Al – Saud 's Reckless Policy

The  current  news about  the  Syrian Arab Army 's  victories against  terrorism  and the  cleansing of  all  areas from terrorist groups had become  the  only main concern that worries   the U.S. administration  and  other Western and regional enemies of  Syria.

US and its allies didn't  seek  the political solution in Syria. They all hurry to  rescue  their mercenaries by providing them with weapons and money, thinking that it will change the balance of power  on Syrian territories . Moreover, the main goal of  the  enemies of Syria is  to grab the papers  as to  benefit them in the supposed  Geneva 2 conference.

On the other hand,  Al Saud had  pledged to pay all  costs of  supporting terrorism in Syria by  bringing  mercenaries and providing  them  with money, no matter how many  these costs are. But their latest shameful action  in bringing Taliban of  Pakistan to Syria  is considered a big proof of their hostility to the  Syrians. It  is a priority for Al Saud  to destroy and tear Syria off.

Al Saud  had  described  Syria as an occupied territory,  the thing   which they did not do about  Palestine.  Saudi Arabia provided  terrorists  in Syria with money and weapons  while it exerted great efforts to  prevent  the arrival of these weapons to the Palestinian resistance.

They are fighting Syria, the only Arab country that is still defending  the issues of the Arab nation in all circumstances, forgetting  its  important role  in resisting the  Israeli occupation.

Actually, in response  to the direct orders from the US, Saudi Arabia became  the first agent  in the region  at this stage. Al Hamads  of Qatar  were  excluded  and ugly faces were  replaced by the uglier.

Furthermore, anyone  can notice clearly  Erdogan's implicit  rejection of  the  Saudi Arabia's new role and its preference by  the US  Master . Indeed  he  was unable to do anything but grumbled  and made arrogant  statements. Erdogan  used to  offer loyalty and obedience, he should  just  be silent  waiting  new orders.

 The State of self-distancing is officially distancing itself from seeing the weapons  shipments that  were  discharged  at the port of Tripoli  and smuggled into Syria  under the protection of  Jabhat al-Nusra and others.

But thanks to  the Syrian Arab Army  and its  heroic epics , the  victory is surely  coming whether Al Saud liked it or not.


Ahmed Orabi Ba'aj

E&T: M. Wassouf

Bilderberg Group: World Company, Syria on the Agenda!

Writing sometimes is more an advocation than a vocation. Browsing Internet for translation material suitable for my MA project in translation; I deliberately, discover a statement made by former Cuban president, Fidel Castro, referring to a clandestine group having supremacy on the most powerful and influential personalities in the World; as well as dominance over almost every industrial, financial, economical, and political leading sector.

At that exact moment, I was sure that my project will discuss that precise issue; it was like a bang. Driven by my strong  sense of curiosity, I  researched that secret group, all fingers where pointing at an award-winning investigative journalist who has been researching the Bilderberg Group for over 17 years, Daniel Estulin.  He is the author of La Verdadera Historia del Club Bilderberg (2005), a bestseller in Spain, where he is based.

But, today Estulin in The True Story of The Bilderberg Group (2009)[1], exposes what has never being told: what the world's political and financial leaders have been talking about us, at their annual secret conclaves — the Bilderberg Group meetings. That book has led to astounding revelations, spot-on predictions of world events and a scrambling feverish attempt to blot out the light that Daniel has shown inside the shroud of secrecy: where world events are playthings, Presidents are chosen, Wars formatted, Energy Markets manipulated, and more ... all with major press attending, but never reporting.

Nonetheless, Estulin undertook "an investigative journey" that became his life's work. He states: "Slowly, one by one, I have penetrated the layers of secrecy surrounding the Bilderberg Group, but I could not have done this without help of 'conscientious objectors' from inside, as well as outside, the Group's membership." As a result, he keeps their names confidential.

For those who have never heard of the Bilderberg Group, it has been gathering every year for the last 57 years and is named after Hotel de Bilderberg where the first meeting took place in May 1954. The idea to host such gatherings belongs to a rather shady character by the name of Joseph Retinger. The success of the first meeting resulted in the setting up of a so-called Steering Committee, which works out the agendas for each consecutive gathering.

In short, Bilderbergers want to supplant individual nation-state sovereignty with an all-powerful global government, corporate controlled, and check-mated by militarized enforcement. The Group's grand design is for "a One World Government (World Company) with a single, global marketplace, policed by one world army, and financially regulated by one 'World (Central) Bank' using one global currency." Their "wish list" includes:

  • one international identify, one set of universal values.
  • a New World Order with no middle class, only "rulers and servants "
  • manufactured crises and perpetual wars.
  • centralized control of all foreign and domestic policies; "one size fits all globally"
  • using the UN as a de facto world government imposing a UN tax on "world citizens"
  • expanding NAFTA[2] and WTO[3] globally, and making NATO a world military

Therefore, after being swept into that hidden world of intrigue and secrecy, and having learned from Daniel Estulin's The True Story of The Bilderberg Group, what was being said behind closed doors of the opulent hotels, where the Bilderberg Group held their annual gathering, speculations about their involvement in the ongoing events in Syria have been raised.

The foreign-financed armed rebellion and the Western-backed opposition to Syria has been falsely portrayed as a spontaneous uprising of “democracy” activists since violence first broke out more than two years ago. But According to a recent investigation published in the U.K. Guardian, top figures in the “regime-change” coalition — most notably the Syrian National Council (SNC) — have intimate links to the highest ranks of the world elite: the shadowy Bilderberg conference, the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR)[4], the Goldman Sachs megabank, billionaire financier George Soros, and, of course, the U.S. government. It is all out in the open, too.[5]

According to Stirring Trouble Internationally, Syria and the Middle East generally are bound to be on the agenda of this year’s Bilderberg conference(Bilderberg 2013, Leafy Watford)  . The way things are going, the Syrian "civil" war is bound to escalate after the EU ended its arms embargo to the Syrian "rebels".[6]

According to Bilderberg veteran journalist Jim Tucker[7], during a recent meeting in London, several elitists shared the sentiment that a mid-east war targeting Iran and Syria could be on the agenda for the secretive Bilderberg Group’s 2013 confab. "War in the Middle East has been on the minds of Bilderberg members, " states the report.

US Secretary of State John Kerry also weighed in, responding to concerns that there had been no boots on the ground and no direct US or NATO military intervention in Syria by remarking, "we can fix that. " On the same day, Kerry gave a news conference in London asserting that Syrian "rebels" would not be left, "dangling in the wind wondering where the support is or if it’s coming. "

The issue of "regime" change in Syria was also on the agenda during last year’s conference, Chantilly, Virginia which was attended by Syrian National Transitional Council head, Bassma Kodmani. It  was Kodmani's second Bilderberg. At the 2008 conference, Kodmani was listed as French; by 2012, her Frenchness had fallen away and she was listed simply as "international" – her homeland had become the world of international relations.[8]

Back a few years, in 2005, Kodmani was working for the Ford Foundation in Cairo, a vast organization, headquartered in New York. Around this time, in February 2005, US-Syrian relations collapsed, and President Bush recalled his ambassador from Damascus. A lot of opposition projects date from this period. "The US money for Syrian opposition figures began flowing under President George W Bush after he effectively froze political ties with Damascus in 2005," says the Washington Post.

In September 2005, Kodmani was made the executive director of the Arab Reform Initiative (ARI) – a research program initiated by a powerful US lobby group, the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), an elite US foreign policy think-tank, and the Arab Reform Initiative is described on its website as a "CFR Project"[9] .  She is also the executive director of the Arab Reform Initiative. This body, set up in 2004 by the CFR, is helping to steer "a comprehensive process" of "democratic reform" in the region. In 2005, the Syrian National Council came into being. She was a founding member, and on the executive committee. When Webster Tarpley[10] was asked about Kodmani. He doesn't mince words. "She's a NATO agent, a destabilizer, a color revolution queen. The fact that Kodmani was there is a scary one for Syria", says Tarpley.[11]

Finally, no matter Bilderberg or other conspirator groups are plotting against us as Syrians or more accurately as Syria; we have no way out but to expose and fight against their plots by seeking peace and securing better future for our children.  Each by his own means. Ours are but words…that could be swords.


Lama Alhassanieh

[1]"The True Story of The Bilderberg Group"Daniel Estulin , 2009, TrineDay, Walterville, America,432 pages.


[2]  The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is an agreement signed by Canada, Mexico, and the United States, creating a trilateral trade bloc in North America. Wikipedia

[3]The World Trade Organization (WTO) is an organization that intends to supervise and liberalize international trade. Wikipedia

[4]  The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) is an American nonprofit, nonpartisan membership organization, publisher, and think tank specializing in U.S. foreign policy and international affairs,  founded in 1921. The CFR is considered to be the nation's "most influential foreign-policy think tank". Noam Chomsky has said, "The Council on Foreign Relations is essentially the business input to [United States] foreign policy planning." Wikipedia

[5] 16 July 2012, The New American, U.S.-backed Syrian Opposition Linked to Bilderberg, CFR, Goldman Sachs & George Soros, Written by  Alex Newman.

[6]  June 4, 2013, Bilderberg Group To Meet In Leafy Watford. To Plot Against Us All  

[7] James P. (Jim or Big Jim) Tucker, Jr. (December 31, 1934 – April 26, 2013) was an American journalist and author of Jim Tucker's Bilderberg Diary, who, since 1975, has focused on the Bilderberg Group. Tucker has been described as a "veteran Bilderberg observer". Wikipedia



[10] Webster Griffin Tarpley is an American political analyst, conspiracy author, historian, economist, journalist, lecturer and a critic of U.S. foreign and domestic policy. Wikipedia


Failure of "political-Islam"

Member of Moslem  Brotherhood , Erdogan ,  had  advised his friend and partner in the  evil party,  Mohamed Morsi  that  " bite off more than one can chew ".  In fact,  Erdogan  considered  himself  having  an experiment in "political Islam", as a successful model. But before  offering  advice to his colleague, Erdogan must learn a lesson from what  happened in Egypt to face his people in  a respectable way. He  uttered  what is not  befitting for policy to  be said to those  people who  saw  in him and his party a bad model  which greatly offended  the Turkish state.

Erdogan 's reckless policy  created  conflicts and  problems inside and outside  his country. He made Turkey a conduit of terrorism  that facilitates  the crossing of terrorists  into neighboring countries. The thing which  destabilized Turkey and led to a degenerative  economy and an interminable political and social problems .

On the other hand , what is happening in Egypt now  is  a clear evidence of the  violent  practices of  the  Moslem  Brotherhood who are only versed in  the language of elimination and murder.

Moreover, models of "political Islam" had  failed in the Arab and Moslem world . They are  all  falling  apart  because of  the falsehood of their  claims. All peoples that  fell in the trap  of  "political Islam"  would not be deceived  by this destructive policy. 

What happened in Egypt  and  Turkey is a real  proof of that ,and  other countries such as Tunisia and Libya will follow suit .  Libya  is still  suffering  greatly  from  the NATO aftermath.

Libya has now become the hot spot  of terrorism  exporting  weapons  to the terrorists in Syria via Turkey and other neighboring countries  .Have  these models of "political  Islam"   succeeded in bringing democracy to their countries? Will  Erdogan and his party  learn a lesson  from what is happening  around or will he  continue in his  stubbornness and Seljuk  arrogance  till  he meets his demise  at the hands of his people?


Ahmed Orabi Ba'aj

E&T : M.Wassouf

Cyprus – Bell of Remembrance

There rings a bell at six in the morning sharp every July 20th on the Island of Cyprus . Like an alarm , it wakes the inhabitants of the island up , but surprises none of them ! For the older generation it brings back memories of horror , destruction and blood . For the younger generation it brings great sorrow for what could have been !

For this bell is a bell of remembrance . It reminds the people of Cyprus of what happened on July 20th 1974 when the Turks invaded the island . The first Turkish soldier to set foot an Cypriot soil was at six in the morning , to be followed by many others . Also a Turkish armada of 35 ships , including troop transporters and around 30 tanks and a small landing craft landed on the northern coast of the island . They called it operation “ Atila “.

But the Turkish invasion of Cyprus didn’t just happen out of the blue- it was preceded by a military coup carried out by the Greek junta against the lawful president of the island , Archbishop Makarious III – an honorable man long known for his love for his country and his struggle against the British occupiers of the island . Indeed he was exiled by the British in 1956 . In 1959 Archbishop Makarious was elected as president of Cyprus. He pursued a neutralist policy, favoring a peaceful solution between the island’s Greek and Turkish communities and this was one of the reasons for the Greek coup of 1974. The coupists wanted “enosis” or unity with Greece – something that was totally unacceptable to Turkey ( 1960 Treaty of guarantee ) . Makarious was astute enough to know that – and that was the reason they wanted to get rid of him .

The Turkish occupation of Cyprus seized 35 % of the territory of Cyprus in the north and resulted in one quarter of the population of Cyprus being forcibly expelled  from the now occupied northern part of the island. Others were forced through intimidation and fear to abandon their lands. The area that the Turks occupied accounted for 46 % of crop production and much higher percentages of citrus fruit production , cereals , tobacco and green fodder .

That wasn’t all that happened to Cyprus ! Turkey changed even its demography shipping great numbers of Anatolians and settling them in the occupied territory of the island . This large influx of settlers negatively affected the living conditions of the original inhabitants of the island the Turkish Cypriots, for they lived in great poverty and a lot of them were forced to emigrate as a result.

The United Nations passed many resolutions concerning Cyprus – a total of 75 resolutions ! All of them demanding withdrawal of Turkish troops and calling on Turkey to allow Greek Cypriots to return to their homes . Turkey didn’t abide by any of the resolutions !

In 2004, Kofi Annan presented a plan to solve the crisis in Cyprus . It involved turning Cyprus into a federation of two constituent states-the Greek Cypriot State and the Turkish Cypriot state joined together by a federal government apparatus . The majority of Greek Cypriot voted against it as they though it unfavourable to them , while the Turkish Cypriots voted for it .

Up till this date nothing has changed concerning Cyprus . The island remains divided with no hope for a solution in the near future . The next round of peace talks will apparently start in October 2013 , but no one is really hopeful !

It seems that the bell that rings at 6 A.M on July 20th , will continue to ring on that date for some years yet to come !!


Reem Haddad

The Role of Turkey in the War on Syria (1)

 “Syria is worrying that it will be attacked by Turkey from above and by Israel from below. It is worrying that it will be squeezed between us like a sandwich.” [Israeli President Ezer Weizman (1993-2000), interview with Guneri Civaoglu,Caesarea, Israel, 11 June 1996]

“Although Turkey has never taken part in a war alongside us, it is a positive factor for Israel that Syria has an enemy on its northern frontiers. Syria will never attack Turkey, but it cannot exclude the reverse.” [Former Israeli Defence Minister Uri Or (1995-1996), interview with Alain Gresh, Tel Aviv, October 1997]

When the U.S. and its allies launched the covert war on Syria in 2011, they were expecting that either Syria’s political establishment would collapse within a short duration or they would find a way to ignite an open war. As Syria’s leaders and people proved to be exceptionally resilient, increasingly more brutal means have been deployed to tear the country apart. Being at the forefront of this covert war in every respect, Turkey has been thoroughly complicit in monumental war crimes committed against the neighbouring people of Syria, wrote by Michel Chossudovsky to Global Research on April 15, 2013

Turkey’s phony peace with its neighbours Syria (since December 2004) and Iran (since November 2008) came to an abrupt end in May 2011, when its central role in NATO’s covert war against Syria became evident.

As for Turkey’s phony conflict with Israel, which began with the May 2010 Gaza Freedom Flotilla massacre, has also been fully exposed when Turkey overtly supported Israel’s blatant acts of military aggression against Syria in 2013. The repercussions of the May 2013 Reyhanli false-flag bombing attacks near Turkey’s border with Syria is the latest evidence of a deep crisis of legitimacy for the United States, Britain, Israel and Turkey; the four countries whose alliance has been dominating the political scene in the Middle East and beyond since 1990.


As NATO’s international mercenary forces from 29 different countries started suffering heavy defeats against the Syrian Army, Israeli Air Forces came to their rescue by launching two separate air strikes in Syria, both of which were blatant acts of war.

On May 5th, UN human rights investigator Carla del Ponte announced the findings of the United Nations independent commission of inquiry on Syria:

“According to the testimonies we have gathered, the "rebels" have used chemical weapons [in Syria], making use of sarin gas.”


Syria’s Information Minister Omran al-Zoubi responded to Mr Erdogan’s accusations in full force:

“The real terrorist is the government of Turkey under the leadership of Recep Tayyip Erdogan. It opened Turkey’s border with Syria to the terrorists. [Turkey] became a hub of international jihadi terrorism. It unleashed these terrorists on Turkish people’s houses and fields. It hosted terrorists coming from all over the world. Without any consideration, it provided them with all types of arms, bombs and explosive devices so that they could massacre people of Syria. Turkey’s Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his interior and foreign ministers bear a political and moral responsibility towards all the people of the world in general and the people of Syria and their own people in particular. [...]

The sole responsibility for the bombing attacks in Reyhanli lies with Turkey’s ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) and its Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan. These [attacks] couldn’t have been perpetrated by Syria. Despite all the things they did to the people and army of Syria for such a long time, neither our decency, nor our ethics, nor our policy would allow us to do something like this. [...]

Lebanese resistance movement Hezbollah’s statement was equally straightforward:

“These terrorist bombings came as part of a series of similar crimes that affect innocent people in several Arab and Islamic countries, which can only be made [by] criminal hands. It also bore the hallmarks of international intelligence agencies, aimed at destabilizing and creating discord and unrest in these countries.”


On the day of the incident, which was a Saturday, the Government managed to get the local court of Reyhanli to issue a blanket censorship ban regarding the broadcasting of news about the bombing attacks in Reyhanli. According to this ban, only statements made by senior authorities and police reports would be allowed to be reported on the media and the internet:

“Within the framework of the investigation concerning the blasts in Reyhanli district on 11.05.2013 [...] , broadcasting and displaying information concerning the site of the incident, concerning the dead and injured casualties of the incident and concerning the content of the incident on all types of audio-visual, written and visual media and the internet is banned according to Article 153 of the Code of Criminal Procedure.”

Actually, this blanket ban was mainly targeting the information flow through the Internet considering that Turkey’s mainstream media have been fully complicit in the Government’s constant war propaganda against Syria from April 2011. Nevertheless, the ban on the Internet proved to be somewhat ineffective in the face of an overwhelming sense of indignation towards to Government across the country.

It transpired that none of the 73 closed-circuit television (CCTV) cameras in the town recorded the bombing attacks. Due to a “system error”, they had been out of order four days before the incident. Most of these 73 CCTV cameras were directly viewing the points where the bombing attacks occurred. CHP member of parliament Aytug Atici revealed that electricity was cut off just five minutes before the bombing attacks. In fact, according to activist Hamide Yigit, cutting off the electricity was a strategy used by Turkey’s authorities in smuggling international mercenaries into Syria:

“Electricity is cut off along the [Harbiye-Yayladagi] itinerary; everywhere, including streets and roads, becomes totally dark. Meanwhile, vehicles carrying military ammunition and armed groups to the border pass by. Once their passage is over, the electricity resumes. The local residents, who are prevented from witnessing this transport, are feeling deeply restless about it.”

On the day of the bombing attacks, the militants who wanted to cross from Syria into Turkey were guided towards the Cilvegozu border gate instead of their habitual point of entry in Reyhanli. A currently censored video which was posted on Youtube shortly after the bombing attacks was recorded from an angle which oversaw the site of the attacks. Arabic speaking “Free Syrian Army” militants are seen to be recording the blasts in jubilation, shouting “Allah-u Akbar” (God is great) and mentioning the location of the blasts and the date.

Only two days before the bombing attacks in Reyhanli, ABC reported “a secret visit” by the former U.S. Ambassador to Syria (January-October 2011) Robert Ford, who is the mastermind of NATO’s covert war on Syria .In fact, there is a long history of false-flag incidents occurring in Turkey ahead of almost every top level meeting between Turkey’s politicians and their U.S. or Israeli counterparts.


Immediately after the bombing attacks, spontaneous protests broke out in Reyhanli and in various parts of the Hatay province. Incensed protesters were chanting “Erdogan resign” Turkey’s military deployed a huge number of air and ground military reinforcements to Hatay and Reyhanli in order to prevent spontaneous protests in Reyhanli and other parts of the Hatay province turning into a full-scale uprising. Even the Reyhanli State Hospital was under siege, where riot police, plain-clothes police officers and an armoured police vehicle were deployed.

Nine months before the bombing attacks in Reyhanli, activist Hamide Yigit describes the state of mind of the people in the Hatay province where Reyhanli is located:

“The mendacity of the media in ‘marketing’ war to the people is seen more clearly from Hatay. From the very first day the incidents started in Syria, they have been aware and observe that the media is reporting lies. The people of Hatay have relatives in every city in Syria, they speak its language [i.e. Arabic] , watch its broadcasts, read its press, and even if none of that is the case, can inform themselves about any incident at the convenience of a phone call, they are furious towards the media for its distortion of the facts to such an extent. [...]

For the past seventeenth months, the people [of Hatay] have been living in fear of [the possibility that] a war, for which they can find no reason, might explode on their doorstep. Hatay’s economy is stagnating, its revenues have stopped, its bread has shrunk. Hatay has enjoyed harmonious fraternity among its diverse population up until the present day. However, [the Government] is trying to disrupt this by pitting groups against each other, by emphasising differences of identity [Turkish, Arabic, Kurdish, etc.] , sectarian differences [Sunni, Alevi, etc.] . The people of Hatay are constantly hearing news of deaths and injuries from relatives [in Syria] and live in constant fear of hearing such news.

The worst of this is that Hatay is being used as the command centre for attacks launched on their brotherly, blood-related people of Syria and hosting those who are firing bullets at them... With the anger and sorrow this, what is being spoken on every street and household [in Hatay] is the following: ‘We refuse to endure this disgrace any longer. We don’t want to keep waiting for this catastrophe which is advancing rapidly and looms closer every day. The refugee camps should be immediately removed from Hatay and re-arranged in a way to prioritise a humanitarian function. The flow of weapons and ‘terrorists’ across the border [with Syria] must stop! ”

In 2013, tensions between the local population of the Hatay province and the international mercenary forces have reached a peak. Numerous riots broke out between the Syrian refugees and Turkey’s security forces in the refugee camps in Hatay and other southern provinces of Turkey. According to the Government’s own figures, a total of 114,000 Syrian refugees in Turkey have returned to Syria.

In fact, since last year, Hatay took the lead in protesting Turkey’s pro-imperialist policies against Syria. The particularly massive and vibrant demonstrations held last September were retaliated by draconian restrictions against the freedom to protest in Hatay.

Furthermore, regardless if it was a false-flag attack or an accident by NATO’s mercenary forces fighting in Syria, after every incident that occurred along the border with Syria which resulted in deaths in Turkey, the local people have protested against the Government.

Massive protests occurred spontaneously across Hatay on the day of the bombing attacks and demonstrations are being held across the country on a daily basis to denounce the Government’s responsibility for the attacks and its warmongering policies against Syria.

Large protests held by students from a number of universities in Ankara and Istanbul were suppressed in a particularly brutally manner by the riot police forces. In Istanbul, beyond its standard lavish use of pepper gas and pressurised cannon water, the riot police went so far as firing plastic bullets at a university campus.

On the weekend the bombing attacks occurred, during the singing of the national anthem to mourn the victims ahead of two separate football games in Istanbul, the fans of Besiktas and Fenerbahce teams started shouting “Government resign”. The company broadcasting the games censored this unexpected mass protest by muting the voice of the transmission.

All these instances of spontaneous popular dissent highlight the conspicuous absence of a genuinely anti-imperialist stance among a wide range of the largely co-opted, misguided and divided opposition groups in Turkey.

A protest held in Reyhanli seven days after the bombing attacks became yet another scene of police brutality where a large amount of pepper gas was fired.

Two weeks after the attacks, Reyhanli was under a state of military occupation during Prime Minister Erdogan’s visit which was announced with 2 days’ notice. 5000 special forces troops, 5000 police officers, marksmen on the rooftops, 5 Skorsky helicopters, 20 thousand barriers and 50 tons of pepper gas have been deployed to Reyhanli.

600 bus loads of Justice and Development Party (AKP) supporters from neighbouring districts and provinces as far away as Nigde (400 km), Syrian refugees who did not speak Turkish and workers who were threatened with dismissal for non-attendance by their employers were transported by the authorities to Reyhanli. They were lined up in front of Mr Erdogan in a military order in a manner reminiscent of the periods under military rule. Meanwhile, the local people were not allowed to go out of their homes.

Ten days before Mr Erdogan’s visit, government officials began distributing a significant amount of money to the local population of Reyhanli in an effort to buy off their silence. [62] Likewise, during his fifteen-minute speech in Reyhanli, Mr Erdogan announced various financial incentives for the people of Reyhanli as well as promotion of Hatay to metropolitan municipality status in the next year.

Source: global research

H. M.