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Manual professions.. Creativity and art

She masters all kinds of manual and traditional professions and works hard and actively to pass on her experiences to everyone who wants to learn it, whether women or children. She is a trainer of manual professions in the Rajaa Association for Special Needs "Nazmiyeh Melhem Ismail" which gave this particular category a special care .

Nazmiyeh Melhem is a trainer of handcrafts and a board member in the Handicrafts Association of the Craftsmen Union and a board member of the Heritage Revival Society in Draikish City in addition to being a member of the life skills team of the Ministry of Culture since the beginning of the war on Syria, and she is a member of the volunteer team in the Syrian Secretariat trained (straw - bamboo – pottery).

Melhem confirms in an interview with her that she worked to train more than 400 women and girls through the peasants union and the union of craftsmen and the women’s union previously on the profession of sewing and drawing on the glass, and she has many participations in the exhibitions held with the Ministry of Tourism and Culture and the Basil Gallery and within the cultural centers in Baniyas ,Dreikish , Sheikh Badr, and permanent participation in the Sheikh Saleh Al-Ali Festival and the annual exhibition of the Association of Manual Professions.

Souq "El Dayaa", the Oldest Historical Souq in Lattakia

The Dayyaa Souk is currently known as the “Souk al-Dawla”, and it is the oldest souq in Latakia. It is located in the center of Lattkia between Ugarit neighborhood and the old Sulaibah.

It begins in Abu Tammam Park and ends on Al Quwatli Street. It contains a group of ancient ruins similar to Roman ruins. Few people know it by this name.

There is archaeological evidence of "historical buildings characterized by arches and narrow lanes" thus giving an idea of the city of Lattakia in the pre Islamic era.

Some people said al-Dayyaa was a palace with a stable on its lower floor, and in the upper part people sat.

People in Dayyaa were working with bleaching and there was a market for welders, carpenters and blacksmiths.

Lama Razzok

Renovation project in Krak Des Chevalier starts

The General Directorate of Museums and Antiquities has started the renovation of some sites in Krak Des Chevaliers. Director of the Citadel Na'ema Mhartem underlined the importance of this vital project which includes the restoration of several sites in the citadel that were destroyed or damaged because of the terrorist acts.

Earlier, the restoration works in the citadel included the requalification of  the water system.

The Antiquities Directorate in cooperation with the Hungarian side  also completed all the historical, archaeological and architectural study of all parts of the citadel.


Al-Annat, Village of History and Civilization

Al-Sweida, (ST) - The village of al Annat, located in the southernmost countryside of the city of Sweida, is famous of its ancient ruins, which tell the story of ancient civilizations. Its houses are built of basalt stones, which together with vineyards and apples form a fascinating plate that fascinates spectators.

The village, Annat is distinguished by its beautiful nature, its varied air, its streets, its narrow paths between its monumental monuments, which smell of time and history.
The head of the Department of archeology in Sweida, Dr. Nashaat Kiwan, pointed out to SANA that Annat village and its name is taken from the fertile gods is one of the historical villages whose history dates back to ancient times, roads, old sidewalks, parts of houses and archeological towers.
In addition to the presence of two large ponds built during the reign of Ezz Al-Deek Aibak in 1138 AD. At that time convoys coming from Wadi Al-Sarhan passed through Azraq area all the way to al-Annat.

 It is noteworthy that the al-Annat is 54 km away from the city of Al-Sweida, 1135 meters above the sea level, and is administratively affiliated to the Salkhad area.

 Raghda Sawas

The Monastery of St. Elian the Hermit "Whispers of the past and visions of the future"

Part II


Excavations in the Monastery

Excavations began with a stock-take of all the archaeological finds (including fragments of glassware and pottery) and a geophysical survey. The collapse of the church in 1938 was a genuine catastrophe in that it was one of the oldest churches in Quryatein, especially one where holy rites were still performed. However it did lead to the discovery that the church stood on the ruins of an older one from the 17th century, which itself was also built on the foundations of yet another church from the 16th century.

Another key discovery was the frame of a cover of an ammunitions storage chest.

This bore some similarity to the cover of the sarcophagus of the grave of St. Elian, both of them having been constructed from marble. The frontispiece consisted of two discs which were pierced to allow the extraction of holy oil from within the chest. This is since relics from the saints (a piece of bone, a finger or other bodily part) would be placed in the chest and then immersed in oil which was subsequently believed to become blessed.

Behind the western wall of the church were chambers set aside for storage, confirmed by the discovery therein of jars of various sizes. Also, a cemetery for the burial of monks was discovered next to the door of the church. This was discovered accidentally during the course of the dig, as was a structure that appears to have been used as living quarters for the monks. There appear to have been numerous guest chambers for visiting pilgrims needing shelter whilst they performed their devotions. Animal bones were also found, scattered amongst the rooms from calves, lambs and camels, as were several grindstones. Each room contained a fireplace and a collection of pottery and glassware fragments, pots, pans and several coins. There is evidence that ritual slaughter was carried out here, which demonstrates that religious rites were undertaken in the place during the Ottoman and Mamluk periods.

Continued excavation in the courtyard revealed a Byzantine church which would appear to have to been used during different periods of history from the Ayyubid and the Abbasid periods onwards. The discovery of this simple structure symbolised the very spirit of the area and perpetuation of monastic life and religious rites throughout the Byzantine, Abbassid, Ayyubid, Mamluk and even the Ottoman periods, saying a great deal about Christian architecture and religious practice during a period of predominantly Islamic rule.

Most significant was the discovery of a church that ran concurrent with the life of St. Elian in the 4th century A.D. This confirms the accuracy of the 17th and 18th century manuscripts stating that St. Elian was buried in this monastery. Also there is evidence from this period (St. Elian’s tomb and the doorway of the church which dates back to the 17th century A.D.), underlined in the texts carved in stone of the inside of the small monastery door dating back to the 14th century A.D. This text was intended to protect the monks of the time and reaffirms the existence of monastic life in this period. It all clearly confirms that there was indeed an old monastery in Quryatein during the lifetime of holy St. Elian.

Adopted by: Haifaa Mafalani