I want us to sit down with a box of strawberries, a bottle of chocolate syrup, and a mint chocolate ice cream; well, I'll let your imagination finish that one. I want to love you and be with you at least FOREVER or a little longer than forever. I couldn't really express in words what I'm feeling right now so I decided to share with you SOME of these words, thoughts that have been running through my head………

And till now….till this moment, the dream does not come true. Death was close to the martyr before arriving to his fiancé…may his soul rest in peace.

 

Hanan Shamout

 

 

 

Art for life not for art,says Dayoub

Syrian artist Mahmoud Dayoub has recently held an individual exhibition at the "Maktab" gallery in Damascus.

Through his paintings,Dayoub established himself as one of the best artists in Syria who tackled philosophical issues.

Dayoub also endeavors to convey a clear message to his panel's viewers that a man has been transformed from a creative one into a monster-like creature.

In his panel,titled."the Windmill's Donkey,he depicted a monster revolving around nothing heading to the unknown.

"I do believe that art is for life and not for art itself", Dayoub clarified.

"in my own view point,the artist revealed a certain idea when he held an exhibition.Hence,through my paintings,I am always focusing on the negative aspect of societies only to adopt good values",he asserted.

Dayoub graduated from the Fine Arts Faculty-Photography Section-Damascus University in 2005.

He held his first individual exhibition at the Damascus-based French Cultural Center in 2007.

Dayoub also participated in a number of individual and collective exhibition held in Iran,Tunisia,France,Spain and Holland.

 

Maysa Wassouf

 

 

World's oldest wall painting unearthed in Syria

 Syria was at the crossroads of the ancient world and has thousands of mostly unexcavated archaeological sites , it would suffice for one to make a tour in Syria to see that it is deemed to be the gate of human civilization and that each building has a historical story and each archeological site has a long exiting tale. 

 An archeological excavation works which was carried out during the past few years in Syria have discovered an 11,000-year-old wall painting underground in northern Syria which the excavation team believe it is the oldest in the world.

 The 2 square-meter painting, in red, black and white, was found at the Neolithic settlement of Djade al-Mughara on the Euphrates, northeast of the city of Aleppo.

 "It looks like a modernist painting. Some of those who saw it have likened it to work by  the known artist Paul Klee. Through carbon dating we established it is from around 9,000 B.C.," the leader of the excavation team commented.

 "We found another painting next to it, but that won't be excavated until few years later because it needs a slow work," .

 Rectangles dominate the ancient painting, which formed part of an adobe circular wall of a large house with a wooden roof. The site has been excavated since the early 1990s.

 The painting was moved to Aleppo's museum, and its red colour came from burnt hematite rock, crushed limestone formed the white and charcoal provided the black.

 The world's oldest painting on a constructed wall was one found in Turkey but that was dated 1,500 years after the one at Djade al-Mughara, according to Science magazine.

 The inhabitants of Djade al-Mughara lived off hunting and wild plants. They resembled modern day humans in looks but were not farmers or domesticated.

 "There was a purpose in having the painting in what looked like a communal house, but we don't know it. The village was later abandoned and the house stuffed with mud," the leader of the team said.

 A large number of flints and weapons have been found at the site as well as human skeletons buried under houses.

 "This site is one of several Neolithic villages in modern day Syria and southern Turkey. They seem to have communicated with each other and had peaceful exchanges", he added.

 Mustafa Ali, a leading Syrian artist, said similar geometric design to that in the Djade al-Mughara painting found its way into art throughout the Levant and Persia, and can even be seen in carpets and  rugs.

 "We must not lose sight that the painting is archaeological, but in a way it's also modern," he said.

 

 

Maysa Wassouf

 

 

 

W.Istanbuli,Father of Sculpture in Syria

 

 

 

Born in Aleppo , north Syria in 1940, Waheed Istanbuli was the first teacher of sculpture at the Fine Arts Centre.

Waheed studied the fine arts in Austria from 1961 till 1966.

In 1968, he made the"Fertility" (the biggest statue in Syria).

 It is installed at the entrance Aleppo city. In 1984, Waheed made the final touches to his great work  "Al-Battani" that stood at the entrance of Al-Raqqa city.

Waheed won a number of local, Arab and foreign awards. Many of his sculptures decorate the public squares and streets in addition to private houses in some of the country's towns and cities.

Waheed is viewed by arts critics as one of the founders of contemporary Syrian art of sculpture.

He   was renowned for his small-size sculptures in addition to large-size ones including Al-Battani and Fertility.

Old and modern prominent Arab dignitaries drew Waheed's attention .Hence, he exerted strenuous efforts to make them in the hall of fame through his sculptures.

Waheed Istanbuli passed away in Aleppo in 1994 after a long suffering from kidney disease.

 

Maysa Wassouf