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Sudan is the Arab Food Parcel

Sudan is the Arab lost  agricultural treasure. In realty it is the Arab world's food parcel.  we all know this axiomatic reality from our books and studies.

Sudan  has all the prerequisites of agriculture, fertile land, water, in addition to other natural resources.

Moreover, the country's water resources stem mainly from the Nile  river  which yields 18.5 billion cubic meters , in addition to 40 billion cubic meter from the trapped water  below the  crust. besides, rainfall average in Sudan is 150 - 700 Millimeters.

In fact Sudan has also a strategic and prominent location in the heart of Africa  where its land borders 9 African states .The huge expansion  of the Sudanese area is the main  reason behind  the city's various agricultural systems and the production of many different bumper crops.

However, under the  current  global food crisis in general and in the Arab world in particular, many Arab states are currently pursuing  investments in Sudan with respect to the agricultural sector , namely in the field of strategic crops .The step came within the framework of the Sudanese government's call on the Arab states to implement  agricultural enterprises on its properties.

 The Sudanese bid  enables  the Arab states to utilize the Sudanese natural resources and environmental diversity from the desert at the north to the equatorial plains  in the south.  Namely, from the country's  spacious fields which consist of 40% of  the Arab world arable land.

However,  the Arab world  with a population of 350 million  is currently suffering from a real problem  threatening its food security. The Arab states are now importing foodstuffs from the  world's various countries at a cost of  USD35 billion to meet their need for food . .Sudan in its turn  also faces  a real famine due to the latest developments in the country ,namely the secession of its south.

In this regard Jordan was the first Arab country to respond to Sudan's call . the Jordanian government signed an accord with its Sudanese counterpart on enhancing cooperation in the agricultural field.

Abu Dhabi also decided to plant 70.000 acres in Sudan. While Saudi Arabia,  aiming to protect its food safety decided to plant staples such as wheat ,rice, bean, and corn on the Sudanese fields.

The Arab investments will  have a positive and genuine impact on relieving the food crisis in Khartoum and establishing  a joint Arab agricultural policy.

It is noteworthy that Sudan has 200 million acres of fertile land,50 million acres of which are planted and 150 are still wasteland due to  the lack of stability and security in the war-torn country.

 The General administration for Agricultural investments in Sudan launched a new initiative for developing its agricultural sector through enhancing cooperation with its fellow Arabs in this regard.

But in line with Sudan's successive crisis including the south , Darfur and the crises of  the east and north , the country encounters genuine obstacles in developing its farming sector. 

However the most dangerous challenge which is currently facing Sudan is the transformation of its economy from a productive one depending on agriculture to an economic aspect regarding  the production of oil.

Nahla Maaz

Does Egypt need America or vice versa

Any state importance and impact lies in close as in remote geographical surroundings through objective data like: geopolitical location, population, size, natural and human resources. It is also manifested by the way this data is invested along with the leadership ability to employ them; driven by a national policy motivation and supervision and good governance. In addition, the state importance lies in its ability to have balanced relations with the states of the world, particularly those politically and economically active and influent.

The application of  the afore mentioned factors  on a state by the size of Egypt, will lead to the following conclusion:  Egypt is a historically formed country over the course of an uninterrupted civilization accumulation, which gained uniqueness and excellence. Mostly, since it was as a state and people, productive and effective in the course of human civilization by evidence that more than a quarter of archaeological sites in the world are on  Egyptian territories. Besides, Egypt is Africa's largest country (population and size), crossed by the world's largest river  the Nile and its “High” dam, behind it is one of the largest artificial lakes storing about 48 billion cubic meters of water. Whereas, the most important component of Egypt geopolitical force is the Suez Canal, being the most important waterway and navigation in the world controlling global trade traffic, ships and military warships transit roaming the world seas and oceans. Along with its natural resources and geographical features, an another effective factor is human-Masri (Egyptian), who offered the human civilization most important creations for more than 8000 years and still is, emphasizing the interrelationship between the place genius and the human one.

Furthermore,  Egypt was center for chief empires throughout history adding  importance to its geographical and cultural surroundings represented by its interaction with the Levant, North Africa, and Nile Valley South.  Egypt's national security and role effectiveness are achieved through that crucial relationship interacting with all factors. This is the most important history lesson that Egyptians are well aware of.  But Egypt’s current importance increased because of the Zionist entity existence in occupied Palestine and its organic association with the West and America. Therefore,  the Zionist entity security is mainly influenced by Egypt’s political identity and leadership, along with that political identity stance from  Arab-Zionist conflict being governed by geography, history, and affiliation.  from that fact came  America’s interest in Egypt’s political system nature, position in the region’s projects framework, nations game, and political maps weaved to reshape the region.

Through factors afore mentioned,  plus Egypt’s pivotal role in the region; we can say that America's superpower is more in need for Egypt and not vice versa. On the light of America’s global interests and major strategies whether military or economic, as well as its crucial relationship with the Zionist entity and its commitment to secure and stabilize that entity. Having in mind, that Egypt and Syria pose the biggest challenge in the face of that aggressive racial entity.

The strength of any country – in Egypt’s size and importance - lies mainly in the strength of the political will reflected by its national leadership and liberation from all forms of pressure or mortgaging; which is a genuine expression of sovereignty and independence concepts.  Moreover, the ability to maximize  national capacities incitement  to reserve and support the political leadership in its national options; in addition to investment in the national factor by its key components the army and the people. Only then,  through that important and strategic equation,  any external force whatever its  tools  (military, economic, or financial)  -which America is threatening to use toward Egyptian state- cannot have a structural impact on the course of events in “Arabist Egypt”.


Dr. khalaf.almuftah

Edited & Translated by: L. Alhassanieh

Egypt's Brotherhood, A Resounding Downfall

No strange what Egypt is facing nowadays. A huge failure to the brotherhood in controlling the state's government resulting in popular congestion overboard more than of what was going on before the downfall of Mubarak.

The deteriorating economic situation among Egyptians, declining in tourism and investment, degeneration of the general situation, failure to meet the challenges, declining of Egypt's important role on the Arab and regional arenas and harnessing the state's agencies for the benefit of the Muslim Brotherhood, all these circumstances combined were an apparent reason that precipitated the downfall of Mursi and his government. Therefore, Mursi and the Muslim brotherhood were an envitable decision.

The Muslim Brotherhood believed that the access to the Egyptian's presidency means their right to harness the state's agencies for their benefits.

And thus they could gradually dominate the Egyptian society and influence their  perceptions on various social and political spectra though organized terrorism.

Owing to the Gulf political finances and the enormous media marketing, which accompanied the election period in Egypt to steal the dreams of the Egyptians and their hopes to have a promising future,all Egyptians' hopes went in tatters having been hoodwinked by Saudi Arabia and Qatar to provide a substantial assistance in the event of accepting the Brotherhood regime.

It is noteworthy that the adoption of the American Master of the political Islam in Egypt and marketing it as an additional stalwart or alternative supporter to the Turkish rule to be as an economic or political role model through the brotherhood rule.

 The American Master abandoned the brotherhood and Mursi's rule. U.S.A usually dumps the losing horses when they are wrong.

Some of the Arab governments have their role ended by the American master and others will follow suit when the brotherhood's conspiracy transpired in addition to Turkey and the Gulf States who were exposed in front of their people.

During his speech, Mursi disappointed the Egyptians. He wasted a chance for the national reconciliation unless the Egyptian army played a role by ridding Egypt of risks of further collapse. This great army fought along with the Syrian one in Tishreen war.  

The statement of the Egyptian armed forces quelled the political congestion resulting from the lack of experience of Mursi and the Muslim Brotherhood who affirmed mismanagement in ruling the country that could lead it to a civil war because of Mursi's foolhardiness. The army intervened to save Egypt from disintegration by drawing out a national map in accordance with the youth, religious and political events to announce isolating Mursi and his government  and to hold snap presidential elections headed by the chief of the constitutional court.

 Will Egypt emerge from its crisis?

Will it return to take its large Arab and regional role ?

Ahmad Orabi Ba'aj

T & E : H. SH

Revisiting Syria, 20 - 25 June 2013

Kris Janssen


Al-Qusayr is a small city in Homs governorate. It is located about 35 kilometres from the

provincial capital Homs and 15 kilometres from the Lebanese border overlooking a

mountainous area.

Although it's a small city, it has great strategic importance because of its proximity to

Lebanon and it provides a direct gateway to the provincial capital of Homs, the coastal

area around Tartous and also to Damascus countryside.

The small city of al-Qusayr grabbed the world's headline news in the last couple of weeks

because of the ferocious battle which took place between the extremist militants and the

so called Free Syrian army supported by the international anti-Syrian coalition on the one

hand and the Syrian National Army on the other hand. The battle for the liberation of al-

Qusayr began on the 19th of May and ended on the 5th of June 2013 resulting in a

decisive victory for the Syrian National Army.

Because of its strategic importance, the extremist militants designed a plan to capture al-

Qusayr and to use the city as a launching pad for further attacks and terrorist actions.

Their operations started in February 2012 and were build around the same tactics used

before in other parts of Syria, especially in the city of Daraʼ a near the Jordanian border.

Just as Daraa'

The city of al-Qusayr is near to a border, in this case the Lebanese border,

which made it an easy target to infiltrate. The master plan was to have some rough

elements infiltrating the city and making trouble after the Friday prayers as to provoke the

security services and police. The extremist elements hoped for a heavy handed

intervention of the security services and by doing so provoking violence and conflict

between the civilian population and the security services. The local administration, well

aware of these attempts, didn't trap into this provocation and stayed as much as possible

on the sidelines. When this provocation failed, some terrorists with a foreign nationality

intervened and opened fire from sniper positions killing an innocent civilian hoping that the

inhabitants would put the blame on the security services. This started a vicious cycle of

violence and while making use of the confusion more terrorists infiltrated the city and

began a campaign of sectarian cleansing in which they forced all Christians, Shi'a Muslims

and Alawites out of the city or to be killed. When these families fled the city their houses

were immediately taken by the terrorists and their belongings looted. From this moment on

they started to terrorise the remaining inhabitants who decided to stay and to attack the

local police- and security services gradually taking over full control of al-Qusayr.

It should be mentioned that some families refused to flee al-Qusayr and decided to stay

whatever the cost and by doing so risking their lives and that of their relatives. One person

became a local hero and a symbol for his actions representing others who made similar

attempts to defend their streets and neighbourhoods till the last moment sacrificing their

lives for the defence of the homeland. His name was Hanna (Arabic for John). Hanna was

a Christian from al-Qusayr. When the extremist militants took over the city he refused to

give in to the threats and organised with his family, friends and neighbours a self-defence

brigade to protect his street and neighbourhood against the sectarian cleansing carried out

by the terrorists. For more than four months he managed to defend the neighbourhood

although fully surrounded by the extremists and even after the killing of his father and

brother he continued his courageous defence efforts. When after four months Hanna

himself was killed he became a symbol for the inhabitants of the city and the slogan “We

are all Hanna” became a household name along the population of al-Qusayr used not only

to honour Hanna but also to honour and remember all the other martyrs who gave their

lives in the same circumstances to defend al-Qusayr and its inhabitants against the

barbaric acts of the terrorists. There was not only one Hanna but many Hanna's who

scarified their lives for the noble goal of freedom and against extremism.

Once the terrorists took over al-Qusayr, they began implementing their diabolic plan of

destroying every possible symbol of peaceful coexistence between the inhabitants of al-

Qusayr. They destroyed the local church, mosques and other important places where Shia

Muslims, Alawites or Christians used to come together.

Furthermore, these terrorist elements began to dig tunnels under all public buildings and

placed explosives beneath them to blow them up. Especially those building which provided

a service to the community as the public hospital that had such an excellent reputation that

it even was used extensively by the Lebanese living over the border, but also schools,

electricity- and water supply infrastructure were destroyed. The purpose of these

destructions was to erase every form of peaceful cohabitation between the citizens of al-

Qusayr and make living conditions so harsh as to force the Christian, Shia and Alawite community out of the city or to be killed. It should also be mentioned that in the sick and twisted minds of these extremists the public buildings were not there to provide services to the population but symbolised the authority of the Syrian government. According to their

vision the public hospital providing healthcare for the whole population of al-Qusayr and

surroundings was “the hospital of Bashar al-Assad”. The schools providing education for

the children of al-Qusayr were in analogy “the schools of Bashar al-Assad”, etc... . In this

twisted logic every public building or infrastructure providing services to the population had

to be destroyed bringing living standards in al-Qusayr back to the stone ages.

On the 19th of May 2013, the Syrian National Army began a massive military operation to

liberate al-Qusayr. This resulted in a decisive victory and the Syrian army regained full

control of al Qusayr on June 5th. The terrorists, faced with an absolute defeat, began

implementing the tactic of the scorched earth. While retreating, they carried out the

destruction of the whole city by blowing up the remaining private houses or using them as

hiding places to open fire on the advancing Syrian army. At the end of the battle of al-

Qusayr, not a single house or building in the centre of the city was spared by the

destructive actions of the terrorists. Not a single house or building in al-Qusayr was or

demolished or heavily damaged. These destructions didnt really have a military tactical

purpose but was carried out by these extremist militants for the sake of the destruction

itself. To make a return by the inhabitants of al-Qusayr to their homes or what is left of it as

difficult as possible and also to let the Syrian authorities face the tremendous task of

rebuilding the demolished city from scratch.

The Western media were quick to accuse the Syrian army for the destruction of the city as

a result of its military operations but all witness reports from the local inhabitants who were

still trapped in the city during the battle point to the coalition of Jabhat al-Nusra fighters

and the so called Free Syrian Army as the culprits and perpetrators of the destruction of al-

Qusayr. Moreover, it would make no sense at all for the Syrian National Army to destroy

the city and this for several reasons. First of all, the Syrian National Army is the army for

every Syrian independent of their sectarian background. The ultimate goal of liberating al-

Qusayr was to make it possible for all its citizens to return to their homes in safety to

rebuild and continue their lives. Destruction of the city would make this goal much more

difficult as everything has to be rebuild and, most importantly, the local population put their

trust in the Syrian army as defenders of the homeland. It would be totally illogical and

contradictionary to think that the Syrian army, being the liberators of al-Qusayr and

defenders of the homeland, providing security to its citizens, would have an interest in

destroying al-Qusayr. To underline the positive role of the Syrian army and authorities it

must be stressed that the same day the Syrian National Army liberated al-Qusayr thegovernor of Homs province came to the city to support the citizens and make an account

of the destructions perpetrated by the terrorists. Forthwith a full inventory was made of

priority repairs to be done to provide the citizens as soon as possible with all the basic

amenities and utilities to facilitate the return to their houses. Just days after the liberation

of al-Qusayr workshops were already implementing these repairs restoring water and

electricity to some parts of the city, removing debris and clearing streets. Because of the

scale of the destruction new power-lines and pipes for the distribution of electricity and

water have to be rebuild all over the city but engineering units and mobile workshops are

working day and night to gradually restore these services in every neighbourhood of al-


Another element of the battle of al-Qusayr which was highlighted in the Western media

was the role played by the Hezbollah resistance movement in the liberation of the city. The

view put forward by these Western media outlets was that without the direct involvement of Hezbollah the Syrian army would not have succeeded or would not have been able to

liberate al-Qusayr and defeat the terrorists and extremists active in the city.

As an answer to these faulty statements made to influence and disinform the general

public it should be underlined that the role of Hezbollah was a supportive role while the

liberation of al-Qusayr and the accompanying military operations where fully carried out by

the Syrian National Army according to a tactical plan designed and implemented by the

command of the Syrian army itself. The main reason of the involvement of Hezbollah was

to secure the border areas cutting off supply routes to the extremist militants and by

securing the border areas also making sure that the conflict would not spill over to the

villages on the Lebanese side of the border. Another aspect, generally not known by the

Western public, is that a significant number of Lebanese citizens are living on the Syrian

side of the border. These Lebanese civilians are extremely vulnerable as the Lebanese

army cannot provide them with security because they are living on the Syrian side of the

border and the Syrian army was fully engaged in liberating al-Qusayr and providing

security to its own citizens. Because of this precarious situation, the Hezbollah movement

had no choice as to intervene and secure the borders to avoid a massacre by the

retreating extremists.

American Democracy!

The United States of America has a right to enter in the  European mind to know what  it thinks about. So,  It will be very angry if the European countries as France, Germany, England tried to say : we  refuse this action from the American side .

This fact has changed its place from darkness to light when all the world discovered that the American authorities spied on the telephone calls of European leaders and business men.

Now we have a big desire to see the reaction of the old continent.  The French president François Hollande spoke about future results to leave their effects on the relationship between the two sides , and we understood that the situation will be very dangerous especially when he said : we cannot accept this kind of behavior between partners and allies.” the spying should “immediately stop .

Here we have short comment and we have courage to tell Mr. Hollande that the spying will resume its quite journey soon after a short pause .

After these sharp words, the American president Barack Obama felt  that he was very afraid of the French position. Further,  in Berlin, a spokesman for Chancellor Angela Merkel of Germany, Steffen Seibert, echoed Mr. Hollande’s anger over the eavesdropping. “We’re not in the cold war anymore,” he told the anger overshadowed efforts by Secretary of State John Kerry to play down concerns about American surveillance, telling reporters at a conference of Southeast Asian nations in Brunei on Monday that “every country in the world” involved in international affairs engages in activities to protect its national security porters.

Now we are facing real problem concerning both the place and the time .

The first problem is our looking for ourselves ,because we do not know if we are living in the cold war epoch or in the hot war epoch.

The second problem is related to the form of this war , and we are able to give many examples ; what had happened in Afghanistan and Iraq ,what are happening in "the Arab spring" countries , the Iranian nuclear file , the tense situation in Korean peninsula.

The American administration persists to name this epoch "the American Democracy"  and under this term we have to expect many surprises : constructive confusion , ethnic conflicts in many places , continued arms race between Russia and the western block , universal economic and financial crises.

It seems that the road of human suffering with the results of this  American democracy will be very long and very hard at the same time .


Dr. Jihad Taher Bakfalouni