Zaki Alersuzi

Zaki  Alersuzi,  the  famous Syrian Arab thinker, was born in Latakia , 1900.  Shortly after his birth , he moved with his family to Antakya in Iskenderun,  where he finished his primary and secondary education in the city of Konya. Alersuzi  continued his study  in Beirut and then he  joined the Sorbonne University in 1927 and obtained  philosophy degree  in 1930.

After that he  returned  to Syria  to work as a teacher in an atmosphere of national enthusiasm which  attracted young people around him. Then he joined  the Nationalist Action  Association , after that he became the  leader of this association  in Iskenderun.

In 1936 , he  established " al-Orouba"  newspaper and  began calling for  Arabism  resurrection  after the annexation of  Liwa'a  Iskenderun by Turks .

 At that time he imprisoned because  he lead a resistance movement  struggling against the  Turkey's aggression.

He  founded  the (Arabism club)" Nadi al-Orouba" in 1937, and then he  established a library called" al-Ba'ath al- Arabi".

Alersuzi  was Influenced greatly  by a number of French and German thinkers such as: Bergson , Nietzsche, Descartes, Kan. He  taught the pre-Islamic poetry , the  history of  the ancient Semitic  nations , public proverbs  and the Islamic thought. In his book entitled " Arabic Genius is in its Tongue", Alersuzi presented the  idea of  the national  concept of the Arabs.

Alersuzi  was distinguished by his  vast culture and his critical  temperament  and individuality that  attracted  most of the  Syrian Arab youths  who have joined the founding generation of the Baath Party.

On the anniversary of his death, the Syrian Government has installed a statue of  Zaki Alersuzi  in the square  behind the central bank . Also  the Ministry of Culture has published all  his works in six volumes from 1972 to 1976.

-Among his famous  works are :

-Arabic  Genius is in its tongue.

- Arabic Tongue.

- Voice of Arabism in Liwa'a Iskenderun.


M. Wassouf

Hanna Mina

Hanna Mina  was  considered as one of the most outstanding  novelists in Syria. He was born in Latakia, 1924 to  a poor family, and lived his childhood in (al-Mostanqa'a) district ,  in  one of  Iskenderun  villages.  After the Turkish aggression on  his native district, he emigrated  to other parts of Syria to pursue fighting  with his friends  against the French Mandate.

-In 1939 , he returned with his family to Lattakia, where he worked as a barber.

- After that he worked  as a porter  in  Lattakia's port  and then as a sailor on  boats and ships .

 -Started his literary life as a journalist .  He was interested in writing  radio series in  vernacular. And then  he worked as  government  employee  thenhe began to write many stories and novels.

- Sent his  first stories for publishing  in  Damascene newspapers.

- Moved to Beirut in 1946 searching for a work , and later  moved  to Damascus in 1947 where he settled, and worked  in (al-Insha'a)  newspaper until he became its editor-in-chief.

 - His first literary works were very modest, then he began to write news and short articles and essays in famous newspapers in Syria and Lebanon before  he restored to writing  short stories.

- Began his literary career in  writing  a Don Quixote like  play , but unfortunately it escaped  his library,  the thing which discouraged  him  to write  plays.

- His  first novel was  entitled (al-Masabeh al-Zorq)" The Blue Lamps", 1954.

- He wrote about  30 novels  , eight of which   talking about the sea as depicted his attachment  to  the sea and sailors  who waged perilous challenges of the sea.

- Among  his  famous novels (al-Nojoom Tohakem al-Qamar)" The Stars Judge The Moon", and (al-shams fi Yawm Ghaem)" The Sun in Cloudy Day", (Nihayat Rajol Shojaa)" The End of a  Brave Man", and (al-Shira'a wa al-A'asefa)" The Sail and The Storm" , most of them  have been rendered into  television works.

- Lived a hard expatriation  experience  , he moved from Latakia to Ersuz  plain near Antakya,  Eskenderun, then Latakia again, Beirut, Damascus. Then  he married  and  travelled with his family  across Europe  arriving  to China, where he settled for  five years.

- Shared  a group of writers in Syria  the  foundation of   the Syrian Writers Association, 1951.

- Contributed to  establishing   the Arab Writers Union,1969.



Haider Yazigi

Haidar Yaziji is the "son of Liwa'a Iskenderun", born in Antakya city 1946, he is well-known as the artist of realism.

He studied at the Plastic Arts Center in "Aleppo “and graduated in 1961 with honors of Master's degree in the Artistic Production of cinema and television movies in 1977.
-He won Master's degree in drawing and oil painting, 1977.
-He attained the Doctorate degree in drawing, directing and preparing the cartoon's films,1981.
-He studied at the Higher Institute of Cinematography about eleven years during which he won three certificates, including cinema , television and plastic arts.
-He worked as a lecturer at the Faculty of Fine Arts, besides he supervised the preparation of a group of students to specialize in cartoon films.
-He founded the first department of cartoon films in Syrian TV.
-He was appointed as the director of public relations at the Public Corporation for Radio and Television, 1989 - 2000.
-He participated in the preparation of all national parties, appointed as the director of "al-Mahabba “festival and director of  “First Syrian Song's Festival."
-He prepared and directed a number of television programs and cartoons films.

-He painted two panorama panels about the October War, one is shown in the edifice of the Unknown Soldier and the second in the Military Museum in Damascus.
-He is member of the Supreme Committee of the Collections of Artistic Works in Syria.
-He is the Chief of Plastic Artists in Syria since 2000.
-He is director of the Arab Radio and Television Training Center affiliated to the Arab States Broadcasting Union since 2001.



Artist Naim Ismail

He was born in the countryside of Antakya, Syria, in 1930. Naim Ismail was  considered as one of the most outstanding Syrian plastic artists . In 1953 , he graduated from the Faculty of Fine Arts in Istanbul, specialized in oil painting.

-1958-1970, he worked as an artistic  supervisor of  "Jaish al-Shaab" magazine .

- 1970 – 1979, he was appointed  as Fine Arts director  in the Syrian Ministry of Culture.
-1958 – 1970, he worked  as an art director and a journalism photographer , and after that  he became the artistic supervisor of " al-Mawqef al-Arabi" and " al-Maarefa" magazines.
-He was  assigned  as a teacher of  mosaics and  wall  photography at the Fine Arts  Faculty  in Damascus.

His works are displayed  in:
- Damascus and Aleppo Museums , and the Ministry of Culture in Syria.
- As private collections.
- The Palace of Nations in Geneva and in  the Archaeological Museum in Baku.

 Special exhibitions:
- Istanbul, Palace of the Governorate of 1954.
- Ankara, lounge Hlekon 1955.
- Damascus, the Association of Artists 1959.
- Damascus, the World Hall of Modern Art, 1960.
- Damascus, the World Hall of Modern Art, 1962.
- Damascus, the World Hall of Modern Art, 1966.
- Damascus, Arab Cultural Center, 1971.
- Homs, Arts Centre, 1971.
- Hama, the Cultural Center in 1972.

 Joint exhibitions:
- The Syrian Arab Modern Art  Exhibition , Moscow, Warsaw, Berlin, Prague, Budapest, Bucharest, 1958
- Sao Paulo Biennali, 1961
- the Supreme Council for the Arts Exhibition , Damascus, 1961.
- Alexandria Biennale for Mediterranean countries, 1961.
- Syrians artists in Sursock Museum , Beirut.
- The Syrian Arab Modern Art  Exhibition ,Baku, Azerbaijan, Soviet, 1968.
- Syrian Arab Modern Art Exhibition , Moscow, Leningrad, Warsaw, Berlin, Prague, Budapest, Bucharest, Belgrade, Sofia, and then West Berlin and Paris ,1968 - 1969.
- Syrian Arab Art , New York, 1967.
- Arab art , Kuwait 1969.
- Syrian Arab Art , Cairo 1969.
- Syrian Arab art , Tripoli, Libya, 1970.
- Exhibition  of The Three Years of the World Art , New Delhi, India 1970.
- International Festival of the Arts, Damascus ,Ornina ,1972.
- Arab art , Baghdad, 1972.
- Arab art , Kuwait, 1973.
- Syrian Art , the Syrian Association for Arts 1956.
- Exhibition of the top ten groups at the headquarters of the  Journalist Union 1970.

–Exhibition of  the top  ten groups  , Beirut, 1971.
Gallery –Exhibition of the top ten groups  , the Arab Cultural Center , Damascus , 1972.
- Joint Syrian Iraqi art in Baghdad and  then in Damascus in 1972.

State Prize of the Supreme Council of  Arts, 1968.

-In 1979 , Naim Ismail  died in Damascus, Syria.



Sidqi Ismail

Sidqi  Ismail was born in 1924 in  al-affan quarter  in the Syrian  city of Antakya.

-He received his first  education in  al-affan  district's  school and continued his secondary  study in Antakya  in 1936, then he  moved with his brother Adham to Aleppo where he  received a baccalaureate degree, the  Second Department of  Philosophy in 1943, and joined the Teacher Institute till 1948.

- He became a member of  the Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy, University of Damascus , and graduated in 1952, then  he  earned a bachelor's degree with honors and obtained a diploma of  education and was appointed as a teacher in Aleppo.

In 1954 he moved to Damascus. -

- He started publishing articles in newspapers and magazines since 1945, and then he  collected these  articles in a book entitled al-Yanabi (springs).

- Sidqi  issued his own newspaper (Al-Kalb) in 1956, it was classified as  a comic and critic manuscript  by his own handwriting. He  used  to distribute the copies of this manuscript  to his closer friends, and he continued in issuing  it  till his death in 1972.

- He married in 1957 from Mrs. Awatef al-Haffar, who  was in the Executive Office of the General Women's Union , and then an editor in chief of the  Arab women's magazine.

- Sedqi  struggled with some of  students in the national movement led by  the  thinker Zaki al-Arsuzi  against the conspiracy of extorting of  Liwa Iskenderun.

- In 1936 ,Sidqi was fired by one of the Turks and then he had an emergency surgery.

 - He worked as a teacher in primary and secondary schools and  in Teachers Institutions, besides his teaching  in the Syrian University until 1967.

- He was appointed in 1968 as Secretary of the Supreme Council for  arts, literature and social sciences in Damascus.

-In 1969, he  contributed to the establishment of the Arab Writers Union, and became the  Chairman of the Union in 1970. Also he was the  director and editor-in-chief  of  " al-Mawqef al-Arabi" magazine.

- He participated in a number of international seminars, conferences and literary Arab  festivals.

- Sidqi published his first book entitled (Rambo), which was about the famous French poet.

- He visited France, Italy, Yugoslavia, Turkey, Greece and Germany

- Sidqi  passed away after a heart attack while he was reviewing the text of the play ( The Days Of Salmon) at the Directorate of theaters in Damascus on 26.09.1972.


M. Wassouf